Music of Thailand - Group 1

4,540 views
4,404 views

Published on

By Trexie, Danielle, Emman O., Jack, Venz, Sean

Published in: Travel, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,540
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
64
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Music of Thailand - Group 1

  1. 1. Group 1Group 1 Geography and HistoryGeography and History of Thailandof Thailand
  2. 2. GEOGRAPHYGEOGRAPHY  Thailand is the world's Thailand is the world's 51st-largest country51st-largest country in terms of in terms of total area, with an area of approximately 513,000total area, with an area of approximately 513,000 kmkm22  (198,000 sq mi), and is the  (198,000 sq mi), and is the  20th-most-populous country20th-most-populous country, with around 64 million, with around 64 million people. The capital and largest city is people. The capital and largest city is BangkokBangkok, which is, which is Thailand's political, commercial, industrial and culturalThailand's political, commercial, industrial and cultural hub. About 75% of the population is ethnically hub. About 75% of the population is ethnically TaiTai, 14% , 14%  Thai ChineseThai Chinese, and 3% is ethnically , and 3% is ethnically MalayMalay;;[1][1]  the rest the rest belong to minority groups including belong to minority groups including MonsMons, , KhmersKhmers and and various various hill tribeshill tribes. The country's official language is . The country's official language is ThaiThai.. The primary religion is The primary religion is BuddhismBuddhism, which is practiced by, which is practiced by around 95% of the population.around 95% of the population.
  3. 3. Borders of ThailandBorders of Thailand  To the north: Laos and BurmaTo the north: Laos and Burma  To the east: Burma and CambodiaTo the east: Burma and Cambodia  To the south: Gulf of Thailand andTo the south: Gulf of Thailand and MalaysiaMalaysia  To the west: Andaman Sea and southernTo the west: Andaman Sea and southern extremity of Burmaextremity of Burma  Its maritime boundaries includeIts maritime boundaries includeVietnamVietnam in the in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and IndonesiaIndonesia  and  and IndiaIndia in the Andaman Sea to the southwest. in the Andaman Sea to the southwest.
  4. 4. N W S E SW SE NENW
  5. 5. N W S E SW SE NENW The Central Plain
  6. 6. N W S E SW SE NENW The Mountain of North- West Thailand The Central Plain
  7. 7. N W S E SW SE NENW The Mountain of North- West Thailand The Central Plain North-east Thailand (The Khorat Plateau) or I-san
  8. 8. N W S E SW SE NENW The Mountain of North- West Thailand The Central Plain South-east Thailand North-east Thailand (The Khorat Plateau) or I-san
  9. 9. N W S E SW SE NENW The Mountain of North- West Thailand The Central Plain Southern Thailand South-east Thailand North-east Thailand (The Khorat Plateau) or I-san
  10. 10. N W S E SW SE NENW The Mountain of North- West Thailand The Central Plain Southern Thailand South-east Thailand North-east Thailand (The Khorat Plateau) or I-san Isthmus of Kra
  11. 11. N W S E SW SE NENW Isthmus of Kra An isthmus is a narrow piece of land with water on each side which joins two larger areas of land.
  12. 12. GOVERNMENTGOVERNMENT  The country is a The country is a constitutional monarchyconstitutional monarchy,, headed by King Rama IX, the ninth king ofheaded by King Rama IX, the ninth king of the House of Chakri, who, having reignedthe House of Chakri, who, having reigned since 1946, is the world's longest-since 1946, is the world's longest- serving head of state and the serving head of state and the longest-longest- reigning monarch reigning monarch in Thai history. The kingin Thai history. The king of Thailand is titled Head of State, Head ofof Thailand is titled Head of State, Head of the Armed Forces, Adherent of Buddhism,the Armed Forces, Adherent of Buddhism, and Upholder of religions.and Upholder of religions.
  13. 13. VOCAL MUSIC OF THAILANDVOCAL MUSIC OF THAILAND
  14. 14.  Songs and singing activities are highlySongs and singing activities are highly important in Thailand.important in Thailand.  Thai music is written in various genres toThai music is written in various genres to suit particular occasion.suit particular occasion.  They are the principal means ofThey are the principal means of expression in entertainment.expression in entertainment.
  15. 15. RITUAL SONGSRITUAL SONGS  Suod - The chanting of religious versesSuod - The chanting of religious verses that is used to worship spiritual andthat is used to worship spiritual and supernatural beings. The verse aresupernatural beings. The verse are transmitted through oral tradition.transmitted through oral tradition.  Thes – Ritual songs that are performedThes – Ritual songs that are performed with improvisations that is learned bywith improvisations that is learned by memory.memory. Not held as sacred as suod canNot held as sacred as suod can be used in poetic reading, recitation, andbe used in poetic reading, recitation, and speech.speech.
  16. 16. ENTERTAINMENT SONGSENTERTAINMENT SONGS  Used to tell stories of customs andUsed to tell stories of customs and traditions.traditions. EXAMPLES:EXAMPLES:  PLAENG KLONDACK - The nurseryPLAENG KLONDACK - The nursery rhymes with irregular rhythmrhymes with irregular rhythm  PLAENG BORK - Songs for male singerPLAENG BORK - Songs for male singer that tell stories and news.that tell stories and news. - Has a fixed musical- Has a fixed musical form.form.
  17. 17. ENTERTAINMENT SONGSENTERTAINMENT SONGS  SEBHA - Popular in Thailand.SEBHA - Popular in Thailand. - Has a fixed of 8 words per line.- Has a fixed of 8 words per line. - A pair of wooden sticks known- A pair of wooden sticks known as KRAB is used to mark rhythmicas KRAB is used to mark rhythmic pattern.pattern. - Combination of three- Combination of three communication aspects singing, speakingcommunication aspects singing, speaking and praying.and praying.
  18. 18. KRABKRAB -- a pair of wooden sticks used to marka pair of wooden sticks used to mark rhythmic patternrhythmic pattern
  19. 19. ENTERTAINMENT SONGSENTERTAINMENT SONGS HAE RUEA -HAE RUEA - Boat song sung followingBoat song sung following the rhythm of the oarsmen.the rhythm of the oarsmen. AEWKLOASAW -AEWKLOASAW - Song sung with aSong sung with a string instrument called saw asstring instrument called saw as accompaniment.accompaniment. SANGKHARA - Beggar’s music that hasSANGKHARA - Beggar’s music that has been adapted for the puppet play calledbeen adapted for the puppet play called HUN KRABORK.HUN KRABORK.
  20. 20. DISTINCT AND UNIQUEDISTINCT AND UNIQUE MUSIC OF THAILANDMUSIC OF THAILAND
  21. 21. CONTENTSCONTENTS  InfluencesInfluences  ClassificationClassification  CharacteristicsCharacteristics  Characteristics of ThaiCharacteristics of Thai musicmusic
  22. 22. INFLUENCESINFLUENCES INDIAINDIA CHINACHINA CAMBODIACAMBODIA BURMABURMA LAOSLAOS
  23. 23. ORAL CULTUREORAL CULTURE •““Knowledge”Knowledge” according toaccording to Buddhism, is aBuddhism, is a “frozen“frozen Dharmasastra…” orDharmasastra…” or a fully developed yeta fully developed yet static system of thestatic system of the right formulas andright formulas and appropriate rules.appropriate rules. •Music and religionMusic and religion are interlinked.are interlinked. •It was based on theIt was based on the same fundamentalsame fundamental tenets.tenets.
  24. 24. TRADITIONAL THAI MUSICTRADITIONAL THAI MUSIC FOLK MUSICFOLK MUSIC  Extensively used byExtensively used by people in the villages.people in the villages. CLASSICAL MUSICCLASSICAL MUSIC  Evolved in many royalEvolved in many royal households and washouseholds and was used both for ceremoniesused both for ceremonies and the entertainment ofand the entertainment of the ruling class.the ruling class.
  25. 25. FOLK MUSICFOLK MUSIC • It is as diverse as the number of distinctIt is as diverse as the number of distinct regional traditions in the country.regional traditions in the country. • Most of these performances includeMost of these performances include dances and festivities related todances and festivities related to Buddhism.Buddhism.
  26. 26. STYLE OF FOLK MUSICSTYLE OF FOLK MUSIC MORLAMMORLAM  It is dominant in Thailand’s North-eastern region,It is dominant in Thailand’s North-eastern region, mainly inhabited by the Lao population.mainly inhabited by the Lao population.  It focuses on the dully life of the rural poor.It focuses on the dully life of the rural poor.  It is characterized by rapid rhythmic vocals andIt is characterized by rapid rhythmic vocals and a funk style of percussion.a funk style of percussion.  There are about 15 regional variations ofThere are about 15 regional variations of MorMor Lam.Lam. These are however lately influenced byThese are however lately influenced by modern Western music, and were later knownmodern Western music, and were later known asas “Mor Lam Sing.”“Mor Lam Sing.”
  27. 27. STYLE OF FOLK MUSICSTYLE OF FOLK MUSIC KANTRUMKANTRUM  It is played by Cambodian population inIt is played by Cambodian population in Thailand.Thailand.  It is a swift and traditional dance music.It is a swift and traditional dance music.  It is characterized by the dominant soundIt is characterized by the dominant sound of theof the Cho-kantrumCho-kantrum, vocal singers,, vocal singers, percussion and fiddles.percussion and fiddles.
  28. 28. STYLE OF FOLK MUSICSTYLE OF FOLK MUSIC LUK THUNGLUK THUNG  Literally when combined asLiterally when combined as Phleng Luk ThungPhleng Luk Thung as “children of the fields.”as “children of the fields.”  It became the more popular style of Thai countryIt became the more popular style of Thai country music which even now pervades some 90% ofmusic which even now pervades some 90% of radio air waves.radio air waves.  It reflects the daily trials and difficulties of ruralIt reflects the daily trials and difficulties of rural folks.folks.  It has been developed only in the mid 20It has been developed only in the mid 20thth century, and is still now being further enrichedcentury, and is still now being further enriched by influences coming from western music.by influences coming from western music.
  29. 29. CLASSICAL MUSICCLASSICAL MUSIC  It is held only at tourist attractions andIt is held only at tourist attractions and during formal ceremonies.during formal ceremonies.  During the Bangkok Period (1768-1932During the Bangkok Period (1768-1932 A.D.), music and arts were revived. ThaiA.D.), music and arts were revived. Thai classical music has been then classifiedclassical music has been then classified by level orby level or “chan”,“chan”, based on the speed ofbased on the speed of the tempo. The level and scale combine tothe tempo. The level and scale combine to create specific feelings or emotions.create specific feelings or emotions.
  30. 30. CHARACTERISTICS OF THAI MUSICCHARACTERISTICS OF THAI MUSIC The beauty of the intricately wovenThe beauty of the intricately woven layers of rhythm and pitch.layers of rhythm and pitch.
  31. 31. CHARACTERISTICSCHARACTERISTICS  The performance of several variations of aThe performance of several variations of a piece of music played by differentpiece of music played by different instruments or sung simultaneouslyinstruments or sung simultaneously.. Instrumentalists improvise idiomaticallyInstrumentalists improvise idiomatically around the central melody. This is knownaround the central melody. This is known asas HeterophonyHeterophony..  AA melodymelody is consisting of two or fouris consisting of two or four measures that may joined by four othermeasures that may joined by four other phrase units to make a phrase block.phrase units to make a phrase block.
  32. 32. CHARACTERISTICSCHARACTERISTICS  The tuning system is made up of sevenThe tuning system is made up of seven tempered tones to an octave. However,tempered tones to an octave. However, melodies are composed using only five outmelodies are composed using only five out of seven tones, very similar to theof seven tones, very similar to the Chinese pentatonic scaleChinese pentatonic scale..  Rhythmically, their music isRhythmically, their music is steady in tempo,steady in tempo, regular in pulses, done in simple dupleregular in pulses, done in simple duple meter, without swing, and with themeter, without swing, and with the emphasis placed on the final beat of aemphasis placed on the final beat of a measure or group of phasesmeasure or group of phases, as opposed to, as opposed to European music.European music.
  33. 33. CHARACTERISTICSCHARACTERISTICS  Thai music is characterized by theThai music is characterized by the layering of the rhythms and pitcheslayering of the rhythms and pitches rather than by the usual harmony,rather than by the usual harmony, chord progressions, and melodieschord progressions, and melodies which are so important to Western music.which are so important to Western music.

×