“ Chile: building an AgriFood Innovation System to meet the Challenges of the Future” Seamus Crosse Teagasc Ireland National Agriculture Research and Innovation Strategy - Ireland
National Research Strategy (IRL)
EU and IRL model of Innovation
Agriculture in Ireland
Agriculture and Food Research Funding in Ireland
A vision for Teagasc
Research Institutions - Ireland
14 Institutes of Technology
Publicly supported specialised Institutes
Royal College of Surgeons
Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies
Teagasc (Agriculture & Food Development Authority
Investment in Research
Gross Expenditure on R&D in 2006
~€2.3 billion an increase of 14% over 2005 (1.6% of GNP)
Public sources of this investment ~ 33%
Public Funding of R&D
Increased by more than 300% from 1996 to 2006
Public investment in science, technology and innovation will amount to ~€8.2 billion ($6,334 B) under the National Development Plan 2007-2013
Human Capital in Research
28% of all third-level graduations in 2005 were in the disciplines of Science and Engineering.
810 PhDs were awarded in Irish Institutions in 2005: 462 of these were in the disciplines of Science and Engineering.
The target under the Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation is to increase the annual PhD output to 1,300 by 2013
Science Foundation Ireland - Helping Ireland Recruit and Retain Research Groups
Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) is a key organisation in the implementation of the NDP 2007-2013 and the Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation 2006-2013 . A sum of €8.2 billion has been allocated for scientific research under the NDP and SSTI of which SFI has responsibility to invest €1.4 billion. SFI will continue to invest in academic researchers and research teams who are most likely to generate new knowledge, leading edge technologies and competitive enterprises in the fields of science and engineering underpinning three broad areas:
Information and communications technology
Sustainable energy and energy-efficient technologies
In addition, the Research Frontiers Programme supports the very best research in a broad range of disciplines in Science, Mathematics and Engineering.
SFI makes grants based upon the merit review of distinguished scientists.
SFI also advances co-operative efforts among education, government, and industry that support its fields of emphasis and promotes Ireland’s ensuing achievements around the world.
What is Innovation and why is it important?
Innovation is the creative process of exploiting new ideas.
A more complex definition describes innovation as the exploitation of new ideas in pursuit of a competitive advantage, including the development of new or enhanced products and services and the introduction of new business models, new organisational structures or new work practices.
What is Innovation and why is it important? (Cont,)
While innovation has traditionally been seen as technology-led, it is today seen in a broader context. The EU recognises the need to raise the levels of innovation across both the technological and non-technological arenas. In December 2006, the EU Competitiveness Council adopted a broad-based innovation strategy as an integral part of the EU’s Competitiveness programme.
What is Innovation and why is it important? (Cont,)
Rather than being based necessarily on major breakthroughs, business innovation is often incremental and built on the day-to-day expertise of employees and their thorough knowledge of customers and competitors. For them, innovation may be about making non-technical adjustments that have significant customer impact with correspondingly little cost.
New thinking and policies on services innovation are being developed. Many services firms serving international markets from Ireland, for example, have been particularly successful in adopting innovative approaches to servicing international supply chains
Innovation and Public Policy
While enterprises and individuals are the primary sources of innovation, public policy can establish the right framework conditions for innovation to flourish. The State (Ireland) has committed €8.2 billion to implementing the Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation .
Axes of Innovation
Knowledge creation – Building a world class research system
Knowledge Transfer – From research to market place
Skills Development – Life long learning and the National Skills Strategy
Public Procurement – Leverage for Innovation
Networks, Clusters, & Gateways – Innovation through collaboration
Intellectual property protection and management – maximising return on investment
Services and emerging sectors – Innovation where it is most needed and least expected
Entrepreneurship and Business Expansion – The innovation future
Partnership and workplace innovation – The future of work
Competition and better regulation – Government as a driver of Innovation
Role of Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry and Food Sector to the Irish Economy 10.5 6.0 % of Exports 8.2 5.5 % of Employment 6.3 2.5 % of Gross value added Agri-Food Sector Primary Sector Year 2007
Land Usage (Ireland)
Land Area 6.9 million Hectares
4.3 million ha agriculture
0.724 million ha for forestry
80 % of agriculture area is devoted to pasture, 11% to rough grazing and 9% to crops.
Beef and milk production account for 56% of agriculture output.
Output at Producer Prices Value of Output at Producer level €5.7 billion
Farm Income 80% of farmers or spouses had an off-farm source of income On 41% of farms the holder had an off-farm job € 44,000 Full time farmers income € 20,000 Average farm income € 54,000 State average income € 58,000 $44,819,387 Farm household income
Irish self sufficiency in selected agriculture produce 354 Cheese 78 Cereals 1054 Butter 97 Milk 95 Poultry meat 406 Sheep meat 149 Pigment 675 Beef 236 Total Meat %
Agriculture and Food Research - Funding
European Community (EU) competitive funding to research organisations in Europe.
Competitive funding open to research organisations in Ireland (Irish Government)
Commercial organisations (contract research)
Direct funding to Teagasc (Agriculture & Food Development Authority)
European (FP7) – Food, Agriculture & Fisheries, and the Biotechnology
The primary aim of funding the 'Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology' research theme under the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) is to build a European Knowledge Based Bio-Economy (KBBE)
What will be funded?
The EU Member States have earmarked more than € 1.9 billion for funding this theme over the duration of FP7.
The 'Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology' theme is built around three major activities':
Sustainable production and management of biological resources from land, forest and aquatic environments;
Fork to farm: Food (including seafood), health and well-being;
Life sciences, biotechnology and biochemistry for sustainable non-food products and processes.
Ireland (DAFF) – Research Stimulus Fund
Research Stimulus Fund
The Department of Agriculture and Food's Research Stimulus Fund (RSF) is funded under the National Development Plan 2007-2013.
The Research Stimulus Fund provides funding, on a competitive basis, to the Irish research institutes for 'public good' agricultural production related research.
The main aims of the programme are to:
Facilitate research that fills gaps in the mainstream programme,
To support sustainable and competitive agricultural production practices and policies
Contribute to building and maintaining a knowledge economy and research capability in the agriculture sector.
Funding in excess of €43m has been provided under Calls held in 2005, 2006 and 2007 in respect of 85 projects in the Agri-Environment: Biodiversity, Nutrients and Gaseous Emissions, Animal Bioscience, Plant Bioscience, Non-Food Uses of Agricultural Land/Produce, Plant Health, Forestry and Agri-Economy & Policy areas
Ireland (DAFF) – Food Institutional Research Measure (FIRM) ( Funded under the National Development Plan)
Food Institutional Research Measure (FIRM)
The Department of Agriculture and Food's Food Institutional Research Measure (FIRM) is the primary national funding mechanism for food research in third level colleges and research institutes such as Teagasc . FIRM is a public good competitive programme whereby multi-disciplinary teams from two or more institutions usually carry out the research projects. Research outputs are communicated to industry by a dedicated dissemination team known as RELAY.
FIRM aims to develop public good technologies that will:
Underpin a competitive, innovative and sustainable food manufacturing and marketing sector.
The programme is creating a base of knowledge and expertise in generic technologies that will support a modern, consumer-focused industry and build Ireland's capacity for R&D.
A key output of the FIRM is highly trained young researchers at PhD and postdoctoral level, with specialist skills particularly relevant to the Irish food sector.
Awards (193 projects) of approximately €97 million were made during the period 2000-2006.
Teagasc – Agriculture and Food Development Authority Board 11 Members Director Agriculture Research Food Research Advisory /Extension Service Education /Vocational Training Administration
Teagasc Budget by Service allocation Total Budget €160.8m
Source of Income
Research and Innovation Teagasc Foresight
As policy makers have to have a more rational basis for decision making, a vision is needed
As knowledge dynamics speed up, a framework is needed for emerging knowledge to be positioned
As the world grows more complex, a concept of how the pieces will interact help plan to-day.
Socially, groups that are motivated around a visions can contribute more effectively towards it
ELIE FAROULTEU EU Foresight Unit
The Role of National Foresight Processes
Vehicle for national debate on future prospects and policies to meet desired socio-economic goals
Positions various public / semi-public initiatives relative to each other, policy relationships and systemic structures in positive context
Translates science of to-day, technology of tomorrow into desired social aims like sustainability, quality of life etc day after tomorrow
Helps business make strategic decisions
Helps national policy in global and regional arenas
ELIE FAROULTEU EU Foresight Unit
Some Typical Outcomes of National Foresight Processes
Process takes over from content, continuity
New networks created, can generate momentum
Incomplete picture from narrow scopes
Information disseminated, public aroused
Forward Thinking Culture, positivism
Regions and sectors can feed from it
Interdisciplinary approaches enabled
Human capital policies improved
Policy framework going forward
ELIE FAROULTEU EU Foresight Unit
(Science & Technology) Foresight
Thinking the future
Identifying today’s RTDI priorities on the basis of scenarios of future developments in science and technology, society and economy.
Debating the future
A participative process involving many and different stakeholders (public authorities, industry, research organisations, non‑ governmental organisations, etc.)
Shaping the future
Identifying possible futures, imagining desirable futures, and defining strategies. Results are fed into public decision-making but also help participants themselves to develop or adjust their strategies.
ELIE FAROULTEU EU Foresight Unit
The Emerging Irish Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy – Positioning Teagasc to Grasp the Opportunity
The nature of profound change – a unique historical opportunity
“ Farming, or the management of the natural resources, now stands in the front line of the sustainable development in the modern global economy and we are already living through a process of transition to a sustainable knowledge-based bio-economy, or KBBE ” …
An end to the era of cheap food – a growing consensus that we are facing trend of real food price increases
Food security back on the agenda
Opportunities presented by the onset of ‘peak oil’ and transition to post-petroleum economy
Need to address impacts of climate change
Need to sustainably manage natural resources
Opportunities presented by structural shifts in consumer food preferences, e.g. food for health, etc.
Agriculture’s contribution to the ‘knowledge economy’
A key proposition …
Agriculture’s role and contribution to the promotion of the ‘knowledge economy’ can be best captured by its ability to maximize the contribution that is possible through exploitation of the resources of the bio-economy.
What is the bio-economy or bio-sector?
The bio-economy represents economic activity that uses renewable bio-resources and bio-processes to produce sustainable bio-products, jobs and income.
It encompasses the natural and biological resources that provide the raw materials for the products we depend on across all areas of life embracing food, animal feed, fuel and industrial materials .
A Strategic Vision for Teagasc
Teagasc will be viewed as …
An internationally recognized centre of excellence that supports the innovation needs of the Irish agri-food sector and the wider bio-economy.
Teagasc activity in the medium term
Innovation support via science-based
‘ knowledge transfer’
Commodity food production and processing
High value-added food processing
Public goods and services
Other bio-production and processing activity
Motivating the next generation
Market & policy change
Low technological absorption capacity
Good incomes & lifestyle
Comparative advantage in grass
Abolition of quotas
Recreational value of natural resources
Exploitation of new technology
Farmers of the future
Open to new models of doing business
Ability to cope with risk
Producers of food, feed and bio-products
Processors of the Future
Greater production of local and artisan products
Bio-products & services
The bio-economy – a key sector in future national prosperity
Bio-economy exports €14.3 billion
(10.7% GNP) and growing …
Driven by indigenous raw materials & knowledge base
GNP contribution per 100 € of exports …
Bio-economy ( incl. agri-food ) = €48
Non-bio-economy = €19
‘ Innovation is about new-ideas adding-value …’
e.g. Den 1% of need
Publish or perish
Do it yourself (authorship)
Just in case
Discipline and curiosity driven Converts $ to knowledge
Converts knowledge to €s
e.g. Den 99% of need
Demo or die
Get it done (strategic)
Just in time
Multi-disciplinary, agnostic and problem oriented
“ To support science-based innovation in the agri-food sector and the wider bio-economy that will underpin profitability, competitiveness and sustainability”…
“ To be internationally recognized for providing excellent science-based innovation support for the agri-food sector and the wider bio-economy”…
“ To help build sustainable rural communities”…
Uniqueness of Teagasc as a knowledge provider
One institution combines
knowledge creation (research)
knowledge transfer (advisory)
knowledge absorption (education & training)
High level of resources devoted to knowledge transfer
Focus on transfer of useable knowledge
Teagasc –a key player in Ireland’s knowledge economy
7% of R&D spend
200+ research staff
300+ advisory staff
175 4 th level (Ph.D) students
The traditional ‘knowledge-transfer system – ‘Gatekeeper’ Model The Agri-Food & Rural Economy Teagasc -Advisory -Training -Research Partners
The future ‘knowledge transfer’ system ‘Open innovation’ model The BioEconomy Pillar 1 –Food Production and Processing Pillar 2 : Value added food Processing Pillar 3 : Agri environmental Products and Services Pillar 4 : Energy & BioProcessing Global Partners European Partners Irish Partners Teagasc -Advisory -Training -Research