Oscar Retrospective Part 1

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A basic history of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences, and the Academy Awards.

A basic history of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences, and the Academy Awards.

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  • 1. Oscar Films Through The Years: A Retrospective Part 1: The Early Years
  • 2. Louis B. Mayer
    • His goal was to organize the film industry
    • Founded the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences
    • Five original branches of the Academy:
      • Producers
      • Actors
      • Directors
      • Writers
      • Technicians
    The five branches are represented by five spokes on Oscar’s film reel
  • 3. Who’s Oscar?
    • Name: Academy Award of Merit
    • Height: 13 ½ inches
    • Weight: 8 ½ pounds
    • Design: A knight holding a Crusader’s sword, standing on film reel with five spokes
    • Material: Gold plated metal alloy
    • But WHY is it
    • called Oscar ??
  • 4. Oscar by any other name
    • 1927/28 – 1928/29:
      • Most Outstanding Production
      • Most Artistic Quality of Production
      • Outstanding Picture
    • 1929/30 – 1940:
      • Outstanding Production
    • 1941-1943:
      • Outstanding Motion Picture
    • 1944 – 1961:
      • Best Motion Picture
    • 1962 – current:
      • Best Picture
  • 5. 1929 – The First Awards
    • First Ceremony was a private banquet at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel
    Douglas Fairbanks Giving Janet Gaynor First Best Actress Oscar … for her work in Seventh Heaven , as well as Street Angel, and Sunrise
    • Winners at first Awards were announced months in advance
    • Sealed envelopes weren’t used until 1941 after LA Times leaked the winners
  • 6. 1934
    • It Happened One Night
      • The Barretts of Wimpole Street
      • Cleopatra
      • Flirtation Walk
      • The Gay Divorcee
      • Here Comes the Navy
      • The House of Rothchild
      • Imitation of Life
      • One Night of Love
      • The Thin Man
      • Viva Villa!
      • The White Parade
  • 7.
    • First film to win the Big Four Oscars:
      • Best Picture
      • Best Director
      • Best Actor
      • Best Actress
    • Also won Best Screenplay
    • Many other actors turned down roles, not liking the script
      • Robert Montgomery
      • Myrna Loy
      • Constance Bennett
  • 8.