VALUES Latin valere , to be strong, to be of worth
“ The acts, customs, institutions, etc. regarded in a particular (especially favorable) way by a people, an ethnic group, etc.”
“ The guidelines and beliefs a person uses when confronted with a situation in which a choice is made”
Your personal values are the center of your
every thought you have,
every decision you make,
every word you utter,
every relationship you have with others
everything you do is driven by your values
BEHAVIOUR - only window through which we can judge another person’s values—or our own.
Sources of Values
Inculcation: This is the formal or informal teaching by parents, teachers, family members and individuals in our social and religious world during the early formative years of our lives.
Modeling: This is the process by which one selects, on a conscious or subconscious level, important or powerful people in our lives, mentors or “tormentors” (such as bosses, partners, teachers and colleagues) who may serve as role models for our lives and for our values.
Self-analysis of real-life experiences: Major short-term, real-life experiences may cause a person to analyze the situation and formulate, test, and even change his values. Long-term cumulative experiences such as marriage, child rearing, “empty nest” syndrome, or chronic health problems may be included in a self-evaluation process.
Values clarification: This is a concept fostered by the “humanist movement” in the mid-twentieth century. It approaches the study of values through formal "self and group analysis,” along with the use of rational thinking & emotional awareness to examine one’s behavioral patterns and underlying values.
PEOPLE INTEGRITY INNOVATION PROSPERITY
Australia warns to follow values
Ethic value something's degree of importance , with the aim of determining what action or life is best to do or live, or at least attempt to describe the value of different actions.
It may be described as treating actions themselves as abstract objects, putting value to them. Right conduct & good life, (highly, or at least relatively highly), valuable action may be regarded as ethically “ good ” & an action of low, or at least relatively low, value may be regarded as " bad ".