<ul><li>Concept of Text </li></ul>The concept of hypertext was initially pioneered by Bush,<br />who is known as the “grandfather” of hypertext, in 1945.<br />Modern computers, furthermore, allow us to expand the <br />notion of text to include not only texts and pictures as in <br />printed texts, but also sound, music, animation and video in<br />single hypertext system.<br />
<ul><li> What is Hypertext?</li></ul>In general sense, hypertext means non-sequential <br />reading and writing. A hypertext system allows a user to <br />link information together, thereby creating trails <br />through associated materials. A link connects words or <br />Sentences in one electronic document to relate <br />information in another document. Look at figure 1 : <br />Contents <br />A<br />B<br />C<br />
Hypertext and Hypermedia <br />As a matter of fact, hypermedia is similar to hypertext. <br />the only distinction is that instead of linking just text, <br />users can link to other media, such as graphic, video, <br />spreadsheet, animation as well as sound. In short, users<br />of hypermedia systems can link together information of <br />any media type provided by current technology. <br />
Advantages of Hypertext <br /><ul><li> ease of tracing references
Collaboration </li></li></ul><li>Problems with Hypertext <br />Conklin had the opinion that: <br />Along with the power to organize information much <br />more complexly comes the problem of having to know: <br /><ul><li>Where you are in the network and
How to get to some other place that you know (or think) exists in the network. He call this the “disorientation” problem. </li></li></ul><li>Hypertext Application <br />Due to the capability of the hypertext system as a <br />computer medium (this enables users to navigate and <br />browse information), the application of hypertext is, <br />now, being developed. Some of hypertext applications <br />are listed below: <br /><ul><li>Business
Personal learning </li></li></ul><li>Application of Hypertext in education <br />The hypertext can be utilized for educational purposes, <br />such as for creating a personal learning tutorial which is <br />commonly known as the computer assisted learning <br />(CAL). The application of hypertext for educational <br />purposes, especially for creating the CAL, is due to its<br />Interactive capability and flexibility. <br />
Hypertext in language learning <br />The increasing interest to apply hypertext system for <br />language learning and teaching purposes is due to the <br />capability of hypertext-interactive capability and flexibility-<br />as a computer medium .<br />As a matter of fact, hypertext system can be implemented in<br />learning of all languages skills – listening, speaking, reading,<br />and writing – and also language aspects (components), such <br />as vocabulary or grammar. <br />
Conclusion <br />The hypertext system is the effective way to learn language.<br />It can link some information available that wants to be<br />opened by the users without starting from the first <br />document sequentially, in other word, the users can <br />choose any information of their own interest non-sequentially. <br />Hypertext links provide unique benefits to hypertext readers <br />believe that hypertext links help readers make connections, <br />generate novel associations, facilitate collaboration, assure<br />future orientation, and enhance learning.<br />
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