(born 24November 1961) is an Indian authorand political activist who was bestknown for the award-winning novelThe God of Small Things (1997) andfor her involvement inenvironmental and human rightscauses. Roy’s novel became thebiggest-selling book by a noexpatriate Indian author and wonthe 1998 Man Booker Prize forFiction.
Arundhati Roy was born in Shillong,Meghalaya, India, to Ranjit Roy, a BengaliHindu tea planter and Mary Roy, a MalayaliSyrian Christian womens rights activist. She spent her childhood in Ayemenem inKerala, and went to school at Corpus Christi,Kottayam, followed by the Lawrence School,Lovedale, in Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu. She thenstudied architecture at the School of Planningand Architecture, Delhi, where she met her firsthusband, architect Gerard da Cunha.
Roy met her second husband, filmmakerPradip Krishen, in 1984, and played a villagegirl in his award-winning movie Massey Sahib.Until made financially secure by the success ofher novel The God of Small Things, she workedvarious jobs, including running aerobicsclasses at five-star hotels in New Delhi. Roy isa cousin of prominent media personalityPrannoy Roy, the head of the leading Indian TVmedia group NDTV. She lives in New Delhi.
• Booker Prize – The God of Small Things• National Film Award for Best Screenplay – In Which Annie Gives It Those Ones ( screenplay)• Special recognition as a Woman of Peace• Sydney Peace Prize• Sahitya Akademi Award - The Algebra of Infinite Justice• Norman Mailer Prize
Ayemenem An actual town in the Southern Indian state of Kerala, spelled"Aymanam." Arundhati Roy spent her childhood there, and it is the main setting for The God of Small Things. Caste systemA social system that grades society based on castes, or classes.In India, the class system is hereditary and "stratified accordingto Hindu ritual purity." The highest caste are Brahmans and the lowest are Untouchables. CochinA major city in the South Indian state of Kerala, which hosts the regions major airport. It is where the family goes to greet Sophie Mol and Margaret Kochamma upon their arrival from England.
History HouseThe abandoned house across the river, where Velutha lives with Vellya Paapen and Kuttappen. Estha and Rahel become obsessed with the History House and use the shadowy area surrounding it as their haven from the Ayemenem House. Kerala One of the four states comprising Southern India, located onthe southwest tip of India, bordered to the west by the Arabian Sea and on the east by the Ghat Mountains. Save flashbacks, the entire story of The God of Small Things unfolds in Kerala. Untouchables Those in the caste system who are at the bottom. They are considered unclean, especially by the more "pure" upper castes.
• BABY KOCHAMMA - selfish, self-centered, snippy, and just downright mean - Pappachi’s sister
•PAPPACHI -is Estha and Rahels grandfather, Ammu and Chacko’s father -once an Imperial Entomologist, which is a frou-frou way of saying that he studied bugs for the government. His biggest failure in life came from his biggest triumph: he discovered a rare breed of moth, but he didnt get credit or even naming rights for his discovery -beats his wife regularly
•MAMMACHI - Chacko and Ammus mother and Esthaand Rahels grandmother - nearly blind and plays a mean violin