Environment Pollution


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Environment pollutions

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Environment Pollution

  1. 1. Environmental Pollution İlayda Guldursun
  2. 2. Pollution  Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability; disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem, physical systems or living organisms.
  3. 3. Types of Pollution  Air Pollution  Water Pollution  Thermal Pollution  Soil Pollution  Radioactive Pollution
  4. 4. The Importance of Air  Other planets have sunlight, but the Earth is the only planet we know that has air and water. Without air and water, the Earth would be unable to sustain life. Sustain: to continue
  5. 5. Air Pollution  Air pollution occurs when the air contains gases, dust, fumes in harmful amounts. That is, amounts which could be harmful to the health or comfort of humans and animals or which could cause damage to plants and materials.
  6. 6. Causes of Air Pollution 1-Natural Sources  Volcanic eruptions  Forest fires  Pollen grains of flower 2-Man-made Sources • Increase in pollution • Deforestation • Burning of fossil fuels and fires • Wars • Emission from vehicles
  7. 7. Protecting Clean Water  Dirty water is the world's biggest health risk, and continues to threaten both quality of life and public health. When water from rain and melting snow runs off roofs and roads into our rivers, it picks up toxic chemicals, dirt, trash.
  8. 8. Sources of Water Pollution  Community waste waters  Industrial wastes  Agricultural sources  Under ground water pollution  Thermal pollution
  9. 9. Soil Pollution  Soil pollution results from the build up of contaminants, radioactive materials, salts, chemicals and cancer-causing agents.  Caused by dumping of wastes agrochemicals and as indirect result of air pollution.
  10. 10. Sources of Soil Pollution Salination Domestic wastes Agricultural wastes
  11. 11. Control of Soil Pollution  Proper disposal od industrial wastes  Recycling and recovery of materials  Minimize the manufacture and use od chemical fertilizers
  12. 12. Radioactive Pollution  It is the physical pollution of air, water and land through nuclear materials. Radioactive materials that cause pollution may be materials from commercial or laboratory processes.
  13. 13. Sources 1-Man made Sources  Nuclear weapons  Reactors and nuclear fuel  Waste waters containing these wastes  X-rays used in medical practices
  14. 14. Effects  Mutation  Cancer  Increases infant mortality rate
  15. 15. Noise Pollution  Unwanted high pitch sound that pollutes the environment.  Maximum tolerable intensity of sound is 85 decibels
  16. 16. Sources  The main sources are automobiles, aero planes, loudspeakers, industries and other electro mechanical devices.
  17. 17. Effects of Noise Pollution  Damage to ear drum and impairment to hearing.  Damages heart, liver and brain
  18. 18. Thermal Pollution  The term thermal pollution has been used to indicate the detrimental effects of heated effluents.
  19. 19. Causes of Thermal Pollution  Nuclear power plants  Coal fired power plants  Industrial effluents  Domestic sewage
  20. 20. Control Measures  Cooling towers  Cooling ponds  Artificial lakes