. One word on flash usage Avoid using flash, even for night shots. The indiscriminate blast of flash destroys the intimate mood of existing light. The use of frontal flash lighting tends to flatten faces. However use fill-in flash, for backlit situations or overhead sun.
For action, place the subject to the side of the frame, so that it is moving into some space
When looking to take a photograph, select your subject. This is normally the first thing your eye is attracted to. Once you have your subject, you can then apply compositional rules to give the image better impact or balance.
. Portrait and landscape … and check the different impacts
. Fill the frame and get close For action, sports and portraits a subject that fills the frame makes for a very high impact image. A good photograph is a subject, a context, and nothing else. Remove any clutter that detracts from your message. Get closer -- zoom in -- and crop as tightly as possible