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Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy
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Kim Jraiw - the importance of integrating metro and rail projects with nationa transport strategy

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  • 1. Kuwait Metro and Rail Conference & Exhibition 2011 19-20 April 2011 The Importance of Integrating Metro and Rail Projects with National Transport Strategy ‫البروفسور الدكتور المهندس كٌم جرٌو‬ ‫المدٌر الفنً - اإلستراتٌجٌة الوطنٌة للمرور وقطاع النقل 0102-0202 فً دول الكوٌت‬ Prof Dr Kim JraiwTechnical Director – National Traffic and Transport Strategy 2010-2020 for Kuwait kjraiw@strsc.com.au www.strsc.com.au Copyright C Kim Jraiw. STRESC. 2011
  • 2. Cities, Sustainable Development and TransportSector in the Developing Nations ‫المدن والتنمٌة المستدامة وقطاع النقل فً الدول النامٌة‬• Cities are expanding at a pace unseen before in human history. They are the engines of the nation’s economic development. ‫المدن تنمو بشكل غٌر مسبوق وهً أساس النمو االقتصادي للدول. أكثر من نصف سكان‬ .‫العالم ٌسكنون المدن ألول مرة أالن‬• High demand for transport and weak infrastructure and services. . ‫طلب عالً على النقل وعدم كفاءة البنٌة التحتٌة الموجودة وخدمات النقل‬• Coordination between agencies becomes more complex. .ً‫تعدد الجهات المسؤولة عن قطاع النقل وضعف التنسٌق المؤسس‬• Traditional policies and planning process are not successful. .‫عدم نجاح سٌاسات التخطٌط وأسالٌب التنفٌذ التقلٌدٌة السائدة فً حل المشاكل‬• Cities are main source of GHG, road accidents and congestion. ً‫المدن هً المصدر الرئٌسً لغازات التغٌرات المناخٌة ووفٌات حوادث الطرق االزدحام ف‬ .‫العالم‬
  • 3. ‫.…‪Cont‬‬‫‪• Weak institution and lack of expertise due to accelerating growth of‬‬ ‫‪transport technology and unseen transport requirements and‬‬ ‫.‪problems‬‬ ‫ضعف المؤسسات المسؤولة عن النقل وقلة الخبرات بسبب سرعة نمو القطاع ومتطلباته‬ ‫ومشاكله الغٌر مسبوقة.‬‫.‪• Need for government leadership , and private sector involvement‬‬ ‫الحكومات ٌمكن إن تلعب دور قٌادي فً التنفٌذ لكنها تحتاج إلى دعم القطاع الخاص‬ ‫والمستثمرٌن لمعالجة نقص اإلمكانٌات المادٌة والتنفٌذٌة , وتوفٌر قوانٌن وتسهٌالت فعالة.‬‫•‬ ‫‪Lack of information , planning and studies to assess issues and‬‬ ‫.‪actions‬‬ ‫عدم وجود نظم معلومات وتخطٌط وبحوث ودراسات جدوى لتسهٌل فهم الفوائد وحجم‬ ‫المشكلة والحلول المطلوبة.‬‫•‬ ‫‪Lack of Integrated Strategy which links Transport sector with the‬‬ ‫.‪national development plans and land use‬‬ ‫عدم وجود إستراتٌجٌة شاملة تربط قطاع النقل مع الخطط التنموٌة للدولة .‬
  • 4. Requirements of Sustainable Transport Sector ‫متطلبات قطاع النقل المستدام‬Source : UN, G8, Copenhagen Conference, International Practice. .‫المصدر: األمم المتحدة ومجموعة الثمانٌة وقمة وبنهاكن و والتجارب العالمٌة الناجحة ومؤتمرات وزراء النقل والداخلٌة العرب‬ Integrated Transport Government Leadership ‫قٌادة حكومٌة‬ Strategy Interagency Agency coordination ً‫تعاون مؤسس‬ Monitoring System ‫تقٌٌم التنفٌذ‬ ‫إستراتٌجٌة شاملة لقطاع النقل‬ Efficient Action Plan Obvious role for each agency ‫دور واضح لكل مؤسسة‬ Deadlines ً‫جدول زمن‬ ‫خطة تنفٌذٌة فعالة‬ Efficient Institutions No conflict of activities ‫منع تشابك االختصاصات‬ Efficient Management ‫إدارة كفوءة‬ ‫مؤسسات كفوءة‬ Efficient Staff ‫كوادر كفوءة‬
  • 5. Benefits of Public Transit ً‫فوائد النقل الجماع‬• Jobs : $100 million investment in PT creates roughly 4,000 jobs. ‫استحداث فرص عمل‬• New Development : PT stimulates over $1 billion in new development within a few years. ‫نمو اقتصادي وعمراني‬• Business: $10 million investment results in a $30 million gain in sales. ‫زيادة المبيعاث‬• Housing : short walk properties to a train stop are selling for 20-25% more the further away. ‫زيادة أسعار المساكن‬• Tax : government could realize a 4 to 16 percent gain in revenues (tax) due to PT enhancement of productivity and reduces costs. ‫زيادة موارد الحكومت‬ Source : PTA‫ . , ,و‬USA.• Americans living in public transportation-intensive metro areas save $22 billion annually in transportation costs. ‫زيادة دخل العائلت‬• Less accident, pollution, congestion …. cost. ‫تقلٌل السلبٌات‬• GDP : $3.5 billion of GDP generated per year per $1 billion of PT investment . ً‫زٌادة الناتج المحلً اإلجمال‬• Urban Improvement. ‫زٌادة جمال المدن‬
  • 6. ‫‪National Transport Strategy 2010-2020 for Kuwait‬‬ ‫مراحل اإلستراتٌجٌة الوطنٌة الشاملة للمرور والنقل 0102-0202‬ ‫فً دولة الكوٌت‬ ‫مراحل‬ ‫تحدٌد رؤٌة‬ ‫مراقبة التنفٌذ‬ ‫‪Monitoring‬‬ ‫اإلستراتٌجٌة‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫الوطنٌة‬ ‫‪Vision‬‬ ‫‪Stages‬‬ ‫إعداد‬ ‫إعداد الخطة‬ ‫اإلستراتٌجٌة‬ ‫التنفٌذٌة‬ ‫الوطنٌة‬ ‫ومشارٌع‬ ‫إعادة هٌكلة‬ ‫الشاملة‬ ‫الوزارات المعنٌة‬ ‫القطاع‬ ‫‪National‬‬ ‫‪Action Plan‬‬ ‫‪Institutional‬‬ ‫‪Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Reform‬‬
  • 7. ‫أهداف اإلستراتٌجٌة الوطنٌة ‪Strategy Vision and Goals‬‬ ‫الرؤٌة‬ ‫تحقٌق نظام نقل مستدام وسالمة مرورٌة عالٌة لألجٌال الحالٌة والقادمة فً دولة الكوٌت‬ ‫‪Vision : Sustainable and Safe Transport System for Current and‬‬ ‫‪Future Generations‬‬ ‫األهداف‬ ‫تنفٌذ رؤٌة صاحب السمو أمٌر البالد حفظه هللا بتحوٌل الكوٌت الى مركز مالً وتجاري عالمً‬ ‫•‬ ‫(تطوٌر وسائل النقل والخدمات وتقلٌل االزدحام والمشاكل االقتصادٌة والبٌئٌة)‬ ‫نظام نقل كفوء‬ ‫•‬ ‫(تقلٌل حوادث الطرق وكلفتها االجتماعٌة واالقتصادٌة واالنسانٌة)‬ ‫سالمة عالٌة‬ ‫•‬‫التنمٌة المستدامة (ربط قطاع النقل- تخطٌط المدن مع الخطط التنموٌة للدولة ودعم النمو االقتصادي)‬ ‫•‬ ‫(تدرٌب الكوادر الوطنٌة وتطوٌر مؤسسً وإداري)‬ ‫كفاءة مؤسسٌة‬ ‫•‬ ‫(تعزٌز التنسٌق المؤسسً ودور القطاع الخاص وتوعٌة المجتمع)‬ ‫نظام الشراكة‬ ‫•‬ ‫(وضع مؤشرات فعالة لقٌاس كفاءة األداء ومراقبة التنفٌذ والتطوٌر المستمر)‬ ‫تقٌٌم التنفٌذ‬ ‫•‬
  • 8. 2020-2010 ‫محاور اإلستراتٌجٌة الوطنٌة للنقل فً دولة الكوٌت‬ Components of the National Transport Strategy for KuwaitManagement • Institutional reform and human resources development • Transport – Land Use planningPlanning • Social, economic and demographic issues • National development plan • Strategic expressway and local road planRoad • Intersection enhancement systemTransport • Preventive maintenance and asset management • Efficient heavy vehicle management systemRoad Safety Adequate and integrated road safety system • Asset Management informationDatabase • Traffic information • Road safety information • Economic and demographic informationVehicle • Vehicle testing • License • Safety
  • 9. • Intermodal systemMetro and • Introduce necessary legislationRailway • Undertake disability study • Government leadership and support • Use network capacity effectively with a better balanceUrban among public transport, pedestrian and private vehiclesTransport • Introduce commercial, and residential transport - oriented style • Improve bottleneck • Develop efficient infrastructureTraffic • Develop efficient system and accommodate demandManagement • Introduce efficient parking systemPorts &CivilAviationEmergencyServices
  • 10. ‫أهم مشارٌع الخطة التنفٌذٌة لإلستراتٌجٌة الوطنٌة‬ ‫للمرور وقطاع النقل فً دولة الكوٌت 0102-0202‬‫‪Priority Projects of Kuwait Transport‬‬ ‫‪Strategy‬‬ ‫• إعادة هٌكلة القطاع والتطوٌر المؤسسً‬ ‫‪Establishment of new transport Authority‬‬ ‫• تأهٌل الكوادر الوطنٌة‬ ‫‪Training‬‬ ‫• أولوٌات المشارٌع التنفٌذٌة‬ ‫‪Projects – about $60 billion‬‬ ‫• منظومة تقٌٌم التنفٌذ‬ ‫‪Monitoring System‬‬
  • 11. ‫مشروع الطرق السرٌعة : شبكة الطرق السرٌعة والسكك الحدٌدٌة‬ ‫المقترحة فً دولة الكوٌت ‪New Expressways‬‬ ‫الطرق الحالٌة = 0006 كم‬‫الطرق السرٌعة المقترحة =‬ ‫حوالً 057 كم‬ ‫64 كم‬ ‫77 كم‬ ‫791‬ ‫13 كم‬ ‫69 كم‬ ‫081‬ ‫06 كم‬ ‫55 كم‬
  • 12. 15
  • 13. ‫مشروع إدارة حركة النقل والمرور‬ ‫واستشراف المستقبل‬ ‫مترو‬ ‫‪Metro‬‬ ‫ازدحام عالً‬ ‫ازدحام متوسط‬ ‫الٌوجد ازدحام‬‫‪Congestion‬‬ ‫‪Transport - Traffic Management System‬‬
  • 14. ‫‪ Tracking System‬تطوٌر إدارة العملٌات‬ ‫المٌدانٌة ومراقبة حركة المركبات وتحدٌد مواقع‬ ‫االزدحام والحوادث والطوارئ‬ ‫إسعاف‬‫)1(‬
  • 15. ‫‪ Fatalities and 2015 Goal‬هدف عام 5102 لتقلٌل وفٌات‬ ‫حوادث الطرق بنسبة 03% فً دولة الكوٌت استنادا لتوصٌات ‪UN‬‬‫005‬‫054‬ ‫064‬ ‫744‬ ‫الوفٌات الحالٌة‬ ‫سنة‬ ‫014‬ ‫704‬‫004‬ ‫األساس‬ ‫473‬‫053‬ ‫223‬‫003‬‫052‬‫002‬‫051‬‫001‬ ‫05‬ ‫0‬ ‫6002‬ ‫7002‬ ‫8002‬ ‫9002‬ ‫0102‬ ‫5102‬
  • 16. ‫7002 ‪Fatalities per 100.000 – Gulf States‬‬ ‫• معدل وفٌات الطرق لكل 000.001 نسمة فً دول الخلٌج 7002 *‬‫53‬ ‫المصدر‬ ‫1.03‬‫03‬ ‫منظمة الصحة العالمٌة‬ ‫7002*‬ ‫7.52‬ ‫0102 )‪(WHO‬‬ ‫7.32‬ ‫1.42‬‫52‬ ‫2.61‬‫02‬‫51‬ ‫0102*‬ ‫1.21‬ ‫7.01‬‫01‬‫5‬‫0‬ ‫البحرٌن‬ ‫عمان‬ ‫قطر‬ ‫الكوٌت‬ ‫االمارات‬ ‫السعودٌة‬
  • 17. ‫المباشرة بنظام النقاط السوداء الوطنً ‪Black Spot System‬‬ ‫محافظة حولً‬ ‫مارٌنا مول‬‫حوادث الدهس‬ ‫اإلصابات‬
  • 18. ‫ بعض مؤشرات قٌاس فعالٌة التنفٌذ‬Effectiveness Indicators
  • 19. ً‫تحسٌن خدمات النقل الجماع‬Promotion of Public Transport Use• Public transport is part of transport solution for all cities.• Planning for Public Transport is essential.• Integrate transport with land use planning and national strategy.• Balance technical and political issues• In-depth feasibility study.• Efficient PPP model.• Effective legislation• Efficient planning, management and effacement.
  • 20. ‫تحسٌن خدمات النقل الجماعً‬‫‪Promote Public Transport Use‬‬ ‫‪Various Public Transport Modes‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫توفٌر وسائل نقل جماعً متنوعة ومتكاملة‬ ‫‪System to encourage community use‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫تشجٌع المواطنٌن والمقٌمٌن على استعمال النقل الجماعً‬ ‫خلق عالقة بٌن األجور وطول الرحلة ‪Far and Journey‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫خلق عالقة مع تخطٌط المناطق الحضرٌة وتوزٌع السكان‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪Integrated Planning‬‬ ‫تحسٌن الخدمات وجداول الرحالت ووسائل الراحة واألمان ‪Efficient Services‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫تقلٌل وقت الرحلة‬ ‫•‬ ‫توفٌر معلومات مستخدمً النقل الجماعً ‪Information‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫توفٌر محطات وتقاطعات لتسهٌل الدخول والخروج وتجنب ازدحام الطرق‬ ‫•‬ ‫تذكرة واحدة للتنقل بجمٌع وسائل النقل الجماعً ‪E-Ticket‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫تطوٌر وعً المواطن الستخدام النقل الجماعً ‪Awareness‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫تبنً مفهوم ”باب-إلى- باب“ نقل جماعً ‪Door-to- Door Service‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪Emergency evacuation system‬‬ ‫•‬
  • 21. ‫مشارٌع النقل الجماعً ودراسات الجدوى المطلوبة‬Types of Transit Project Feasibility Studies• Integrated Transport Strategy and Political Support.• Vision, e.g efficient system.• Background Analysis, e.g population growth.• Socioeconomic Analysis, e.g . the system must be considered as complementary rather then competitive mode of transport.• Institutional Analysis.• Technical Analysis, e.g type of metro.• Financial Analysis.• Operational Analysis, e.g action plan
  • 22. Strategic Action Plan ‫الخطة لتنفٌذٌة‬• Strategic action plan to increase the market share. ً‫خطة لزٌادة استعمال النقل الجماع‬• Enhance safety and security – less crime.• Sustainable enforcement and monitoring system.• Good service to meet community needs. ‫تلبٌة احتٌاجات جمٌع أنواع مستخدمً النقل‬• Develop an appropriate advertising campaign.• Assess pricing and understand potential competitor .• Issue E-Card• Provide attractive community information such as news, job vacancies, service providers, through transport facilities.• Develop customer service-oriented staff.• Meet various users and community groups need.• Establish link with stakeholders and community.• Create call centre – information available at any time.
  • 23. Strategic Emergency Action PlanObjective : Getting users to and from theirdestinations quickly, cheaply, and safely.• Policy makers must be able to manage risk, assess the likelihood of incidents, and implement the most effective strategies, to protect people and asset.• Security planning requires a multi-disciplinary team to address the various issues that apply to each location, station site, and service.• Provide budget and involve all stakeholders.• Update crisis management plans and maintain equipment.• Increase training.
  • 24. PPP Requirements Government RiskSupport to PPP Management(Project, finance, Plan Procurement) Acceptable Agreement Efficient (based on Legislation and consultation Institutionalassessment, and Arrangementobvious tender)
  • 25. Samples of PPP in Asia ‫نماذج للشراكة الحكومٌة والقطاع الخاص فً دول أسٌا‬Public Service Management Leasing BOT BOOT / DivestitureOwnership Contract Contract Concession BOOCommercial Public Public Shared Private Private PrivateRiskDuration 1-3 1-3 Years 8-15 25-30 20-30 Indefinite Years Years Years YearsO&M Public Private Private Private Private PrivateAsset Public Public Public Public Public PrivateOwnership /PrivateRole of Provider Provider Provider Provider Provider Enabler /Government RegulatorBOT = Build Operate Transfer. BOO = Build Own Operate. BOOT = Build Owen OperateTransfer. O & M = Operation and Maintenance. Source : ADB. 2006
  • 26. ‫االستثمارات األجنبٌة حسب األقالٌم‬Foreign Direct Investment China, HK, and Singapore = 80%
  • 27. LRT Line 1 Extension – Philippines PPTPrivate Sector role• To enter into 30 year concession agreement.• To design, build, & partly finance the construction of the project.• To raise balance of project costs through private finance, bilateral and other sources.• To operate, and maintain the project.• Using best international practices.• Handover of integrated project at no cost, at the end of the concession period in good working order.Government role• To enter into 30 year concession agreement.• To partly finance the project.• To ensure completion of construction by end of 2012.• To supervise construction & operation and private sector performance.• To ensure that no competing rail lines are built along alignment.
  • 28. Challenges Facing Implementation of TransitProjects ‫التحدٌات التً تواجه متخذي لقرار‬• The unavailability of the expertise and technology.‫عدم وجود الخبرات‬• Need for efficient implementation and monitoring system .‫الحاجة إلى إمكانٌات تنفٌذٌة‬• It is a modern (imported) technology exercise which makes the government reputation under close monitoring. ‫عدم نجاح المشروع ٌتعلق بسمعة الحكومة‬• The relatively long implementation period of the project.‫طول مدة التنفٌذ‬• The required legislation for construction and operations.• Potential construction impacts – potential impacts such as noise, pollution, congestion, safety.‫النتائج السلبٌة مثل التلوث‬• Need for efficient management team and cadres for operation and maintenance.‫الحاجة إلى إدارة كفوءة‬

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