Application of Solar Energy

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Application of Solar Energy

  1. 1. Applications of Solar Energy
  2. 2. Fossil Fuels -- about 50 years! <ul><li>Wright Brothers  Aviation Industry </li></ul><ul><li>1903 1940’s </li></ul><ul><li>First High Speed  Large-scale Computer </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-- WW 2 Industry -- 1960’s </li></ul><ul><li>First Nuclear Chain  Nuclear Power </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction -- 1942 1970’s </li></ul>
  3. 3. Energy from Sun Output of Sun 3.8 x 10 23 kW Solar Energy Received by 1.7 x 10 14 kW Earth and Atmosphere World Population of 10 10 1.0 x 10 11 kW with 10 kW/person needs Enough Energy even if 1% Land Area Collects Energy at 10% Conversion Efficiency
  4. 4. Benefits & Limitations No Pollution No Political Control Unlimited Low Technology Intermittent Low Density (Cost Effectiveness Social Acceptance
  5. 6. Categories of Applications Power --Thermal --Solar Ponds --Hydrogen --Hydro-thermal --OTEC --Tidal --Wave --WECS --Bio-mass --Photo-voltaic Industrial , Agricultural --Water Pumping --Dryers --Green-houses --Desalination --Chilling --Process Steam --Furnaces Domestic --Water-heating --Space-heating --Cooking --R & A/C
  6. 7. Water-heater (Tube/Sheet) 200 L
  7. 8. Tank - Collector Type 75 L
  8. 9. Portable Solar Still (Gunny)
  9. 10. Solar Cooker (Hot Box Type)
  10. 11. Solar Steam Cooker
  11. 12. Concentrator Type Cooker
  12. 13. Portable Solar Dryer
  13. 14. Solar PV Street Light
  14. 15. Reactor-type Concentrators

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