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Application of Solar Energy

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Powerpoint slides of K.V.K. Nehru

Powerpoint slides of K.V.K. Nehru

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Transcript

  • 1. Applications of Solar Energy
  • 2. Fossil Fuels -- about 50 years!
    • Wright Brothers  Aviation Industry
    • 1903 1940’s
    • First High Speed  Large-scale Computer
    • Computer-- WW 2 Industry -- 1960’s
    • First Nuclear Chain  Nuclear Power
    • Reaction -- 1942 1970’s
  • 3. Energy from Sun Output of Sun 3.8 x 10 23 kW Solar Energy Received by 1.7 x 10 14 kW Earth and Atmosphere World Population of 10 10 1.0 x 10 11 kW with 10 kW/person needs Enough Energy even if 1% Land Area Collects Energy at 10% Conversion Efficiency
  • 4. Benefits & Limitations No Pollution No Political Control Unlimited Low Technology Intermittent Low Density (Cost Effectiveness Social Acceptance
  • 5.  
  • 6. Categories of Applications Power --Thermal --Solar Ponds --Hydrogen --Hydro-thermal --OTEC --Tidal --Wave --WECS --Bio-mass --Photo-voltaic Industrial , Agricultural --Water Pumping --Dryers --Green-houses --Desalination --Chilling --Process Steam --Furnaces Domestic --Water-heating --Space-heating --Cooking --R & A/C
  • 7. Water-heater (Tube/Sheet) 200 L
  • 8. Tank - Collector Type 75 L
  • 9. Portable Solar Still (Gunny)
  • 10. Solar Cooker (Hot Box Type)
  • 11. Solar Steam Cooker
  • 12. Concentrator Type Cooker
  • 13. Portable Solar Dryer
  • 14. Solar PV Street Light
  • 15. Reactor-type Concentrators