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Building technology in construction intro
 

Building technology in construction intro

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College of North West London presentation; for the National Diploma in Construction

College of North West London presentation; for the National Diploma in Construction

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  • Building Technology in Construction 08/03/12 John Fox, College of North West London
  • 08/03/12 John Fox, College of North West London Building Technology in Construction

Building technology in construction intro Building technology in construction intro Presentation Transcript

  • BUILDING TECHNOLOGY IN CONSTRUCTION UNIT 6 John Fox, College of North WestFebruary, 2012 London 1
  • INTRODUCTION Building technology has evolved over the centuries between simple structures, through to hi-tech, state of the art buildings.February, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 2
  • TRADITIONAL TYPE OF MATERIALS BRICKS & MORTAR TIMBER CONCRETEFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 3
  • MODERN MATERIALS USED GLASS PLASTICS PREFABRICATED COMPONENTSFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 4
  • BUILDING USES HOUSES & FLATS TRADITIONALLY 1 OR 2 STOREY HIGH BUILT FROM BRICK, STONE OR TIMBER ALL HOMES BUILT TO BUILDING REGULATIONS MONITORED BY BUILDING CONTROLFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 5
  • CRITERIA FOR HOUSE BUILDING STRUCTUALLY SOUND RESISTANT TO MOISTURE THERMAL PERFORMANCE LOAD BEARING SOUND INSULATION ASTHETICALLY PLEASINGFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 6
  • WAREHOUSES & INDUSTRIAL UNITS COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS OPEN SPAN BUILDINGS BUILT IN STEEL FRAMES CLAD WITH ALLUMINIUM ENCLOSED BOTH ECONOMICALLY AND SAFELYFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 7
  • RETAIL UNITS SHOPS & COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS LARGE OPEN SPAN PORTAL FRAME CAN BE ADAPTED FROM LARGER HOUSESFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 8
  • OFFICES CAN BE LOW OR MULTI STOREY BUILDINGS OPEN PLAN SUB-DIVIDED INTO SMALLER WORKING AREAS MUST INCORPORATE FIRE REGS. EG. FIRE EXITS, ALARMS, SPRINKLERS ETC.February, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 9
  • FORMS OF CONSTRUCTION TIMBER FRAME WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF PREFAB CONSTRUCTION?February, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 10
  • TIMBER FRAME BUILDINGS BEEN BUILT IN THE UK SINCE THE 1960’SFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 11
  • TIMBERFRAME COMPONENTS EXPLAIN THE PURPOSE OF EACH OF THE FOLLOWING COMPONENTS;3. VAPOUR BARRIER4. INSULATION QUILT5. S/S WALL TIE6. INSULATION MEMBRANE7. SHEATHING BOARDFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 12
  • TIMBER FRAME BUILDINGS CROSS SECTIONFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 13
  • TIMBER FRAME CONSTRUCTION TIMBER PANELS ( 100X50MM ) ARE NAILED WITH PLYWOOD SHEETS TO GIVE ADDED STRENGTH THESE PANELS ARE LOAD BEARING AS THEY SUPPORT THE STRUCTURE OF THE ROOF TIMBER STRUCTURE IS ENCLOSED WITH EITHER BRICKWORK OR STONE. THIS IS ALSO KNOWN AS CLADDINGFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 14
  • STEEL FRAME CONSTRUCTION LIGHT STEEL FRAME BUILDINGS (SKELETAL) WERE DEVELOPED IN THE 1880’S FOR AMERICAN SKYSCRAPERS USED FOR HOUSE CONSTRUCTION IN THE EARLY 1920’S STEEL BECAME RELATIVELY EXPENSIVE & NOT A VIABLE ALTERNATIVE FOR HOUSINGFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 15
  • STEEL FRAME ADVANTAGES FACTORY MADE RELATIVELY EASY & QUICK TO ASSEMBLE UNAFFECTED BY MOISTURE POTENTIAL LONG ROOF SPANS COMPOSITE DESIGNFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 16
  • DISADVANTAGES DEFORMS AT HIGH TEMPERATURE NEEDS TO BE FIRE COATED ELECTRICTY CONDUCTOR- MUST BE EARTHEDFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 17
  • CONCRETE FRAME BUILDINGS THIS SYSTEM WAS FIRST DEVELOPED IN THE LATE 19TH CENTURY BY WILLIAM E. WARD THE FIRST CONCRETE FRAME SKYSCRAPER WAS THE INGALLS BUILDING, BUILT IN CINNCINATTI IN1904- 210FT HIGHFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 18
  • CONCRETE FRAME FORMS OF CONSTRUCTION IN SITU- STEEL OR WOODEN FORMWORK IS REQUIRED TO CREATE THE COLUMNS AND BEAMS. CONCRETE IS THEN POURED AND THE SHUTTERING IS REMOVED ONCE THE CONCRETE HAS GAINED ENOUGH STRENGTH. PRE-CAST- PANELS ARE DROPPED IN BY CRANE AND BOLTED TOGETHER TO FORM A RIGID STRUCTUREFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 19
  • ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF CONCRETE FRAME CONSTRUCTION ADVANTAGES- IN-BUILT FIRE PROTECTION MOULDED INTO ANY SHAPE HIGH STRENGTH IN COMPRESSION DO NOT REQUIRE A SECONDARY FINISH DISADVANTAGES-CRAINAGE REQUIRED REQUIRES INITIAL SUPPORT SKILLED WORKFORCE REQUIRED TO ASSEMBLEFebruary, 2012 John Fox, College of North West London 20