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Shoes manufecturing

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Transcript

  • 1. Haider Ali Imtiaz Ahmad 1113074 BSME01113115 BSME
  • 2. Shoes A shoe is an item of footwear intended to protect and comfort the human foot while doing various activities. Shoes are also used as an item of decoration.
  • 3. Types of Shoes There are a wide variety of different types of shoes. Most types of shoes are designed for specific activities.  Boot  Athletic  Dress and casual Shoes
  • 4. Boot These are typically designed for work or heavy outdoor use.
  • 5. Athletic Shoes These are designed for particular sports such as running, walking, Football and other sports.
  • 6. Dress and casual Shoes These are characterized by smooth and supple leather uppers, leather soles, and narrow sleek figure.
  • 7. Size of Shoes There are several different shoe-size systems that are used worldwide. These systems differ in what they measure, what unit of measurement they use, and where the size 0 (or 1) is positioned.
  • 8. Shoe Manufacturing
  • 9. Parts of Shoes
  • 10. Parts of Shoes  Heel Counter: An internal support feature in the rear of the shoe that conforms to the shape of your heel  Midsole: The material (usually EVA or Polyurethane foam) that sits below the upper and above the outsole, providing protection from impact forces and oftentimes encasing non foam technologies, such as GEL or Air, to increase durability and protection
  • 11. Parts of Shoes  Outsole: The durable part of the shoe that makes contact with the ground, providing traction  Upper: The part of the shoe that encases the foot.  Heel Tab: The part of the shoe that surrounds the Achilles tendon and helps lock the shoe around the heel.  Heel Counter: An internal support feature in the rear of the shoe that conforms to the shape of your heel
  • 12. Shoe Manufacturing  Clicking(cutting)  Closing Skiving Sewing  Making Last Selection Sole Stitching Heeling Rough Rounding  Finishing Suede Cleaning Polishing Boxing
  • 13. Clicking (Cutting) "Clicking" is the first process in the making of a pair of shoes. The leather is carefully selected and the "clicker" will proceed to cut the shape of the upper, by hand, from the high quality hides.
  • 14. Closing
  • 15. Skiving Skiving reduces the thickness of the leather enabling two or three pieces to be sewn together and so help prevent excess thickness at the seams
  • 16. Sewing In this process different parts of upper that are skewed are sewn together This work is mostly performed by women and takes a very high degree of skill and experience to work the shoe into a threedimensional shape
  • 17. Making
  • 18. Lasting The completed uppers are sent to the "making room". Here the choice of wooden "lasts" are selected, so determining the final shape and fitting of the shoe, along with the leather insole to fit the particular last. The upper is then pulled over by a machine. This is now a "lasted shoe".
  • 19. Welt A welt is a strip of leather, rubber, or plastic that is stitched to the upper and insole of a shoe, as an attachpoint for the sole. The space enclosed by the welt is then filled with cork or some other filler material.
  • 20. Sole Stitching A skilled craftsman then lock stitches the sole and welt together. This stitch runs in a channel and can be either left open, or folded to disguise this operation and give a neater look.
  • 21. Heeling The heel is then nailed to the shoe. Mostly Heels are made from layered pieces of leather, so giving better cushioning and shock absorbing properties to the shoe.
  • 22. Finishing
  • 23. Suede Cleaning This final process partly depends on the type of sole material that has been attached to the welt, however all materials have to be trimmed to give a smooth edge.
  • 24. Polishing The uppers are then cleaned and polished. All our shoes have polish put on and are left overnight to soak into the leather, before it is polished off the next day. Final quality inspection is made before the shoes are laced.
  • 25. Packing Carefully wrapped in cotton cloths and placed into their box before being dispatched to the customer.
  • 26. Brands Name of Shoes