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Mmfpspv -ministry_of_labour_family_social_protection_and_elderly_-_the_directorate_for_child_protection

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  • 1. 06/02/1306/02/13MinistrMinistry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderlyy of Labour, Family, Social Protection and ElderlyThe Directorate for Child ProtectionThe Directorate for Child ProtectionFoster Care – place and roll inFoster Care – place and roll inchild schild spepecial protection systemcial protection system
  • 2. 06/02/1306/02/13Legal frameworkLegal framework Law no. 272/2004 concerning the protection andLaw no. 272/2004 concerning the protection andpromotion of children rights;promotion of children rights;Transposition intoTransposition into thethe national lnational legislationegislation the provisions ofthe provisions ofthe UN Convention such as :the UN Convention such as :-- The principle of the best interest of the child must be taken intoThe principle of the best interest of the child must be taken intoaccount in all decisions and actions regarding children;account in all decisions and actions regarding children;-- The priority of the parents responsibility in what means the care andThe priority of the parents responsibility in what means the care andraising children.raising children. Government Decision no. 679/2003 concerning theGovernment Decision no. 679/2003 concerning theconditions to obtain the license, the registrationconditions to obtain the license, the registrationprocedures and the status of the foster care inprocedures and the status of the foster care inRomania.Romania. Minimum compulsorMinimum compulsoryy standards for child rightsstandards for child rightsprotection on foster care services and theprotection on foster care services and theimplementation Guide of those standardsimplementation Guide of those standards The training curricula for the professionals of the fosterThe training curricula for the professionals of the fosterparentparent..
  • 3. 06/02/1306/02/13Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and ElderlyMinistry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and ElderlyThe Directorate for Child ProtectionThe Directorate for Child ProtectionMain responsibilities:Main responsibilities:1.1. Elaborates programs for family protection and for preventing and combatingElaborates programs for family protection and for preventing and combatingdomestic violence and also fordomestic violence and also for protection and promotion of children rightsprotection and promotion of children rights;;2.2. Ensures the respect for children rightsEnsures the respect for children rights and makes recommendation for localand makes recommendation for localauthorities in taking the tight measures;authorities in taking the tight measures;3.3. Synthesizes the information regarding the conformation to the principles ofSynthesizes the information regarding the conformation to the principles ofU.N. Convention for Children Rights, which was ratified by the law 18/1990U.N. Convention for Children Rights, which was ratified by the law 18/1990and takes the measures for applying the recommendation of the Committee forand takes the measures for applying the recommendation of the Committee forchildren rights;children rights;4.4. Supervises the activities of the services for preventing the separation of theSupervises the activities of the services for preventing the separation of thechild from his parents and for the child special protection services, and also thechild from his parents and for the child special protection services, and also theactivities developed by the Commissions for child protection;activities developed by the Commissions for child protection;5.5. Makes standards, working procedures, standard specifications for the servicesMakes standards, working procedures, standard specifications for the servicesfor preventing the separation of the child from his parents, the child and youngfor preventing the separation of the child from his parents, the child and youngspecial protection services and also for family protection, victims of domesticspecial protection services and also for family protection, victims of domesticviolence and assaulters.violence and assaulters.
  • 4. Statistics – on 31Statistics – on 31ststDecember 2012December 2012At the end of 2012 there were 63.448 children in the specialAt the end of 2012 there were 63.448 children in the specialprotection system:protection system:1.1. 22.798 children (35.94%) – residential care services:22.798 children (35.94%) – residential care services:• 18.793 public residential care18.793 public residential care• 4.005 private residential care4.005 private residential care2.2. 38.858 children (61.24%) – family child care services:38.858 children (61.24%) – family child care services:• 19.143 foster care services19.143 foster care services• 19.71519.715 children protected within extended family or otherchildren protected within extended family or otherpersons / familiespersons / families3. 1.792 children (2.82%) in foster3. 1.792 children (2.82%) in foster parentsparents06/02/1306/02/13
  • 5. 1997 –1997 – DecemberDecember 2012012:2:CChildren in special protection systemhildren in special protection system06/02/1306/02/1339.56938.59733.35657.18157.06049.965 49.92543.23437.66032.67928.78626.10525.11424.42723.69623.103 23.24022.79811.89917.04423.73130.57230.829 37.55337.94243.09246.56850.23947.72347.87148.17247.15945.55043.81742.46240.65010.00015.00020.00025.00030.00035.00040.00045.00050.00055.00060.000Numberof children protectedin public andprivateplacementcenters (institutionalised)Numberof children protectedin substitutefamilies (relatives up tothe fourth degree, public and privateprofessional caretakers, otherfamilies)In
  • 6. 06/02/1306/02/13The beneficiaries of the foster careThe beneficiaries of the foster care systemsystem::• children whose parents are deceased, unknown, deprived by the exercise ofchildren whose parents are deceased, unknown, deprived by the exercise ofthe parental rights or have been enforced the penalty of denial of parentalthe parental rights or have been enforced the penalty of denial of parentalrights, placed under interdiction, declared dead or missing by a court law;rights, placed under interdiction, declared dead or missing by a court law;• the children mentioned above for whom the authorities did not find athe children mentioned above for whom the authorities did not find a fosterfosterfamily;family;• the abused or neglected children;the abused or neglected children;• the children abandoned inthe children abandoned in sanitary unitssanitary units by their mothers.by their mothers.The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly establishes,The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly establishes,through the Directorate for Child Protection, the legal framework of the fosterthrough the Directorate for Child Protection, the legal framework of the fosterparentparent profession.profession.The fosterThe foster parentparent is settled by the Government Decision no. 679/2003 concerningis settled by the Government Decision no. 679/2003 concerningthe conditions to obtain the license, the registration procedures and the statusthe conditions to obtain the license, the registration procedures and the statusof the fosterof the foster parentparent in Romania. On the first article of the Governmentin Romania. On the first article of the GovernmentDecision is established: the person registered in this condition that assures byDecision is established: the person registered in this condition that assures byhis own activity developed in his home the parenting, the education and thehis own activity developed in his home the parenting, the education and theconditions necessary for a harmoniously development of the children that theconditions necessary for a harmoniously development of the children that theperson has in placement.person has in placement.
  • 7. 06/02/1306/02/13Conditions to attainConditions to attain thethe licenselicense to become a fosterto become a fosterparentparent::a)a) To have the capacity to exercise all their rights;To have the capacity to exercise all their rights;b)b) To ensure, by his behavior in the society, his health and hisTo ensure, by his behavior in the society, his health and hispsychological profile, that could fulfill the proper obligationspsychological profile, that could fulfill the proper obligationsas a parent regarding the health, education and theas a parent regarding the health, education and thedevelopment of a child;development of a child;c)c) To have a house where he could prepare food, where theTo have a house where he could prepare food, where theconditions of hygiene, education and reposal areconditions of hygiene, education and reposal are adequateadequate notnotonly for him and his familyonly for him and his family needsneeds, but, but alsoalso for the children infor the children inplacement too;placement too;d)d) The person was trained by the public specialized service forThe person was trained by the public specialized service forchild protection or by a private organization authorized tochild protection or by a private organization authorized toevaluate the persons in order to give the foster family licenseevaluate the persons in order to give the foster family license
  • 8. 06/02/1306/02/13Who can not be a fosterWho can not be a foster family/parent:family/parent:a)a) A convicted person by a permanent decision for committing a crimeA convicted person by a permanent decision for committing a crimewith intention;with intention;b)b) The parentThe parent who was released from the exercise of his parental rightswho was released from the exercise of his parental rightsor who has abandoned his child and has been convicted for that;or who has abandoned his child and has been convicted for that;c)c) A person who suffer by a transmissible chronic diseases;A person who suffer by a transmissible chronic diseases;An employee can become a foster parent only if heAn employee can become a foster parent only if he/she/she gives upgives up to histo hisjob throughout he has this profession and provide these kinds ofjob throughout he has this profession and provide these kinds ofservices.services.The training curricula for this profession takes 60 hours and the terms ofThe training curricula for this profession takes 60 hours and the terms ofreference are made by the MLFSPE through the DCP (the expensesreference are made by the MLFSPE through the DCP (the expensesare remunerated by the public specialised service for childare remunerated by the public specialised service for childprotection or the NGO`s).protection or the NGO`s).After the evaluation, the personAfter the evaluation, the person who intendswho intends to become a fosterto become a foster parentparent,,fills up an application form at the commission for child protectionfills up an application form at the commission for child protectionfrom his residence.from his residence.
  • 9. 06/02/1306/02/13The family foster care licenseThe family foster care licenseTThe application form, filled by a person who wants to become ahe application form, filled by a person who wants to become a foster parentfoster parent,,includes information regardingincludes information regarding the maximum number of children that hethe maximum number of children that he/she/shecan be responsible of, the age and the sex of children and also the capabilitycan be responsible of, the age and the sex of children and also the capability forforcaring forcaring for children with disabilities or HIV.children with disabilities or HIV.The license can be renewThe license can be reneweded or suspended by theor suspended by the CCommission forommission for CChildhild PProtection,rotection,based on thebased on the motivation of the public specialised service for child protectionmotivation of the public specialised service for child protectionwhich has the responsibility to supervise the activity of the foster family.which has the responsibility to supervise the activity of the foster family.Different aspects:Different aspects:If a fosterIf a foster parentparent changes his residence, the license will be renewchanges his residence, the license will be reneweded by the publicby the publicspecialised service for child protection which activates in the area of his newspecialised service for child protection which activates in the area of his newresidence, taking into consideration the first conditions. In this case, it is notresidence, taking into consideration the first conditions. In this case, it is notnecessary to train the person again.necessary to train the person again.The activity of the fosterThe activity of the foster parentparent isis establishedestablished by a special contract, specific for theby a special contract, specific for thechild protectionchild protection fieldfield,, while the salaries are paidwhile the salaries are paid by the PSSCP or by the NGO,by the PSSCP or by the NGO,which has thewhich has the thethe obligation to lead and carry through the activity of the fosterobligation to lead and carry through the activity of the fosterfamily.family.For each child that he isFor each child that he is cared forcared for, the FFC signs a Convention,, the FFC signs a Convention, which becomes anwhich becomes anannex to hisannex to his labourlabour contract.contract.
  • 10. 06/02/1306/02/13The Content of the ConventionThe Content of the Conventiono Information regarding the child: identity, ethnic origin and religion,Information regarding the child: identity, ethnic origin and religion,personal and family situation, medical situation, his special needs,personal and family situation, medical situation, his special needs,etc;etc;o TheThe informationinformation mentioned in thementioned in the CourtCourt decision of placement;decision of placement;o The placement objectives;The placement objectives;o TheThe measuresmeasures aimed at ensuringaimed at ensuring the contact between the child andthe contact between the child andhis natural parents;his natural parents;o The conditions and steps that have to be followedThe conditions and steps that have to be followed in order toin order to givegivethe child to adoption;the child to adoption;o The procedure regarding the supervisiThe procedure regarding the supervision ofon of the foster family andthe foster family andthe quarterlythe quarterly evaluation;evaluation;o The rights and responsibilities for both parts of the ConventionThe rights and responsibilities for both parts of the Convention
  • 11. 06/02/1306/02/13What is the General Directorate fWhat is the General Directorate foror Social Assistance andSocial Assistance andChild ProtectionChild ProtectionThe GDSACP represents the public institution subordinated to theThe GDSACP represents the public institution subordinated to theCounty Council or to the local councils of the sectors ofCounty Council or to the local councils of the sectors ofBucharest.Bucharest.The GDSACP was settled out in 2005 by reorganizing the PublicThe GDSACP was settled out in 2005 by reorganizing the PublicSpecialised Service for Child Protection (settled out in 1997) andSpecialised Service for Child Protection (settled out in 1997) andthe Public Service of Social Assistance, subordinated to thethe Public Service of Social Assistance, subordinated to thecounty council.county council.What are the responsibilities of a GDSACP?What are the responsibilities of a GDSACP?Follows the strategies and policies regarding child rights protection,Follows the strategies and policies regarding child rights protection,single persons, elderly or persons with disabilities and othersingle persons, elderly or persons with disabilities and otherpersons in need andpersons in need and provides for their application at local levelprovides for their application at local level..Regarding child rights protection, the GDSACP is taking a numberRegarding child rights protection, the GDSACP is taking a numberof actions, such as:of actions, such as:
  • 12. 06/02/1306/02/13The GDSACP responsibilities:The GDSACP responsibilities: Makes the first evaluation of the child and his family andMakes the first evaluation of the child and his family andprovidesprovides special measures of protection;special measures of protection; Monitors at every three months the situation of the child that is inMonitors at every three months the situation of the child that is inthe special protection system;the special protection system; Identifies and assesses the families and persons that want and canIdentifies and assesses the families and persons that want and cantake a child in placement;take a child in placement; Monitors the families and persons who have children inMonitors the families and persons who have children inplacement through all that period of time;placement through all that period of time; Identifies, evaluates and prepares persons who can becomeIdentifies, evaluates and prepares persons who can become aafoster family/foster parentfoster family/foster parent;; Elaborates and signs the contracts with persons who wants toElaborates and signs the contracts with persons who wants tobecomebecome foster families/foster parentsfoster families/foster parents and organises theand organises the trainingtrainingsessionssessions for this kind of profession, and also evaluates andfor this kind of profession, and also evaluates andmonitors themonitors theirir activity.activity.
  • 13. By 31 december 2012 in GDSACP were 32.413By 31 december 2012 in GDSACP were 32.413 individual, wherebyindividual, whereby::-- 4.387 (13,53%) the GDSACP employees;4.387 (13,53%) the GDSACP employees;- 12.383 (38,20%) foster care;- 12.383 (38,20%) foster care;- 12.854 (39,67%) residential services employees;- 12.854 (39,67%) residential services employees;- 2.789 (8,60%) day care services employees.- 2.789 (8,60%) day care services employees.06/02/1306/02/1313.53%38.20%39.67%8.60%- aparatul propriu - asistenţi maternali profesionişti- centre de plasament - alte servicii
  • 14. 06/02/1306/02/13Thank you!Thank you!☺☺