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Power Generation In Pakistan
 

Power Generation In Pakistan

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    Power Generation In Pakistan Power Generation In Pakistan Presentation Transcript

    • Presented By: Imad Ahmad Baig Kinza Khalid Taha Hameedi POWER GENERATION IN PAKISTAN
    • Introduction
      • World heading towards Energy Crises
      • According to IEA (International Energy Agency) oil, coal and natural gas together supply 85 per cent of the world's energy requirements
      • Energy assets are largely controlled by international firms
      • Asia has become a principal driver in world energy markets
    • Energy Sector in Pakistan
      • Pakistan, a 61 year old independent state has still not been able to meet its demand of power and generation.
      • Pakistan is not self-sufficient in energy production
      • Country faces huge electric power crises today
      • At present electricity is generated by only three modes
        • THERMAL 65%
        • HYDEL 33%
        • NUCLEAR 2%
      • Two companies that produces electricity in Pakistan
        • WAPDA
        • KESC
      • About 55% of the total population is estimated to have access to electricity
    • Supply & Demand
      • The total power production capacity in the country is about 19,500 MW.
      • The country is falling short of 4500 MW
      • The demand for the supply of electricity is growing at an annual rate of almost 9 %, whereas the supply of electricity is increasing at a comparatively slower rate of around 7 %.
      • The power crisis is mainly caused by power line losses which can be as much as 25 percent.
      • According to a survey:
        • Household Sector 44.2%
        • Industries 31.1%
        • Agriculture 14.3%
        • Government Sector 7.4%
        • Commercial 5.5%
        • Street Lights 0.7%
    • Supply through Power Plants
      • Thermal Power Stations
          • Wapda Operates -11 stations
          • KESC Operates -4 stations
          • IPP’s Operates -14 stations Independently
      • Hydel Power Generation
          • Tarbela Dam – 1750 MW
          • Mangla Dam- 900 MW
      • Nuclear Power Generation
          • Two nuclear reactors of 425 MW power to generate electricity.
    •  
    • Reasons for Crisis
      • Liquidity Crunch Faced by WAPDA
      • WAPDA Reducing Supply to KESC
      • Decrease in Generation Capacity of KESC
      • KALABAGH Dam
      • Nuclear power plants
      • Coal reserves
      • Theft of electricity
    • Outcomes
      • Effect on Industries
      • Social Implications
    • Steps of Government to Overcome the Crises
      • ENERCON
      • Research and Development
      • Coal Exploitation
      • Liberalization and Deregulation of Power sector in Pakistan
    • Proposed Solutions
      • Improving Existing Plants
      • Hydel Power Plants
      • Construction of Small Dams
      • Underground Electrical Wiring
    • The Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB)
      • AEDB was created in May 2003 to act as the central national body on the subject of renewable energy in Pakistan.
      • Renewable technologies promise energy at affordable cost that can speed up the development of rural areas.
    • Solar Thermal Power Plants Technologies
      • There are two types of Solar Thermal Technologies
          • Solar Dish Stirling Engine Technology
          • Solar Parabolic Trough Technology
      • AEDB is installing three Solar Thermal Power Plants of 10-35 kW using Parabolic Trough and Dish / Sterling technologies.
    • Biomass / Waste to Energy
      • Biomass / waste to energy can be designed with capacities of 1 ton to 1500 tons per day of industrial waste , hospital waste ,hazardous waste.
      • AEDB has issued LoIs in the field of Biomass / Waste to Power.
      • AEDB is actively working for the Biogas, Landhi Cattle Colony, and Karachi Pilot Project
    • Wind Project
      • Pakistan has potential of wind energy in the coastal belt of Sindh, Balochistan and as well as in the desert areas of Punjab and Sindh.
      • It is estimated that more than 5000 villages can be electrified through wind energy in Sindh, Balochistan and Northern areas.
      • AEDB has issued LoIs to ninety three (93) national and international investors, 92 for 50 MW wind power projects each and one LOI for 05 MW wind project
    • Current Status
      • A Turkish company is close to completing the first windmill in Pakistan.
      • Zorlu Energy Pakistan has almost completed foundation work for five wind turbines in Jhimpir.
      • Each capable of producing 1.2 megawatts of electricity.
      • Gharo Wind Power Plant is planned to be built in the persistently wind-swept corridor of Gharo, Sindh, Pakistan. This will be one of the first wind power project in Pakistan.
    • Conclusion
      • Pakistan has the resources to meet its growing energy requirements.
      • The challenge lies in making these options commercially, economically, and politically feasible.
    • Its better to be afraid of the dark now, then to be afraid for your whole life… save electricity…