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Canis Lupus
 

Canis Lupus

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    Canis Lupus Canis Lupus Presentation Transcript

    • Arctic Wolf By Iman Luther
    • Scientific Classification
      • Kingdom animalia,
      • phylum chordata,
      • class mammalia,
      • order carnivora,
      • family canidae,
      • genus canis,
      • species lupus
    • Habitat
      • Live in the High Artic
        • North America
        • Greenland
        • North Pole
      • Maintain white coat year round
    • What They Eat
      • Are carnivors
      • Primary eat musk oxen, caribou, and arctic hares
      • Hunt in small packs of 2-3 wolves
    • Characteristics
      • Have 2 coats of fur
        • Top coat is oily so that it is water resistant
        • Undercoat is thick to insulate heat
      • Smaller than most most wolves
        • Have smaller ears and noses to maintain heat
      • Large wooly paws that are webbed
        • Helps tread over snow quietly and efficiently
    • Characteristics
      • Pups are born with one coat of fur but are blind. When their eyes first open they are blue and then change to yellow at 6 months
      • Feed from mothers breast milk and regurgitated food
      • Are weaned at 2-4 months
    • Behaviors
      • Mate during the summer months
        • Only time when there is some grass on the ground
        • The time when there is the most food available
      • Have small packs that consist of…
        • Alpha male, Alpha female, Yearlings, and new born pups
        • Maximum 8 wolves to a pack
        • Will sometimes adopt a stray wolf as a step parent
    • Behaviors
      • Alpha status is automatic once a wolf has mated
      • An alpha male has dominance over every other wolf but an alpha female has dominance over every wolf but the male
      • Wolf packs behave differently when there are pups and when there are not
    • Howling
      • Wolf howls are a wolf’s communication to one
      • another. Their specific pitch
      • and tone is audible through
      • thick woods and high pitched
      • winds. It can let a hunting
      • party know that the rendez
      • vous spot has been changed
      • or the marking of territory
      • Large packs of wolfs will howl more than smaller packs this is because smaller packs have less competition for territory
    • Mating
      • Mating season is during the summer months of june, july, and august
      • Both male and female wolves are wanderers until they find a mate
      • Sexually mature at 2-3 years old
      • Female will birth 2-4 pups at one time
      • Dominance issues are rare because packs stay so small in order to have enough food for everyone.
    • Social Dominance
      • A demonstration of social dominance is when a wolf stands
      • over a sitting wolf. The sitting wolf will have their ears
      • tucked back, and standing wolf will have ears erect and tail horizontal
      • A dominant stance when a couple is about to mate is the
      • female will lay on her side with her legs stretched out and
      • the male will sniff her genitals.
      • Submitting to the alpha male or female simply means
      • that they are trying to be friendly and are not showing any
      • type of challenge to their dominance.
      • Active submission is demonstrated when a younger wolf
      • is begging for food from either one of the alphas. They will
      • approach the alphas with their ears tucked back head
      • lowered horizontally and their tail wagging, then they will
      • “ lick up”.the alpha will choose to regurgitate food or not.
    • Social Dominance
      • Licking up
        • Licking up is when a wolf approaches an alpha in active submission and licks the mouth of the alpha like a kiss.
      • Passive submission is like the submission a female will do for a male before they mate. The wolf will lay on its back or side and the alpha will sniff its genitals. “Standing over” is a wolf’s way of affectionately hugging
    • Hunting
      • Alpha male and female will hunt separate from the yearlings
      • Both will hunt for 2-3 hour intervals will rarely leave pups alone
      • Newly born pups will only be left in a hidden den when food is scarce
      • The wolves will only keep coming back to the same den for a maximum of 2 weeks so that their scent is not picked up but predators.
    • How do wolf packs act differently when there are pups and when there aren’t
      • When a wolf pack has pups the yearlings, which are the wolves that are 1-2 years old, are more independent and leave the pack to mate and make their own packs earlier.
      • Alpha male and alpha female do not hunt with yearlings and spend more time on providing food for the pups
      • Yearlings will also regurgitate food for the pups
    • When wolf packs do not have pups
      • Yearlings will stay with the pack longer
      • Alpha male and female will regurgitate food to them if they beg
      • Yearlings will hunt with alpha male and female
      • Yearlings will sleep in close vicinity to each other like young pups who need more warmth until their second coat grows.
    • Bibiliography
      • http://www.galleryone.com/images/brenders/brenders_-_tundra_summit-arctic_wolves.JPG
      • http://www.itsnature.org/Ice/images/article-images/arctic-wolf.jpg
      • http://www.asij.ac.jp/elementary/projects/3-s/webgame/milesb/arcticwolf1.jpg
      • http://animals.timduru.org/dirlist/wolf/Arctic%20Wolf.jpg
      • http://fangedwolf.tripod.com/ArcticWolfpup.jpg
      • http://fangedwolf.tripod.com/ArcticwolfOK.jpg
      • http://grannevacation.s3.amazonaws.com/2007_summer_plains/20070701_sunday/20070701_bear_country_elk_solo_640x480.jpg