What are Phrasal Verbs?!
1. A phrasal verb is a verb plus a particle
I ran into my teacher at the movies last night.
>> run + into (= meet)
Verb + particle = phrasal verb
Particles Vs. Prepositions
Particles are identical to prepositions in appearance but act
Particles effect the meaning of the phrasal verb. Prepositions
do not change the meanings of their proceeding verbs and
are independent of them.
Particle: Max ran up the bill. (run up = to make larger)
Preposition: Max ran up the hill. (run keeps its normal meaning in
Particle: I looked up your number online. (=searched)
Preposition: I looked up to see the helicopter in the sky.
(=actually looked up towards the sky)
So, particles change the meaning of a verb, but
prepositions DO NOT
Transitive or Intransitive?
A: Transitive Phrasal verbs
1) TAKE AN OBJECT:
Call off something (=cancel)
Pick out something (=choose)
take away something (=remove)
2) usually SEPERABLE (The particle may
precede or follow the direct object):
E.g. "They turned on the lights" or "They turned the
Transitive Phrasal Verb
BE CAREFUL! when the object is a pronoun, the
particle cannot precede it:
"They turned them on" is correct. (them = the lights)
"They turned on them” (INCORRECT).
I wrote it down. (Correct).
I wrote down it (INCORRECT).
So if the direct object is a pronoun, it MUST go
between the verb and the particle
Some Transitive phrasal verbs MUST
be separated and some are
Even though they are usually separated, a small
group of transitive verbs must be separated:
Keep your jacket on. Not: Keep on your jacket.
Ask Sara out. Not: Ask out Sara
Ask John over. Not: Ask over John
FOR A LIST OF INSEPERABLE TRANSITIVE
PHRASAL VERBS –REFER TO APPENDIX 18 P 16
In transitive phrasal verbs:
-When the noun object is part of a long phrase, we
do not separate the verb and the particle:
I filled out the form from the Sterling Property
NOT: I filled the form from the Sterling Property
Intransitive Phrasal Verbs
Intransitive phrasal verbs
1) DO NOT take an object.
2) Always inseparable:
Catch on =
Get a head = make progress
Show up =
Sit down =
take a seat
Learn to rely on your intuition when deciding whether a
phrasal verb is separable or inseparable
Bring change about
Bring about change
Which one do you think makes more sense when you pronounce