Structure In India Mutual Funds in India follow a 3-tier structure: Sponsor: who thinks of starting a mutual fund Public Trust: created by sponsors Trustee: the people authorized to act on behalf of the Trust.
Equity Funds Equity Funds are defined as those funds which have at least 65% of their Average Weekly Net Assets invested in Indian Equities Safer types of Equity Funds include Index Funds and diversified Large Cap Funds, while the riskier varieties are the Sector Funds. On the basis of market capitalisation these can be classified as: Large Cap Funds Mid Cap Funds Small Cap Funds On the basis of investment strategy: Index Funds Infrastructure Fund Power Sector Fund Quant Fund Arbitrage Fund Natural Resources Fund
ELSS: Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) are equity schemes, where investors get tax benefit upto Rs. 1 Lakh under section 80C of the Income Tax Act. Entry Load: First expense that an investor has to incur is by way of Entry Load. This is charged to meet the selling and distribution expenses of the scheme
Debt Funds Debt funds are funds which invest money in debt instruments such as short and long term bonds, government securities, t-bills, corporate paper, commercial paper, call money Debt mutual fund schemes are: Fixed Maturity Plans Fixed Maturity Plans Capital Protection Funds Gilt Funds Balanced Funds MIP Child Benefit Plans
Liquid Funds Liquid Funds attract a lot of institutional and High Networth Individuals (HNI) money. It accounts for approximately 40% of industry AUM. Less risky and better returns than a bank current account, are the two plus points of Liquid Funds. Money Market instruments have maturities not exceeding 1 year. Thus such schemes normally do not carry any interest rate risk. Liquid Funds do not carry Entry/ Exit Loads. Other recurring expenses associated with Liquid Schemes are also kept to a bare minimum