This lecture note has been summarized from lecture note on Introduction to VLSI Design, VLSI Circuit Design all over the world. I can’t remember where those slide come from. However, I’d like to thank all professors who create such a good work on those lecture notes. Without those lectures, this slide can’t be finished.
although invented before bipolar transistor, was initially difficult to manufacture
nMOS (n-channel MOS) technology developed in 1970s required fewer masking steps, was denser, and consumed less power than equivalent bipolar ICs => an MOS IC was cheaper than a bipolar IC and led to investment and growth of the MOS IC market.