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  • Forms of Construction 08/03/12 John Fox, College of North West London

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  • 1. BUILDING TECHNOLOGY PART 3 FORMS OF CONSTRUCTIONFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 1
  • 2. SINGLE STOREY BUILDINGS WAREHOUSES IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS THE STRUCTURE IS MAINLY MADE FROM STEEL FRAME IS SUPPORTED BY A SERIES OF RAILS OR PURLINS CORRUGATED SHEETING IS ADDED TO PROVIDE STRENGTH METAL SHEETING HAS ADDED INSULATION MATERIAL TO CONFORM WITH HEAT LOSS LEGISLATIONFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 2
  • 3. SINGLE- STOREY BUILDINGS WAREHOUSES METAL SHEETING PROVIDES RIGIDITY TO STEEL FRAME IT PROVIDES RESISTANNCE TO WIND FORCES THESE BUILDINGS ARE NON-LOAD BEARING THE FIRST 2 METRES OF THE BUILDING ARE CONSTRUCTED FROM TRADITIONAL MASONARY MATERIALSFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 3
  • 4. SINGLE STOREY IN HOUSING A SINGLE STOREY BUILDING IS ALSO KNOWN AS A BUNGALOW THIS TYPE OF BUILD IS FAVOURED WITH THE ELDERLY AND THE DISABLED NO STAIRS, ALL ROOMS ON ONE LEVEL CONSTRUCTED IN TIMBER FRAME OR TRADTIONAL METHODSFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 4
  • 5. LOW-RISE BUILDINGS THESE ARE BUILDINGS USUALLY UP TO THE HEIGHT OF 3 STOREYS NORMALLY BUILT FROM STEEL FRAME CONSTRUCTION FORMED IN STANDARD STEEL SECTIONS WHICH PROVIDE AN OPEN PLAN AREA INTERNAL ROOMS FORMED WITH DEMOUNTABLE PARTITIONSFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 5
  • 6. DETACHED HOUSING LEAST FAVOURITE AMONGST DEVELOPERS MAINLY BUILT IN BRICK & BLOCK MOST HOMES BUILT TO NATIONAL HOUSE-BUILDING COUNCIL (NHBC) STANDARDS RISING STANDARDS INCLUDE EN-SUITE BATHROOMS, HOME OFFICES, FIRE AND INTRUDER ALARMS. TYPICAL 2 STOREYSFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 6
  • 7. TERRACED HOUSING MAJORITY OF STOCK BUILT IN VICTORIAN TIMES PROVIDED VOLUME HOUSING AT CHEAP PRICES MAINLY BUILT IN THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION WITH MASS MIGRATION FROM RURAL ENGLAND TO MAJOR CITIESFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 7
  • 8. TERRACED HOUSING MODERN DESIGNS USE STRUCTUAL WALLS WITH ROOFING SYSTEMS THAT STRETCH ACROSS MULTIPLE PROPERTIES FIRE & PRIVACY BREAKS USED TO CREATE INDIVIDUAL DWELLINGSFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 8
  • 9. PREFABRICATION INDUSTRY SHIFT TOWARDS PREFAB. WORK IMPROVED SPEED OF CONSTRUCTION IMPROVED PERFORMANCE IN QUALITY OF MATERIALS & WORKMANSHIP CREATED IN WORKSHOPS COMPONENTS TAKEN TO SITE FOR ASSEMBLEYFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 9
  • 10. PREFABRICATION COMPONENTS INCLUDE KITCHEN UNITS, STAIRCASES, DOORS, BEDROOM FURNITURE ETC. IF THERE IS AN ALTERATION TO THE DESIGN THEN ADJUSTMENTS HAVE TO BE MADE ON SITE COMPLETE ASSEMBLED HOUSES SHOULD BE CRANED ONTO A PREPARED BASE.February, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 10
  • 11. PORTAL FRAMES ITHAS A LOW PITCHED ROOF MEMBERS ATTACHED TO COLUMNS AT EITHER END CONSTRUCTED IN EITHER STEEL, CONCRETE OR TIMBER MORDEN PORTAL FRAMES CONSTRUCTED IN STEEL HIGH STRENGTH TO WEIGHT RATIOFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 11
  • 12. ADVANTAGES OF PORTAL FRAME BUILDINGS LARGE SPANS ACHIEVED SPEEDILY ERRECTED FACTORY PRODUCED LIGHTER FOUNDATIONS REQUIRED ENABLES RECYCLING WHEN THE BUILDING COMES TO THE END OF ITS LIFE EASILY EXTENDED AND ADAPTEDFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 12
  • 13. DISADVANTAGES OF PORTAL FRAME BUILDINGS REQUIRES SOME FORM OF COATING TO PREVENT RUST REQUIRES FIRE PROTECTION COATING EXTERNAL COATINGS HAVE TO BE MAINTAINEDFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 13
  • 14. February, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 14