Depok Car Free Day Initiative:Towards a Less Polluted Future      A.A. Sg. Dwinta Kuntaladara             Jaqualine Lukman...
Chapter I                                          Introduction1.1 Research Topic    The Ministry of Enviroment of Indones...
analyzed through comparation with similar case and in-depth study using theoretical   framework on sustainable city. Peopl...
Chapter II                                                 Findings2.1. Depok as a Sustainable City     There are many des...
d. For already existing cities, energy demands need to be reduced by 75% and achieve        an energy supply based on rene...
volume of vehicles, does not have the necessary instruments to measure the quality of    air.8 The head of Badan Lingkunga...
2.4. Car Free Day Schemes in JakartaThere are a lot of complaints and criticisms about the pollution of Jakarta. The pollu...
Seeing the facts of high pollution level, Jakarta Car-Free Day was first initiated in the capitalof Indonesia in the year ...
2.5. Car Free Day Initiatives in Depok     Jakarta’s Car Free Day is considered to be quite successful in decreasing the p...
chances of the people of Depok becoming more demanding for eco-friendly schemes in     other forms will also increase.    ...
with private vehicles, but also drivers of public transportations like buses and angkot.    Socialisation to the drivers o...
are questions whose answers are already determined by the researchers. Open question(no.6)    leaves space for respondents...
No          Yes                 0   4     8      12 16 20 24 28 32 36 404. Do you agree on Car Free Day program being held...
Sunday  Saturday    Friday   Monday             0   4       8       12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40Once a month (17)Twice a month ...
As seen on the answer no.1, 80% of the respondents (32 people) think that the aircondition of Depok is poor. Half of the t...
Some of the respondents chose twice a month (6 people). While Small minorityanswers twice a week month (1) and everyday (1...
From this survey, we can conclude that the proposal that would like to be proposedrelated to this initiative is: having ca...
Chapter III                                          ConclusionBased on the findings of this research, it can be concluded...
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Depok Car Free Day Initiative: A Proposal

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Transcript of "Depok Car Free Day Initiative: A Proposal"

  1. 1. Depok Car Free Day Initiative:Towards a Less Polluted Future A.A. Sg. Dwinta Kuntaladara Jaqualine Lukman M. Iman Usman International Relations Department Faculty of Social and Political Science Universitas Indonesia 2012 1
  2. 2. Chapter I Introduction1.1 Research Topic The Ministry of Enviroment of Indonesia has announced in the year 2005 that Depok is the dirtiest metropolitant city in the country along side Tangerang and Palembang. 1 This is due to several factors, with air pollution and waste disposal being the two main reasons. The level of air pollution in this city is significantly high, above the average of 50%.2 This shows that, indeed, the main problem with Depok’s environment lies within its air. Having both present and future generation at stake caused by the seriousness of air pollution, this research will take upon the topic of “Depok Car-Free Day” as an attempt to address the problem and bring Depok to a more sustainable future.1.2 Research Focus This research will focus on the discussion of the problems of high pollution in Depok and the feasibility of the implementation of Depok Car-Free day as one of the possible solution to reduce the impact of the problem itself.1.3 Research Objectives The project is conducted to identify the problems of pollution in Depok, and to raise the awareness about high pollution level mainly caused by carbon emission of vehicles notably in the area of Depok. The unbearable level of pollution emphasizes the need to have a car free day in Depok. At the same time, it is expected that this project will become a recommendation for possible solution to the government of Depok and stakeholders in reducing the pollution level. At the end, this project will invoke a change in society’s lifestyle as a step to help reduce pollution in Depok.1.4 Research Methods This research will be conducted through literature survey to search comprehensive data of traffic flow and the amount of private vehicles, and also pollution level in Depok. In addition of literature survey, there will be a filed study by survey. The datas will be1 “Kota Terkotor di Indonesia”, accessed fromhttp://www.menlh.go.id/home/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1610%3A%3Cb%3EKOTA-TERKOTOR-DI-INDONESIA%3C%2Fb%3E&catid=43%3Aberita&Itemid=73&lang=en2 “Depok Butuh Car-Free Day”, accessed from http://www.rintisyanto.com/?p=751 2
  3. 3. analyzed through comparation with similar case and in-depth study using theoretical framework on sustainable city. People in Margonda Raya Street will be surveyed to see their aspiration about the feasibility of car free day in Depok.1.5 Research Timeline The project will be conducted through this expected timeline: Week 1 – Week 2 : Literature survey Week 3 : Site visit Week 4 : Survey to people in Margonda Raya street Week 5 : Data processing and group discussion Week 6 – Week 7 : Finalizing the project report Week 8 : Proposing the recommendation to relevant stakeholders 3
  4. 4. Chapter II Findings2.1. Depok as a Sustainable City There are many descriptions that define the term “sustainable city”. The term itself goes beyond the boundaries of science and business to include the thoughts given towards human development, values, and differences in cultures.3 The inclusion of human development, values and many things at the same time refers back to the concept of sustainable development. This term is widely understood as the development that meets the needs of the present without comprimising the ability of future generations to meet their own (Brundtland Commission).4 With the development and advancement of awareness and technology, the concept of sustainable development has been taken to one step closer to the lives of humans in one of their smallest areas of living: their city. The Sustainable City concept was developed by Sweco for the 2002 World Summit of Sustainable Development in Johannesburg on behalf of the Swedish Government through the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of the Environment and the Swedish environmental technology industry by way of the Swedish Trade Council.5 The objective of creating this concept was to promote a sustainable development of cities – in economic, social, ecological and spatial dimensions. Sweden has shown that the concept of a sustainable city is not an easy concept to realise. In fact, it takes numerous steps for a city to be thoroughly sustainable. This can be seen from the many criterias that need to be fulfilled such as the ones below:6 a. In a sustainable city, the use of renewable recources is emphasized. b. Consumption is minimized and resources are managed in a way that maximizes recovery and reuse. c. There should be synergies between sewage, waste and energy production and enable coordination with efficient land use, landscape planning and transport systems.3 “What is a Sustainable City?”, in Regional Environmental Center Archieve, accessed fromhttp://archive.rec.org/REC/Programs/Sustainablecities/What.html.4 Ibid.5 SWECO, Sustainable City Development: the Sweco Approach, p. 1.6 Ibid. 4
  5. 5. d. For already existing cities, energy demands need to be reduced by 75% and achieve an energy supply based on renewables. Although there are only four points shown above, but these points mean a lot when it is being implemented in real life. They are difficult, but we need to believe that it is not an impossible thing to achieve. If these criterias are related to the condition of Depok nowadays, it is a sad thing to say that the city is still very far away from becoming a sustainable city. Depok does not currently emphasize on the use of renewable resources. This city does not regulate the minimization of non-renewable resources, nor does it regulate the reduction of consumption. If in any case, Depok seems to be generating more and more consumption of non-renewable resources. The third criteria is perhaps the clearest one to judge in Depok. There are no synergies between sewage, waste and energy production. Land-use efficiencies cannot be seen in Depok seeing as the roads alone do not seem to be planned to serve the shortest routes to users. Over all, if Depok is to be transformed into a sustainable city, there are many things that need to be done. But this condition should not let heads down and give up on the concept of a sustainable Depok. The transformation of Depok becoming a sustainable city can be started from the reduction of the rate of pollution of this city, one day at a time.2.2. Air Pollution in Depok On 26th October 2011 the online site for quick information on Depok showed the rate of the town’s air pollution. According to the Badan Lingkungan Hidup (The Environmental Body), the rate of air pollution in Depok has reached 30%. This rate concluded based on researches towards 100 samples of vehichles, both private and public, in the most dense spots like Jalan Raya Bogor, Cinere, Sawangan, and Margonda. From each spot, 100 vehicles were targetted as the sample for the research. It showed that 30% of the total amount of vehicles are emmiting and causing air pollution.7 Unfortunately, the measurement above shows the exact condition that was published a month earlier. The newspaper Tempo published that Depok, a city with a very large7 Icha, “Tingkat Pencemaran Udara di Depok 30 Persen”, in Depoklik, accessed fromhttp://depoklik.com/2011/10/26/tingkat-pencemaran-udara-di-depok-30-persen.html 5
  6. 6. volume of vehicles, does not have the necessary instruments to measure the quality of air.8 The head of Badan Lingkungan Hidup Depok (Depok Environmental Body) Rahmat Subagja, confirmed this to be the status quo of the city. Even if the condition of the environment is degrading in very obvious patterns, the city’s government is in no plan to purchase the necessary instruments. Unfortunately, the municipal government stated that they cannot afford to buy the needed instrument. Due to the price that reaches up to Rp 8 billion per instrument, the government of this city is still reluctant to purchase the instruments needed. The economic reason becomes the obstacle to be a more environmental friendly city.2.3. Transportations in Depok One of the main contributor of air pollution is undoubtly vehicles, both public and private. Table 1: List of registered vehicles in Depok 98 ANGGA SUKMA WIJAYA,” Depok Belum Punya Alat Pengukur Kualitas Udara“ , in Tempo, accessed fromhttp://www.tempo.co/read/news/2011/09/24/083358028/Depok-Belum-Punya-Alat-Pengukur-Kualitas-Udara9 “List of Registered Vehicles in Depok”http://www.depok.go.id/_v4/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=187&Itemid=26 6
  7. 7. 2.4. Car Free Day Schemes in JakartaThere are a lot of complaints and criticisms about the pollution of Jakarta. The pollutionmainly refers to outcomes from transportations. As a capital city and the center of Indonesianeconomic activities, Jakarta is a busy city where approximately 12,1 million vehicles makinga trip everyday10, where 700.000 of them come from outside Jakarta. Aside from worseningtraffic jams, air pollution is one of the problem regarding the circulation of vehicles. The poorquality of public transportation is one of the main contributor of Jakarta’s pollution level. Alot of over-aged bus, angkot, mini bus produces a high amount of CO2 emissions. As a matterof fact, Jakarta is third on the list of the world’s most polluted cities, according to theIndonesian Environmental Ministry11.The pollution level is clearly unbearable for its residents. UNEP records a poor air quality inJakarta, with an annual average suspended particulate matter (SPM) concentration of 103 12mg/m3. This poor air quality threats the health of the Jakartans and increases the risk ofvarious diseases and defects to infants. UNEP lists numerous health risks caused by airpollution Table 2: Health Effects in Jakarta1310 “ 700 ribu Kendaraan per Hari Masuk Jakarta” accessed from http://metro.vivanews.com/news/read/234147-700-ribu-kendaraan-per-hari-masuk-jakarta11 Muhammad Jusuf “Jakarta Was The Most Polluted City in The World” accessed fromhttp://www.allvoices.com/contributed-news/6178490-jakarta-was-the-most-polluted-city-in-the-world12 “UNEP Toolkit” accessed from http://www.unep.org/tnt-unep/toolkit/Awareness/Tool4/index.html13 Ibid. 7
  8. 8. Seeing the facts of high pollution level, Jakarta Car-Free Day was first initiated in the capitalof Indonesia in the year 2008. This activity was launched as a scheme to reduce the airpollution due to emissions from vehicles. Aside from that, it was also launched to createawareness amongst the people of Jakarta to fight for a cleaner air. The Jakarta residents havea role to implement less-pollution lifestyle.After three years of implementation, this activity is planned to expand from once a month tobecome a once-a-week activity. Complementing the Jakarta Car Free Days, Jakarta GovernorFauzi Bowo initiated the expansion along side the city’s 484th anniversary on 22th June2011. The new scheme adopts the odd-even numbered plates, where on one weekend onlyodd numbered plates will be allowed on the streets. Even numbered plates will be allowed onthe next week. This pattern will be done over and over again. The plates restriction isexpected to reduce the traffic jams and also pollution level.The people of Jakarta so far have been giving positive reactions and feedbacks regarding theschemes of Car Free Day. Even though at the beginning, the program received protests fromthe society, now Car Free Day is a popular among the Jakarta citizens. Car Free Day is agreat opportunity to exercise and socialize in emission free area. In fact, the idea of car freedays being expanded came from the society.14The car free days initiatives that were first held in Jakarta have created various reactions. Thefirst reaction is that the people of Jakarta are pleased to have days where they can see emptystreets and bike with their families and friends. Aside from that, the dust parameter (PM-10),carbon monoxide parameter, and the nitrogen monoxide parameter have decreased since carfree days were initiated. The Head of Pollution Control Department (Kasubdit PengendalianPencemaran Sumber Kegiatan BPLHD) Rina Surya announced in 2009 that based on themeasurements of car free day intitiatives the amunt of dust in Jakarta has the decreased by40%, the amount of carbon monoxide by 63%, and the amount of nitrogen monoxide by71%.1514 _____, “Jakarta’s Car Free Day to be Expanded”, in Jakarta Globe, accessed fromhttp://www.thejakartaglobe.com/home/jakartas-car-free-day-to-be-expanded/44779315 _____, “Car Free Day Langkah Efektif Kurangi Dampak Pemanasan Global”, in Leadership Park, accessedfrom http://www.leadership-park.com/new/action/car-free-day-langkah-efektif-kurangi-dampak-pemanasan-global.html 8
  9. 9. 2.5. Car Free Day Initiatives in Depok Jakarta’s Car Free Day is considered to be quite successful in decreasing the pollution level and giving the chance for Jakartans to do outdoor activities without vehichles passing by. In general, the Jakarta residences give a good response to this twice-a-month program. The success of Jakarta’s Car Free Day inspires people to have another Car Free Day in their region. One of the groups who have demanded the Car Free Day is the Bellacasa Bicycle Community (BBC). The BBC were on a weekly biking activity on the 15th May 2011 in Depok and demanded for a Car Free Day to be held once a week in this city. The Depok Car Free Day will be good for the city, as the program will help eliminating pollution in a low-cost way and providing comfortable space to do outdoor activities. This demand for Car Free Day is suggested to Badan Lingkungan Hidup (Environmental Governmental Body), to be later forwarded to Head of DPRD (municipality) of Depok. The Head of DPRD Depok, Rintis Yanto said that Depok City indeed needs a Car Free Day. He said that the children of Depok deserves the rights to fresh air, clean environment and a guarantee for good health.16 Considering the high level of pollution in Depok, a Car Free Day program is necessity.2.6 Cost and Benefit Analysis Depok Car Free Day initiative has several benefits that are quite obvious. For starters, this initiative will allow the beginning of a pollution reduction scheme that can continuously be done in the city. Having several hours of car free moments in this city will allow the people of Depok to enjoy physical activities like sport in places they could not have before. Another benefit for the people is that there will be an increase of awareness of the pollution issues that exists in Depok. The more the car free days are implemented, the more people will be exposed to the understanding that something must be done to overcome the pollution. Pressure from the people might help urge the government of Depok to create more assisting programs to address other environmental issues. Aside from that, the more the people are exposed to that understanding, the16 Riris Yanto, “Depok Butuh Car Free Day”, accessed from http://www.rintisyanto.com/berita/depok-butuh-car-free-day/ 9
  10. 10. chances of the people of Depok becoming more demanding for eco-friendly schemes in other forms will also increase. In implementing this initiative, learning from Solo Car Free Day best practice, we need to engage various communities, such as onthel bycycle community, Bike to Work, Bus Mania Community, or KRL Mania Community. Their participation will be very important, particularly at the early process of the implementation, because it could attract people to join. Car Free Day is not an anti car program, but it is supposed to be a program that promotes the awareness of towards various forms of alternative transportations, and energy. This activity will promote the renovation of public transportation, bicycle route, as well as pedestrian. In fact it was happening in Solo case, after the launching of Car Free Day program, there is an increasing number of the use of bicycle and demand for having a special route for bicycle user. Now it has 26,774 km special route for bicycle user.17 It also suggest the society who has working place near to their house or shops to go by walking. This will create benefits for the environment because people will have more initiative to save the environment. These are the benefits that will hopefully come along with the implementation of a Depok Car Free Day initiative. But when there are benefits, there are also costs that need to be calculated. In creating this initiative, there ares everal costs that can also become the threats to the implementation of Depok Car Free days. First of all, the problem with the alternative routes for private vehicles need to be considered when implementing such intiative. After considering some options, we think, for those who want to travel to Jakarta, might the access of Juanda Street to go via Cimanggis. Or another proposal that might be considered is, accelerating the implementation of Boulevard UI, so people may access Jakarta via Universitas Indonesia street (and it is only available for bus). Second, there are several vital places in large streets of Depok such as the Bunda Margonda Hospitan on Jalan Margonda. The accessibility of places such as this needs to be considered so that the initiative does not hamper the people of Depok from reaching them. Third, and perhaps the most challenging cost, is the socialisation of this initiative to the users of Depok streets. We understand that the users of the streets in Depok are not only people17 Bambang Aris Sasongko, Car Free Day Transportasi Humanis, in Solo Pos, 11-6-2011, accessed fromhttp://www.solopos.com/2011/kolom/car-free-day-transportasi-humanis-102350 10
  11. 11. with private vehicles, but also drivers of public transportations like buses and angkot. Socialisation to the drivers of these public transportation will take time and is very much exposed to the chances of being protested. Apart from the drivers of those public transportations, we also need extensive socialisation to the people of Depok in general. For the overcoming of this cost, media is needed to spread the words on the implementation of this initiative. As soon as this program runs well and get a good response, we think we can adapt what Brussel has done through their Brussel Car Free Day. It is absolute car free day, since along the day, there is no private vehicles operating in all of the streets. Though, all public transports such as bus and train are available to be used even for free during this particular day. We do agree with this long term vision, because the essence of car free day actually is not to move the traffic to another street because one street just being closed. But the essence is to reduce the number of use of private vehicles, and people prefer to use public transport. But to implement this idea in Depok, of course there are lot of things to be prepared, particularly with the infrastructure and environmental education to build people awareness at the first. We need to realise that when we are analysing the costs of an initiative, it is only valid when we have completed the analysis with surveys done to the people that will take part in the initiative. We need to know what other people think of our initiative. That is why we have also conducted surveys to people as representatives of the people of Depok. The outcome of the surveys will be explained in the next sub-chapter.2.7 Analysis of Survey The sections above have shown the analysis of the writers concerning the idea of implementing a Depok Car Free Day initiative. Since this scheme will include the people of Depok in its implementation, it would only be fair if we also include their thoughts representatively in this report. This section will report the results of our survey. The survey asked 40 respondeds who are found in randomly. They are included students, lecturers, security officers, employers, ordinary passerby who reside or do their main activities in Depok. The survey used a combination between closed and open questions. Closed questions (no.1-5) 11
  12. 12. are questions whose answers are already determined by the researchers. Open question(no.6) leaves space for respondents to express their thought freely in answeringquestion. The open question is used to help the researchers in analyzing the feasibility ofCar Free Day program in Depok.1. How is the air condition in Depok? a. Very poor (16) d.Good (3) b. Poor (16) e.Very good(0) c. Fair (5) Very poor Poor Fair Good Very good 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 402. How do the vehicles contribute to air condition in Depok? a. Very poor (17) d. Good (0) b. Poor (21) e. Very good (0) c. Fair (2) Very poor Poor Fair Good Very good 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 403. Have you ever heard about Car Free Day Initiative in Depok? a. Yes (5) b. No (35) 12
  13. 13. No Yes 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 404. Do you agree on Car Free Day program being held in Depok? a. Strongly disagree (0) d. Agree (23) b. Diasgree (3) e. Strongly agree (11) c. Neutral (3) Strongly disagree Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly agree 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 405. Do you believe that Car Free Day program has positive impact on air condition in Depok? a. Strongly disbelieve (0) d.Believe (26) b. Disbelieve (5) e. Strongly believe (1) c. Neutral(8) Strongly believe Believe Neutral Disbelieve Strongly disbelieve 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 406. The ideal time, location and frequency of Car Free Day according to you: Monday(3) Friday(1) Saturday(7) Sunday (29) 13
  14. 14. Sunday Saturday Friday Monday 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40Once a month (17)Twice a month (6)Every week (15)Twice a week (1)Every day (1) Everyday Twice a week Every week Twice a month Once a month 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40Don’t know (2)Margonda (35)Regularly changed (1)All Depok area (1)Lenteng Agung-Depok (1) Dont know All Depok area Lenteng Agung-Depok Regularly changed Margonda Raya 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 14
  15. 15. As seen on the answer no.1, 80% of the respondents (32 people) think that the aircondition of Depok is poor. Half of the them (40%) even think the air condition isvery poor. Only a small amount of respondents don’t think the air condition is poor (5 respondents for “fair” answer” and 3 respondents for “good” answer).In the question number 2, 95% of respondents believe that vehicles like cars,motorcycles, buses, and angkot contribute pollution which damages air condition inDepok. 17 of the 38 respondents think gives a very bad impact to the air condition inDepok. No one answers that vehichles give positive impact. Only 2 people answersvehicles has no impact on the air condition.As much as 87,5 % respondents never heard about Car Free day Initiative in Depok.This signified the lack of enthusiasm of Car Free Day among the decision maker ofdecision maker in the municipality. However, 5 people has heard about the initiativeof Car Free Day in Depok.That is why 85% (34 people) support the initiative of Car Free Day in Depok. 11 ofthem are strongly agree abut Car Free Day being held in Depok. 3 people are neutralabout it and 3 people disagree about the car Free Day program.More than half of the respondents (67,5%) believe that Car Free Day will havepositive impact on air condition in Depok. 8 of them don’t really believe about thepositive impact. 5 of the respondents are doubtful about the success of the program onreducing air pollution.The last question reveals the personal preference about the time, location, andfrequency of Depok Car Free day. The respondents answer Friday, Saturday, Sunday,and Monday as the best days to conduct Car Free Day. Most of the respondents(72,5%) picked a holiday as people’s daily activities won’t be disturbed by thestoppage of vehicles passing by.On the frequency of car free day, the respondents answer once a month, twice amonth, once a week, twice a week, and every day. The respondents generally are splitbetween those who favor for once a month (17 people) and once a week (15 people). 15
  16. 16. Some of the respondents chose twice a month (6 people). While Small minorityanswers twice a week month (1) and everyday (1)35 of 40 people consider Margonda Raya Street the most suitable location for CarFree Day , as it is the main street of Depok which flows of vehicles highlyconcentrates. 1 person opts for Lenteng Agung-Depok route, 1 for the whole Depokarea, and 1 thinks the location should be changed every event. 2 people don’t knowwhich is the best part of Depok to be conducted a Car Free Day.To conclude the above survey, most of the respondents agree that the air condition inDepok is poor. The pollution from vehicles is one of the main factor that contributesto poor condition. Majority of the respondents are never heard about Car Free Dayinitiative. The respondents will respond positively about Car Free Day initiative andbelieve it will reduce the air pollution level significantly. Car Free Day is preferred tobe held on Sunday in Margonda Street. The frequency is either once a month or oncea week.35 of 40 people consider Margonda Raya Street the most suitable location for CarFree Day, as it is the main street of Depok which flows of vehicles highlyconcentrates. 1 person opts for Lenteng Agung-Depok route, 1 for the whole Depokarea, and 1 thinks the location should be changed every event. 2 people don’t knowwhich is the best part of Depok to be conducted a Car Free Day. 87,5 % respondentsnever heard about Car Free day Initiative in Depok. This signified the lack ofenthusiasm of Car Free Day among the decision maker of decision maker in themunicipality. However, 5 people has heard about the initiative of Car Free Day inDepok.To conclude the above survey, most of the respondents agree that the air condition inDepok is poor. The pollution from vehicles is one of the main factor that contributesto poor condition. Majority of the respondents are never heard about Car Free Dayinitiative. The respondents will respond positively about Car Free Day initiative andbelieve it will reduce the air pollution level significantly. Car Free Day is preferred tobe held on Sunday in Margonda Street. The frequency is either once a month or oncea week. 16
  17. 17. From this survey, we can conclude that the proposal that would like to be proposedrelated to this initiative is: having car free day once a month at Jalan MargondaRaya every Sunday of the fourth week from 8 am to 12 am. While the access isbeing closed, people could use the street for doing sport activities. If they want to gosomewhere, the public transport is available (which is the train). We think this idea isvery visible to be implemented since based on Jakarta’s Car Free Day experience, itwill reduce the tendency for people for going out on Sunday morning, promotes theuse of public transport, and increase people’s sport activities. 17
  18. 18. Chapter III ConclusionBased on the findings of this research, it can be concluded that Depok is still very far awayfrom becoming a sustainable city. Just from looking at one aspect, the aspect of air pollution,Depok can be judged as a city that does not take environmental issues as a vital aspect of life.The level of air pollution in Depok is extremely high. But unfortunately, this problem is notaddressed properly by the government. The city does not have proper mechanisms orinstruments to measure the rate of pollution. But unfortunately this condition is not addressedproperly by the government because it concerns the financial cost if the city was to purchasethe instruments needed. Looking at the condition of lack of political will from thegovernment of this city, this research comes up with an intiative to reduce the level ofpolution in Depok. The initiative is to implement Depok Car Free Days on certian streets inthis city. Surveys have been conducted to collect the representation of thoughts and opinionsof the people in Depok concerning this initiative. From that survey, it has been concluded thatthe people of Depok prefer our initiative to be implemented once a month at JalanMargonda Raya every Sunday of the fourth week from 8 am to 12 am. The concerns oftravelling on those days can be overcomed by other means of transportation, which is thetrain that will not be impacted at all by the Depok Car Free Day initiative. Aside from that,this initiative will only take several hours, not for the whole day. Therefore, people can adjusttheir schedulles much easier. 18

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