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ICA Nov 14, 2009 Presentation

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  • 1. USING SOCIAL NETWORKING TO CONNECT, EDUCATE, AND INFORM Addicted to Social Media CRACK! Do you wonder how to tweet? Wish you could create a wiki? Install a widget? Connect your blog to your Facebook? Want a video to go viral on YouTube? Create a smashup between your website and twitter? How to avoid the fail whale? Do you know what B.G. stands for? Presented by Daniel Stasi, Executive Director Illinois Mental Health Counselors Association Illinois School Counselor Association Coalition of Illinois Counselors
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.
    • The number of years it took in the United States for the car to achieve a 25% market share was 44 years and for the phone it was 35 years - for the Internet it was only 7 years!
    • - from a Merrill Lynch report.
    • Just like today's computers, early telephones were very confusing to new users. Some became so frustrated with the new technology, they attacked the phone with an ax or ripped it out of the wall.
  • 8.
    • Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons.
    • - Popular Mechanics, forecasting the relentless march of science, 1949.
    • I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.
    • - Thomas Watson, chairman of IBM,1943.
    • I have traveled the length and breadth of this country and talked with the best people, and I can assure you that data processing is a fad that won’t last out the year.
    • - The editor in charge of business books for Prentice Hall, 1957.
  • 9.
    • But what … is it good for?
    • - Engineer at the Advanced Computing Systems Division of IBM, 1968, commenting on the microchip.
    • There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home.
    • - Ken Olson, president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp., 1977.
    • Video conferencing bears a terrifying promise: Distance will no longer be an excuse for not attending meetings.
    • - Steve Steinberg, 1994
  • 10.
    • “ Give a person a fish, and you feed them for a day; teach that person to use the internet and they won’t bother you for weeks”
    • -Andrew Brown
    • “ Internet is so big, so powerful and pointless that for some people it is complete substitute for life”
    • - Andrew Brown
    • “ The internet is becoming the town square for the global village of tomorrow”
    •   - Bill Gates (American Entrepreneur and Founder of Microsoft Co., b. 1955)
  • 11. Did you know?
    • Sometimes size does matter.
    • If you’re one in a million in China, there are 1,300 people just like you.
    • In India, there are 1,100 people just like you.
    • The 25% of the population in China with the highest IQs is greater than the total population of North America.
    • In India, it’s the top 28%.
    • Translation for teachers: they have more honors kids than we have kids.
    • China will soon become the number one English-speaking country in the world.
    • If you took every single job in the U.S. today and shipped it to China, it still would have a labor surplus.
  • 12.
    • The U.S. Department of Labor estimates that today’s learner will have 10 to 14 jobs by age 38.
    • According to the U.S. Department of Labor, 1 out of 4 workers today works for a company for whom they have been employed less than 1 year.
    • More than 1 out of 2 are working for a company for whom they have worked less than 5 years.
    • According to former Secretary of Education Richard Riley, the top 10 jobs that will be in demand in 2010 didn’t exist in 2004.
  • 13.
    • We are currently preparing students for jobs that don’t yet exist, and using technologies that haven’t yet been invented, in order to solve problems we don’t even know are problems yet.
  • 14. Name this country:
    • ~ Richest in the world
    • ~ Largest military
    • ~ Center of world business and finance
    • ~ Strongest education system
    • ~ World center of innovation and invention
    • ~ Currency the world standard of value
    • ~ Highest standard of living
    • England, in 1900.
  • 15. Did you know?
    • The U.S. is 20th in the world in broadband Internet penetration (Luxembourg just passed us).
    • Nintendo invested more than $140 million in research and development in 2002 alone.
    • The U.S. federal government spent less than half as much on research and innovation in education.
    • 1 of every 8 couples married in the U.S. last year met online.
    • There are over 106 million registered users of MySpace (as of September 2006).
    • If MySpace were a country, it would be the 11th largest in the world (between Japan and Mexico).
    • The average MySpace page is visited 30 times a day.
  • 16. Did you know?
    • We are living in exponential times.
    • There are over 2.7 billion searches performed on Google each month.
    • To whom were these questions addressed B.G. (before Google)?
    • The number of text messages sent and received every day exceeds the population of the planet.
  • 17. Trouble with Twitter
  • 18. School Counselors/Educators
    • Go to students on their level
    • Announcements
  • 19.
    • http://
  • 20. Community Agencies
    • Promotion/advertising
    • Fundraising
  • 21. Private Practice Professionals
    • Promotion
    • Get to know you/trust
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24. Popular Sites
  • 25. Facebook
    • Facebook is social networking website that is operated and privately owned by Facebook, Inc. Users can add friends, send them messages, and update their personal profiles to notify friends about themselves. Users can also join networks organized by city, workplace, school, and region. The website's name stems from the colloquial name of books given at the start of the academic year by university administrations with the intention of helping students get to know each other better .
    • More than 300 million active users.
    • 50% of our active users log on to Facebook in any given day.
    • The fastest growing demographic is those 35 years old and older.
    • Average user has 130 friends on the site.
    • About 70% of Facebook users are outside the United States.
    • There are more than 65 million active users currently accessing Facebook through their mobile devices.
  • 26.
    • http://
  • 27. My Space
    • MySpace is a social networking website targeted at a general audience. Launched in 2003, it became one of the most visited websites in the world within a few years. With almost a billion visits per month, MySpace is the most popular social network. MySpace became the most popular social networking site in the United States in June 2006.
  • 28. Twitter
    • Twitter is a free social networking and micro-blogging service that enables its users to send and read messages known as tweets. Tweets are text based posts of up to 140 characters displayed on the author's profile page and delivered to the author's subscribers who are known as followers. Senders can restrict delivery to those in their circle of friends or, by default, allow open access. Users can send and receive tweets via the Twitter website, Short Message Service (SMS) or external applications.
    • Other connected software
    • Tweetdeck
  • 29. Saving money with Twitter
  • 30.
    • On June 12, 2009, in what was called a potential "Twitpocalypse", the unique identifier associated with each tweet exceeded the limit for 32-bit signed integers. While Twitter itself was not affected, some third-party clients found that they could no longer access recent tweets.
    • On August 6, 2009, Twitter and Facebook suffered from a denial-of-service attack, causing the Twitter website to be offline for several hours. It was later confirmed that the attacks were directed at one pro-Georgian user around the anniversary of the 2008 South Ossetia War, rather than the sites themselves.
  • 31. Use in campaigning
    • Twitter was used by candidates in the 2008 U.S. presidential campaign throughout the race. Democratic Party nominee Barack Obama used it for publicity. The Nader–Gonzalez campaign updated its ballot access teams in real-time with Twitter and Google Maps. Twitter use increased by 43 percent on the day of the United States' 2008 election.
    • In 2009, the Republican Party in Connecticut set up fake Twitter accounts in the names of 33 Democratic members of the state legislature. The Republicans used the accounts to send out tweets in the names of the Democrats. When Twitter, Inc. discovered the scheme, it shut down the 33 fake accounts, explaining the applicable company policy: "A person may not impersonate others through the Twitter service in a manner that does or is intended to mislead, confuse or deceive others." The Hartford Courant editorialized : "Republicans get an A for innovation but a D for ethics."
  • 32. Use in legal proceedings
    • The first criminal prosecution arising from Twitter posts began in April 2009. Agents of the FBI arrested Daniel Knight Hayden. Hayden was accused of sending tweets threatening violence in connection with his plan to attend a Tea Party protest in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
    • In July 2009, Horizon Realty Group, a Chicago real estate management company, sued a former tenant, Amanda Bonnen, for libel based on a Twitter message sent to friends. Horizon contends that Bonnen defamed Horizon by posting a tweet to her friends that said, "You should just come anyway. Who said sleeping in a moldy apartment was bad for you? Horizon realty thinks it's ok." Horizon asked for at least $50,000 for the alleged libel. The lawsuit prompted widespread comment from journalists, bloggers, and legal experts.
  • 33. Use in education
    • The Distant College of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China, used Twitter with native Chinese students as a tool to train communicative and cultural competence. Students had to post a certain number of English tweets and react to the tweets of their fellow students. Twitter was viewed as a supplement to practice in authentic environment different aspects of the target language as it was taught in the classroom.
    • The University of Vienna, Austria, used Twitter as an evaluation platform for student ratings. Every student had to send a tweet after each course unit with feedback to the teacher. Twitter turned out to be "a useful tool for evaluating a course formatively. Because of Twitter's simple use and the electronic handling of data, the administrative effort remains small."
    • At the University of Texas at Dallas, Twitter has been incorporated into the actual classroom setting of History courses with big groups of students. This innovative approach gives more students the opportunity to express their views in class discussions. Another advantage of this approach is that the limit of characters forces them to get to the central point.
    • According to, Twitter is put on the new primary school curriculum. Children should be able to "organize and adjust" speaking and writing skills depending on the technology being used, including using "emails, messaging, wikis and twitters". During the primary years, children should also be taught to speak, write and broadcast using "blogs, podcasts, websites, email [and] video".
  • 34. Use in emergencies
    • Research reported in New Scientist in May 2008 found that blogs, maps, photo sites and instant messaging systems like Twitter did a better job of getting information out during emergencies than either the traditional news media or government emergency services. The study also found that those using Twitter during the fires in California in October 2007 kept their followers (who were often friends and neighbors) informed of their whereabouts and of the location of various fires minute by minute. Organizations that support relief efforts are also using Twitter. The American Red Cross started using Twitter to exchange minute-to-minute information about local disasters including statistics and directions.
    • During the 2008 Mumbai attacks eyewitnesses sent an estimated 80 tweets every 5 seconds. Twitter users on the ground helped compile a list of the dead and injured. In addition, users sent out vital information such as emergency phone numbers and the location of hospitals needing blood donations. CNN called this "the day that social media appeared to come of age" since many different groups made significant use of Twitter to gather news and coordinate responses.
    • In January 2009, US Airways Flight 1549 experienced multiple bird strikes and had to be ditched in the Hudson River. Janis Krums, a passenger on one of the ferries that rushed to help, took a picture of the downed plane as passengers were still evacuating and sent it to Twitpic before any other media arrived at the scene.
    • The Australian Country Fire Authority used Twitter to send out regular alerts and updates regarding the February 2009 Victorian bushfires. During this time the Prime Minister of Australia, Kevin Rudd, also used his Twitter account to send out information on the fires, how to donate money and blood, and where to seek emergency help.
    • Also in April, public health departments used Twitter to provide updates on H1N1 cases.
  • 35.
    • Twitter lists are guaranteed to be the next huge (and I mean HUGE!!!! )  game changer for Twitter. When Twitter lists first came out, I thought: “OK, so users can now make lists of other users based on any criteria.” For example: a list of companies that are hiring, a list of Onion editorial staff, or a list of food trucks in Los Angeles. Big deal, right?
    • Yes… a very big deal.
  • 36. Twitter Lists
  • 37. How lists will completely change how we use Twitter
    • Users can follow a list without having to follow all the users on that list.
    • Third party applications will use lists in fun and interesting ways.
    • Sites like Listorious will feature a variety of content based on lists.
    • Twitter lists will give users additional ways to create value for their followers.
    • Twitter lists will add an additional social proof element to all Twitter users.
    • Twitter lists will change how we follow streams.
  • 38. Twittonary
    • The latter, Twittonary, forces you to click through every letter of the alphabet methodically, despite the fact that most letters lack a single entry. Time saver: here’s the full list, with our suggestions below:
    • A-S
    • adventuritter: an adventurous twitterer
    • beetweet: a buzzing tweet; a “hot” tweet
    • co-twitterer: a partner that tweets on your Twitter account.
    • dweet: tweet sent while intoxicated
    • drive-by-tweet : a quick post inbetween tasks
    • friendapalooza: a quick burst of friend-adding
    • mistweet: a tweet in which one later regrets
    • neweeter: a new tweeter
    • occasionitter: an occasional tweeter
    • politweeter: a political tweeter
    • politweet: a political tweet
    • qwitter: a tool used to catch twitter quitters-
    • reportwitters: reporter style twitterers
    • sweeple: sweet twitter people
  • 39.
    • Twa-
    • twadd: to add/follow someone to your Twitter account as a friend.
    • twaffic: Twitter traffic.
    • twaiting: twittering while waiting.
    • twalking: walking while twittering via text.
    • twapplications: Twitter applications.
    • Twe-
    • twead: to read a tweet from a fellow twitterer.
    • tweepish: feeling sheepish or regretful about something you tweeted.
    • tweeple: Twitter people, Twitter members, Twitter users.
    • tweeps: Twitter people that follow each other from one social media/network to another.
    • tweetaholism: the continued use of Twitter as an addiction that is difficult to control.
    • tweetaholic: someone addicted to Twitter, so much so that it may be an actual problem.
    • tweet-back: bringing a previous tweet conversation or reference back into the current conversation.
    • tweet-dropping: eavesdropping on someone else’s home page in friends mode.
    • tweeter: a user of Twitter.
    • tweeterboxes: twitterers who tweet too much. tweetheart: that special tweeter who makes your heart skip a beat.
    • tweetin: when a group of twitterers agree to get together at a set time to twitter.
    • tweet(ing): the act of posting to Twitter.
    • tweets: posts on Twitter by twitterers.
    • tweetsulted, tweetsult: what do you think it means, you dumb twitterer?
    • tweetup: when twitterers meet in person – a Twitter meet up.
  • 40.
    • Twi-
    • twideo-cronicity: when you’re watching someone’s videos and they are simultaneously leaving a comment or tweet for/at/about you.
    • twiking: biking while twittering via text.
    • twinkedIn: inviting friends made on Twitter to connect with you on LinkedIn.
    • twis: to dis a fellow twitterer. very bad form.
    • twitosphere: community of twitterers.
    • twittastic: fantastic, wonderful, superb.
    • twittcrastination: avoiding action while twittering, procrastination enabled by Twitter use.
    • twittduit: If you need to tweet a friend that does not follow you, post a twittduit asking your followers to pass a message.
    • twittectomy: an unfollowing of friends.
    • twitter-light zone: where you are when you return to Twitter after any time away and feel disoriented and lost.
    • twitter stream: a collection of tweets often times in alphabetical order
    • twitosphere: the community of twepple.
    • twitterati: The A-list twitterers.
    • twittercal mass: a community that has achieved a critical mass of twitterers.
    • twitterer: a user of Twitter (compare: tweeter).
    • twittering: to send a Twitter message.
    • twitterish: erractic behavior with short outbursts.
    • twitteritas: women who play with their twitters.
    • twitterness: a person’s contribution to the twitosphere.
    • twitterfly: being a social butterfly on Twitter evidenced by extreme usage of @ signs.
    • twitterject: interject your tweet into an existing tweet stream of conversation.
    • twitter-ku: those who either post on both Twitter and Jaiku () or load their Twitter feed into Jaiku.
    • twitterlinkr: a service collecting the best links posted through Twitter.
    • twitterlooing: twittering from a bathroom.
  • 41.
    • twitterloop: to be caught up with friend tweets and up on the conversation.
    • twittermob: an unruly and ragtag horde of people who descend on an ill-prepared location after a provocative Twitter message.
    • twittermaps: a mashup technology that lets Twitter users find each other using google maps.
    • twitterpated: to be overwhelmed with Twitter messages.
    • twitterphoria: the elation you feel when the person you’ve added as a friend adds you back.
    • twitterage: rage at a twitter post.
    • twitterrhea: the act of sending too many Twitter messages.
    • Mashable’s Suggested Additions
    • Twegosearching : Something we never, ever do. Every 5 minutes. All day.
    • Twitophant / Twitophantic : One who repeatedly tweets the Top 100 in an attempt to gain more followers. Actually pretty smart.
    • Greentweets International : Well-meaning organizers of the Save the Fail Whales campaign.
  • 42. LinkedIn
    • LinkedIn is a business-oriented social networking site founded in December 2002 and launched in May 2003 mainly used for professional networking. As of July 2009, it had more than 43 million registered users, spanning 170 industries. The purpose of the site is to allow registered users to maintain a list of contact details of people they know and trust in business. The people in the list are called Connections. Users can invite anyone, whether a site user or not, to become a connection.
    • IMHCA
    • Job Postings
    • Discussions – Billing Company
  • 43. You Tube
    • http://
  • 44. Blog
    • Other counselors are finding that a simple blog does the trick for their purpose. Creating a blog is simple and free. It only takes a few minutes by entering your name, e-mail address and a few other pieces of (usually personal) information. You select "the look" (template) for your blog from a set of standard options, click a few buttons, and you are ready to go. Once the blog is set up, you can post text, links, audio, video, and more within minutes. From your computer or cell phone, you can say or show anything and everything. With a bit of know-how, you can even syndicate to other blogs and web sites. Syndication is a process by which the latest content from a blog, or from any other web page, can be made available for re-publication in another website or in some other application. And millions of people (including children) are doing it (Sabella and Stanley, 2008).
    • As compared to dynamic web sites, blogs feature several unique characteristics (Brain, 2009) such as:
    • -A typical blog has a main page and nothing else. On the main page, there is a set of entries. Each entry is a little text blurb that may contain embedded links out to other sites, news stories, etc. When the author adds a new entry, it goes at the top, pushing all the older entries down. This blog also has a right sidebar that contains additional permanent links to other sites and stories. The author might update the sidebar weekly or monthly.
    • -A blog is normally a single page of entries. There may be archives of older entries, but the "main page" displays all the recent content.
    • -A blog is organized in reverse-chronological order, from most recent entry to least recent.
    • -A blog is normally public, the whole world can see it, although it can be set to private.
    • -The entries in a blog usually come from a single author although can be set up for a writing team.
    • The entries in a blog are usually stream-of-consciousness. There is no particular order to them. For example, the blogger sees a good link, he or she can throw it in his or her blog. The tools that most bloggers use make it incredibly easy to add entries to a blog any time they feel like it.
  • 45.
    • The technology that allows individuals to write one's own blog is so relatively simple and inexpensive that it is no surprise that blogs have proliferated the Web as fast as they have. Any educator or person can create a basic blog for free, and most of these toolsets have additional features available for a price. Here are just a few of the services available that would be most appropriate for educators seeking more effective collaboration:
    • Blogger is a free, automated weblog publishing platform in one easy to use website.
    • TypePad is similar to blogger, another blogging service although this one has a minimal cost.
    • LiveJournal is free although users can choose to upgrade their accounts for extra features.
    • Moveable Type is another popular web publishing platform.
    • Posterous . This website lets you post things online fast using email.
    • WordPress . Here you can start a blog in seconds without any technical knowledge.
    • Some school counselors have both a website a blog. The website contains categorized sections of information, tools, and resources and also has a link to a blog which is used for more casual announcements and fleeting pieces of information.
  • 46. Twitter & Facebook Outages Showcase Millions Being Addicted to Social Media Crack
    • August 6, 2009 ·
    • Twitter and Facebook experienced network issues around 9 am EST.  Like millions, I couldn’t reach or reply to people I needed to within this time frame.  For many of the people I needed to respond to, I didn’t have their mobile numbers or email addresses.  The problem was much worse for big and small companies alike that have outsourced large amounts of their customer service to Twitter.  They couldn’t respond to the customer tweets that poured in this morning.
    • This morning's Twitter outage left several individuals and businesses frazzled
    • A few of the following examples by the Jacksonville News showcase this issue.  Ryan Thompson works for the Dalton Agency, which is a PR firm.  What happened when he couldn’t get on Twitter this morning? ”I was panicking,” Thompson said. Thompson works for the Dalton Agency, a local PR firm. To a lot of his clients, Twitter isn’t fun, it’s business. ”Just trying to monitor what’s going on with our clients,” Thompson said. “There’s a lot of interest and a lot of value knowing what the general public thinks about clients of ours. Being in touch with Twitter let’s us keep a constant pulse and beat in terms of what everybody else is saying.”
    • When one woman found out about the Twitter outage, she started worrying about her mom. ”My mom uses it for business,” Jana Lambert said. “She communicates on it all day long.”
    • Symantec blogger Marian Merritt posted an explanation for the outage “It’s often the case that DDoS attacks come from computers infected with bots, turning them into zombie computers doing their cybercriminal’s bidding. “
    • “ There are people that, for whatever motives, want to bring other people’s companies and services to a halt,” said Walt Mossberg personal technology journalist for the Wall Street Journal on this WSJ Blog. “We need to make these things serious crimes, and we need to get smart in law enforcement, much smarter than we are now, about trying to stop them. I don’t see it as any different than somebody going into a physical business and shooting it up or shutting it down or blocking access to it.”
    • Mossberg added that while Twitter has millions of users, the start-up is lightly staffed. “When they get hit by something like this, it undoubtedly puts a big strain on them.”
    • While this was going on many businesses and individuals hopped over to Facebook as a back-up to only find that that too wasn’t functioning properly.  It was later confirmed that Facebook suffered some network issues in several countries.
    • “ When they were both down, I thought, oh no my company has decided to block these while I’m at work!  I was relieved when I found out that everyone was having the same issues,” said one employee.
    • Yes, we are all relieved that the Twitter outage and Facebook outage were short-lived this time, but isn’t it a little disconcerting how quickly we’ve become addicted to the social media crack?
  • 47.
    • Linking them together
    • Ethical uses
    • Web 2.0
    • Going Viral
    • Widgets
    • http://
  • 48. ASCA Scene
    • http://
  • 49.
    • Facebook is social networking website that is operated and privately owned by Facebook, Inc. Users can add friends, send them messages, and update their personal profiles to notify friends about themselves. Users can also join networks organized by city, workplace, school, and region. The website's name stems from the colloquial name of books given at the start of the academic year by university administrations with the intention of helping students get to know each other better.
    • MySpace is a social networking webiste targeted at a general audience. Launched in 2003, it became one of the most visited websites in the world within a few years. With almost a billion visits per month, MySpace is the most popular social network. MySpace became the most popular social networking site in the United States in June 2006.
    • Twitter is a free social networking and micro-blogging service that enables its users to send and read messages known as tweets. Tweets are text based posts of up to 140 characters displayed on the author's profile page and delivered to the author's subscribers who are known as followers. Senders can restrict delivery to those in their circle of friends or, by default, allow open access. Users can send and receive tweets via the Twitter website, Short MessageService (SMS) or external applications.
    • Flixster is a social movie site allowing users to share movie ratings, discover new movies and meet others with similar movie taste. It has developed applications for several social networking sites. These applications have many of the same features as the main Flixster site, such as ratings, reviews, and user-generated quizzes.
  • 50.
    • LinkedIn is a business-oriented social networking site founded in December 2002 and launched in May 2003 mainly used for professional networking. As of July 2009, it had more than 43 million registered users, spanning 170 industries. The purpose of the site is to allow registered users to maintain a list of contact details of people they know and trust in business. The people in the list are called Connections. Users can invite anyone, whether a site user or not, to become a connection.
    • is a social networking site founded in 2004. Tagged is the subject of numerous customer complaints for sending deceptive bulk mail and is regarded as a phishing and spamming site and an "E-mail scam" by consumer anti-fraud advocates. The site initially targeted U.S. Highschool students but has since opened to users worldwide age 13 and older. The site allows its users to build and customize profiles, send messages, leave comments, post bulletins, customize status, browse photos, watch videos, play games, chat and make friends.
    • is a social network service created in 1995. The social media website helps members find, connect and keep in touch with friends and acquaintances from throughout their lives — including kindergarten, primary school, high school, college, work and the U.S. military. It is free for people to register as a basic member. They can create profiles, view other members' profiles, view other members' profiles, photos, biographies, timelines, interests and announcements, as well as search the entire social network service for friends.
    • is a social networking site similar to MySpace, Facebook and Friendster. It was founded by teenagers and aims to bring together teens all over the world. The idea was to create a digital, interactive version of everyone's favorite old yearbook.
  • 51.
    • LiveJournal is a virtual community where internet users can keep a blog, journal or diary. LiveJournal's differences from other blogging sites include its WELL-like features of a self-contained community and some features similar to other social networking sites.
    • Imeem is a social media service where users interact with each other by watching, posting, and sharing content of all digital media types, including blogs, photos, audio, and video. Launched in October 2004, the service has both a social network structure as well as a content browsing/filtering structure. Visitors to the site may access music, video, photographs, blog posts and polls. It works on an advertising based business model, and is therefore free to use.
    • MyLife (formerly is a social network service founded in 2002 through which people can contact past co-workers, friends, and family members. The company has more than 50 million registered users total. Registration on the site is free, but users must pay a subscription fee to make contacts and access premium features such as the reverse search engine "Who's Searching for You?".
    • Ning is an online platform for people to create their own social networks, launched in October 2005. Ning competes with large social sites like Myspace and Facebook by appealing to people who want to create their own social networks around specific interests with their own visual design, choice of features and member data. The unique feature of Ning is that anyone can create their own social network for a particular topic or need, catering to specific membership bases.
  • 52.
    • Blackplanet is an online niche social networking site targeted especially for the African American community.
    • Bebo, an acronym for "Blog early, blog often", is a socail networking website, founded in January 2005. It can be used in many countries including Ireland, Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia. Bebo is similar to other social networking sites. Each profile must include two specific modules, a comment section where other users can leave a message, and a list of the user's friends.
    • Hi5 is a social networking website. The company was founded in 2003. In Hi5, users create an online profile in order to show information such as interests, age and hometown and upload user pictures where users can post comments. Hi5 also allows the user to create personal photo albums and set up a music player in the profile. Users can also send friend requests via e-mail to other users.
    • Yuku's user profiles are interactive and similar to those at other social networking web sites. Friends can be added or removed, comments can be posted, and private messages exchanged between users. Profiles, message boards and blogs can be personalized via pre-made themes in the skins library, or custom-built using HTML and CSS. The Mini Profile provides basic user information, e.g. name, location, age etc. The rest of the profile comprises blocks that can be turned on, moved up and down, or removed.
  • 53.
    • CafeMom is a place for moms and moms-to-be to connect with one another. In this site you can stay in touch with other moms, share same interests, make new friends and express yourself among other things. It provides you with the possibility of joining mom groups and share personal interests and issues. You can also start a journal where you can ask for advice, share stories or just vent.
    • F riendster is a privately owned social networking website. The service allows users to contact other members, maintain those contacts, and share online content and media with those contacts. The website is also used for dating and discovering new events, bands, and hobbies. Users may share videos, photos, messages and comments with other members via their profile and their network.
    • Xanga is a website that hosts weblogs, photblogs, and social networking websites. It began as a site for sharing book and music reviews. It now has an estimated 40 million users worldwide.
    • Yahoo! 360° was a personal communication portal operated by Yahoo. It was similar to other social networking sites. Users could create personal web sites, share photos from Yahoo! Photos, maintain blogs, lists of local reviews, supply profile information, and see which friends are currently online. 360° also, by default, featured a 'friends updates' section, under which each friend's latest update was summarized. In May 2009 Yahoo! announced that Yahoo! 360° service will be officially closed on July 13, 2009 as Yahoo! developers aimed to "focus their efforts on the new profile on Yahoo".
  • 54.
    • Orkut is a free-access social networking service owned and operated by Google . The service is designed to help users meet new friends and maintain existing relationships. Although Orkut is less popular in the United States than competitors Facebook and Myspace it is one of the most visited websites in India and Brazil.
    • Urbanchat is a website similar to Myspace and Facebook but is directed at users that live in urban areas. It offers users many different features, such as messages, videos, forums, chat and images.
    • Fubar is a social networking site exclusive to people 18 years of age or older. It is a social dating site which allows you to meet new people. Fubar is the Internet's only online bar and Happy Hour where the party goes on 24/7!
    • could not find any explanation of what it is
    • Tickle Inc. is a media company, providing self-discovery, and social networking services. Formerly known as, Tickle was founded on the idea that personal insight and connections to others can be scientific, fun and profitable. The site also allows users to create their own test, that are available for other users to take.
  • 55.
    • Second Life is an online virtual 3D world created by it’s residents. Currency Lindens
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  • 56.
    • Second Life