Chennai Port Trust Submitted by - Sushant Mangal Mustansir lokhandwala
Introduction Formerly known as Madras Port. Second largest port of India. Has 3 docks, 24 berths and draft ranging from 12 to 16.5 m . Handling 60 million tonnes of cargo. Direct connectivity to 50+ ports
History Maritime trade started way back in 1639 on the sea shore Chennai. An artificial harbor was built and the operations were started in 1881. In 1920 the port was equipped with a dock of four berths in the West Quays. In 1983, Country’s first dedicated container terminal of 380 mt. length facility was commissioned by the then prime minister Smt. Indira Gandhi.
Port InfrastructureDr. Ambedkar Dock : It has a total Quay length of around 2.3 Km . It has 12 Berths which generally cater to passengers , general cargo , fertilizers , and other cargoes . One berth is presently dedicated to Naval vessels. The draft in the dock varies from minimum of 8.5 m for passenger berth to a maximum of 12 m for general / ore berths . The Entrance channel is 125 m wide .
Jawahar Dock : It has a total Quay length of around 1.3 Km . It has 6 Berths which generally cater to food-grains , coal and other ores . This is a closed dock with basin dimensions of 655 m * 152 m. The draft in the dock varies from minimum of 10.4 m to 11.0 m . In view of the trade requirements and future ship sizes, this dock will be dredged to a depth of 14 m to enable handling of larger vessels .
Bharathi Dock : It has a total Quay length of around 1.9 Km with around 380 m for handling iron ore , 885 m for container and rest for POL . It has 3 Berths which generally cater to oil and iron ores . The iron ore berth can cater to even Post-Panamax ships having a draft upto 16.5 m. The two POL berths have draft of 14.6 m to 16.5 m . The iron ore berth and the POL berths are the deepest berths at the Port . The dock has a capacity of more than 12 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa)
Use of Multi – Trailer System (MTS) The proposed new container terminals would use tractor- trailer trains (road units) that can carry up to 6 teu with either two 20-feet or one 40-feet container on each of the three trailers. The multi-trailer system (MTS) would quickly and efficiently shuttle containers between the Port’s inter- modal rail yard and the terminals.
Terminals Container terminals : - The port has two container terminals, run separately by D.P World Pvt. Ltd and Singapore’s PSA International Pte Ltd, with a combined capacity to handle 2.8 million standard containers a year . The port is served by various container liner services, namely, APL, Kline , Maersk Line , MOL , NYK , PIL and several regional container lines.
Chennai Container Terminal : Chennai Container Terminal (CCT) is the first container terminal in Chennai port built in 1983. The container terminal was privatized in 2001 and is operated by DP World since 30 November 2001 with a capacity of 1.2 million TEUs. The terminal is capable of handling fifth generation vessels up to 6,400 TEU and has direct services to China, West Africa, Europe and the United States. The terminal crossed the "one million TEU" mark in 2007. In 2011, it handled 1.12 million TEUs. It enjoys a Quay length of 885 m (2,904 ft) and has 4 berths with an alongside depth of 13.4 m (44 ft), height (ISLW to Top of Cope) of 34 m (112 ft), channel length of 6,700 m (22,000 ft) and channel depth of 19.2 m (63 ft).
Chennai international container terminal (CITPL): Chennai International Terminal Pvt Ltd (CITPL) is the second container terminal that started operations from June 22, 2009 with berths SCB1, SCB2 and SCB3. With 35 ha (86 acres) of yard space and three berths with a total quay length of 832 m (2,730 ft), the terminal offers an annual capacity of 1.5 million TEUs CITPL would be able to accommodate 8,000-TEU vessels with drafts up to 15.5 m (51 ft).
Statistics (Current Year Analysis) Handled 55707 TEU traffic at current march-april 2012. The capacity of berth 3 and berth 4 has been taken to 18.00MT and 24.00MT resp. in current year. Total no of vessel handled in 2011-12 is 2043. Coking coal has grown from 0.4 Mtpa in 2000 to 1.26 Mtpa in 2006 showing a 215% phenomenal growth. Thermal coal is one commodity which has dropped drastically from 9.0 Mtpa to 2.0 Mtpa. Exports of iron ore are touching a 10 Mtpa mark. Port handled 2lakh cars in 2011-12 with the growth rate of 12%.
Projected growth rate Coal 10% Iron ore 5% POL 5% Containers 12% Automobiles 12% Passengers 5%