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  1. 1. VALUES Latin valere , to be strong, to be of worth
  2. 2. DEFINED <ul><li>“ The acts, customs, institutions, etc. regarded in a particular (especially favorable) way by a people, an ethnic group, etc.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The guidelines and beliefs a person uses when confronted with a situation in which a choice is made” </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Your personal values are the center of your </li></ul><ul><li>universe. </li></ul><ul><li>Your behavior, </li></ul><ul><li>every thought you have, </li></ul><ul><li>every decision you make, </li></ul><ul><li>every word you utter, </li></ul><ul><li>every relationship you have with others </li></ul><ul><li>everything you do is driven by your values </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>BEHAVIOUR - only window through which we can judge another person’s values—or our own.   </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sources of Values <ul><li>Inculcation: This is the formal or informal teaching by parents, teachers, family members and individuals in our social and religious world during the early formative years of our lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling: This is the process by which one selects, on a conscious or subconscious level, important or powerful people in our lives, mentors or “tormentors” (such as bosses, partners, teachers and colleagues) who may serve as role models for our lives and for our values. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Self-analysis of real-life experiences: Major short-term, real-life experiences may cause a person to analyze the situation and formulate, test, and even change his values. Long-term cumulative experiences such as marriage, child rearing, “empty nest” syndrome, or chronic health problems may be included in a self-evaluation process. </li></ul><ul><li>Values clarification: This is a concept fostered by the “humanist movement” in the mid-twentieth century. It approaches the study of values through formal &quot;self and group analysis,” along with the use of rational thinking & emotional awareness to examine one’s behavioral patterns and underlying values. </li></ul>
  8. 11. Australia warns to follow values
  9. 12. <ul><li>Ethic value something's degree of importance , with the aim of determining what action or life is best to do or live, or at least attempt to describe the value of different actions. </li></ul><ul><li>It may be described as treating actions themselves as abstract objects, putting value to them. Right conduct & good life, (highly, or at least relatively highly), valuable action may be regarded as ethically “ good ” & an action of low, or at least relatively low, value may be regarded as &quot; bad &quot;. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>For most of us, values are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>   Deep & emotional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>   Difficult to change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>   Sources of strength & stability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>   The driving force for our decisions & choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>   The basis for our power to act </li></ul></ul>
  11. 14. TYPES <ul><li>Ethical/moral values, </li></ul><ul><li>Doctrinal/ideological (religious, political) values, </li></ul><ul><li>Social values, & </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetic values </li></ul>
  12. 15. List of core values <ul><li>1.      Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>2.      Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>3.      Fidelity </li></ul><ul><li>4.      Courage </li></ul><ul><li>5.      Patience </li></ul><ul><li>6.      Justice </li></ul><ul><li>7.      Humility </li></ul>
  13. 16. Internal values <ul><li>1.      Humor </li></ul><ul><li>2.      Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>3.      Opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>4.      Independence </li></ul><ul><li>5.      Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>6.      Curiosity </li></ul>
  14. 17. External values <ul><li>1.      Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>2.      Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>3.      Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>4.      Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>5.      Consideration </li></ul><ul><li>6.      Love </li></ul><ul><li>7.      Cooperation </li></ul>
  15. 18. The Center for Public Service is guided by the following values
  16. 22. <ul><li>Cos like BAJAJ, TATA, GODREJ went beyond profit motive & focused on values like National Respect. </li></ul><ul><li>Tata once said that he would prefer Happy India rather than a rich one. </li></ul>
  17. 23. <ul><li>Gandhiji said business man should adhere to values like honesty, frugality, perseverance </li></ul><ul><li>He also stressed on necessity of not incurring debts, business on credit, business on banned goods to get riches quicker. </li></ul>
  18. 24. <ul><li>If you adhere to values then you will know the truth that nothing is permanent and wont attach yourself with any materials </li></ul>
  19. 25. Factors influencing value formation <ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Role of State </li></ul><ul><li>Group values </li></ul><ul><li>Belief systems </li></ul>
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