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E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext
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E18 Gmw Final Report 2011 07 22 Ext

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Concept development report for E18 concerning ITS and living lab network development @roadcongress http://www.aipcrmexico2011.org

Concept development report for E18 concerning ITS and living lab network development @roadcongress http://www.aipcrmexico2011.org

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    • 1. THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION FINAL REPORT 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX. IMPLEMENT INSIDE THE NEW BOX.
    • 2. THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION CONTENTS 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION 1. WHAT IS THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY? What is E18? 3 Multiple views to the E18 green motorway 4 2. OPPORTUNITIES OF E18 GREEN MOTORWAY Why E18 is a good opportunity for development initiatives? 5 Academic framework emphasises infrastructure in common good creation 6 Layer model breaks down the E18 green motorway ecosystem 7 E18 specific view based on green motorway workshop 8 3. THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONTENTS E18 GMW mission and vision 9 Chain of nodes, border and economics 10 Development initiatives and test beds and living lab 11 Dialogue, green charter and business corridor 12 SHOK initiative: rationale and prerequisites for the E18 GMW initiative 13 4. THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY ROADMAP From pre-study to national and international initiatives 14 Links between detailed actions and national competitiveness 15 PIARC 2011 in Mexico City and other congresses 16 Next actions 17–19 5. SUMMARY 20 6. NEXT STEPS (SHORT-TERM) 21 APPENDICES Appendix A. Elements of green motorway 22 Appendix B. International benchmark 30 Appendix C. Preliminary assignment contents 38 Appendix D. Green Motorway workshop 25 March 2011 41 Appendix E. Workshop results: GMW concept v0.1 46 Appendix F. Interview and meetings 55 Appendix G. EU interoperability framework 57 Appendix H. Concept map of the E18 GMW initiative 59
    • 3. 1. WHAT IS THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY? WHAT IS E18? <ul><li>E18 is a Northern European route (1890 km) from Craigavon in the United Kingdom to Saint Petersburg in Russia, passing through Norway, Sweden, and Finland. E18 continues as E105 from Saint Petersburg to Moscow and further to Crimean peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>E18 is Finland’s most significant road connection internationally and it is part of EU’s TEN-T transport infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>In Finland, E18 is a road connection from the ports of Turku and Naantali in southwest Finland through the Helsinki metropolitan area to the Vaalimaa border crossing (Naantali–Turku–Salo–Lohja–Helsinki–Porvoo–Loviisa–Kotka–Hamina–Vaalimaa). </li></ul><ul><li>At Russian side E18 goes along the Russian route M10 from Finnish border to Saint Petersburg. </li></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION Vyborg Belfast Newcastle Kristiansand Oslo Karlstad Stockholm Turku Helsinki St Petersburg
    • 4. 1. WHAT IS THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY? E18 IN FINLAND <ul><li>The most important corridor between Finland and Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the EU’s trans-European transport network </li></ul>New motorway section between Koskenkylä and Vaalimaa; total investments over €1bn by 2020
    • 5. 1. WHAT IS THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY? IT’S GREEN, SMART AND PROFITABLE <ul><li>tested, easily accessible and sustainable services </li></ul><ul><li>compensation - advantages for disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>sustainable infrastructure and practices </li></ul><ul><li>smooth cross-border travelling </li></ul><ul><li>intelligent traffic service corridor </li></ul><ul><li>growing cross-border business corridor: work, growth &amp; investments </li></ul><ul><li>sustainable traffic, e.g. low emissions </li></ul><ul><li>increased common good and economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>guidelines for future motorway ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>living lab environment for transportation corridor </li></ul>E18 Green motorway is green, smart and profitable
    • 6. 1. WHAT IS THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY? MULTIPLE VIEWS TO E18 GREEN MOTORWAY 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION <ul><li>Defines a methodology to create a balanced and sustainable corridor, e.g. transportation related business, CO 2 neutrality </li></ul><ul><li>Outlines the infrastructure and balanced sustainability of future motorways </li></ul>3. Brands E18 as a new market place to promote e.g. services, local business and tourism. 6. Forms a living lab environment and networks to foreign living labs 2. Builds a green corridor for transportation, environment, business and interoperability 1. Converts over €1bn of investments to innovation, productivity and new business E18 GREEN MOTORWAY 8. Forms a portfolio of development projects in services and technologies 7. Catalyses dialogue between the stakeholders to determine E18 goals and measures
    • 7. 2. OPPORTUNITIES OF THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY WHY E18 IS A GOOD OPPORTUNITY FOR DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES? 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION Finland <ul><li>E18 road refurbishment: maximise benefits from over €1bn of extra investments </li></ul><ul><li>Public–private partnership investment model </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation test bed and living lab needed: no comprehensive test environments exist </li></ul><ul><li>E18 corridor’s intermodality: ports, railway, roads, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Good relations between Finnish and Russian ministries of transport and coming co-operation agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability between Finland and Russia </li></ul>EU … International <ul><li>The EU’s outer border with Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Exemption from visa the new convention in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Connection point between European and Asian transport networks </li></ul><ul><li>E18 is a part of European TEN-T corridors </li></ul><ul><li>A leading member of global living lab network </li></ul><ul><li>Environment to create technology &amp; services in motorway environment </li></ul>Asian railway network Asian highway network EU’s trans-national axes
    • 8. 2. OPPORTUNITIES OF THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY ACADEMIC FRAMEWORK EMPHASISES INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE COMMON GOOD CREATION 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION According to Porter (1990) on national competitiveness, clusters formed of firms, customers, resources and supporting infrastructure create productivity, innovation and new business or, in Keynesian terms, increase the common good. Source: Adapted from Porter, M.E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York (NY), The Free Press. 855 p. Customers Supporting firms and infrastructure Business Resources Supporting firms and infrastructure Customers Business Resources Government Government Chance Chance Exports Exports EU … Finland Russia … China Imports Imports Productivity Innovation New business Productivity Innovation New business E18
    • 9. 2. OPPORTUNITIES OF THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY LAYER MODEL BREAKS DOWN THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY ECOSYSTEM 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION Source: Pöyry analysis. Layer approach adapted from Murman, E.M., Allen, T.J. Engineering systems: an aircraft perspective. Engineering systems symposium, MIT, 2003. Environment <ul><li>Roads, railways, canals, ports, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation and energy systems, city logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting systems: technology, IT, energy, architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Town planning, zoning </li></ul>Elements <ul><li>Services and products of separate organisations in the E18 green motorway environment </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. electricity vehicles and wind power </li></ul><ul><li>Test bed environment for elements </li></ul>Structures <ul><li>Supporting structures enabling element integration </li></ul><ul><li>Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives, regulation and legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Branding, behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Enables and finances living labs and test beds </li></ul>Systems <ul><li>Business systems </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation and logistics systems </li></ul><ul><li>Development systems </li></ul><ul><li>Energy production systems </li></ul><ul><li>Living labs’ networks </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability of the systems </li></ul>
    • 10. 2. OPPORTUNITIES OF THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY E18 SPECIFIC VIEW BASED ON GREEN MOTORWAY WORKSHOP 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION 2. Border 1. Chain of nodes 5. Living lab 4. Development initiatives and test beds 3. Economics 6. Dialogue 8. Business corridor 7. Green charter Exports Imports
    • 11. 2. OPPORTUNITIES OF THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY E18 SPECIFIC VIEW BASED ON GREEN MOTORWAY WORKSHOP 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION 2. Border 1. Chain of nodes 5. Living lab 4. Development initiatives and test beds 3. Economics 6. Dialogue 8. Business corridor 7. Green charter <ul><li>The concept of the chain of infrastructure nodes is comprised of green transportation, business and energy corridors, the EU–Russian border and urban area zones and their interfaces. </li></ul><ul><li>The chain promotes transportation intermodality and supporting infrastructure: e.g. ports, railway, roads, telecommunications. </li></ul><ul><li>The chain of nodes defines a framework consisting all elements from comprehensive systems to individual development initiatives and focuses especially on public and private supply and demand including all corridor related investments and spending. The framework indicates the business potential of Green Motorway infrastructure, markets and services. </li></ul><ul><li>The border between the EU and Russia opens up possibilities to promote business and tourism as well as expand economic and governance co-operation, e.g. in terms of EU’s interoperability initiatives over EU boundaries. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the key targets of E18 GMW is to promote cross-border and regional business: imports, exports, tourism, agriculture, education, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The green corridor creates a sustainable marketplace for services and infrastructure, e.g. for border transit advancements. </li></ul><ul><li>In essence, the corridor promotes productivity, innovation and new business. </li></ul><ul><li>The test bed creates a platform for experimentation of especially new technologies by equipping certain parts of the road with enabling technologies, such as sensors and tubing. </li></ul><ul><li>Already, the E18 GMW initiative has identified numerous development initiatives during the last two years that can be further developed and tested in test bed environment. Possible innovations of E18 GMW are shown in Appendix A. </li></ul><ul><li>E18 will form a main motorway test bed in Finland. </li></ul><ul><li>Living lab is a user-centric, open-innovation ecosystem for developing service and system innovations. </li></ul><ul><li>The E18 GMW living lab extends across the EU–Russian border to promote interoperability in services, governance and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>The living lab mashes up co-operating partners with well-matched visions, aligned priorities and focused objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>The living lab gathers separate development projects into a project portfolio consisting of ecological, energy efficiency, smart and intelligence, safety and interoperability initiatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides national innovation, the system is open for innovations coming from e.g. international living labs meeting the targets of balanced sustainability. </li></ul><ul><li>The means to achieve the E18 GMW’s sustainable targets are open for innovation, if possible, frugal ones. </li></ul><ul><li>The target to maximise the common good is set by a transparent and democratic dialogue between the stakeholders of the corridor. </li></ul><ul><li>The E18 GMW initiative provides a political context for dialogue between the EU and Russia as well as between the development initiatives. </li></ul><ul><li>The green charter defines the activities for common good and sustainability in the E18 GMW environment. The common good is defined as balanced sustainability of social, environmental and economical factors maximising the value of the system. </li></ul><ul><li>The green charted describes the E18 GMW environment as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a real market place for border transit boundary advancements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a development project portfolio to consist of ecological, energy efficiency, smart and intelligence, safety and interoperability advances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Green charter promotes changes in public sector thinking: from traffic flow and safety to business support and sustainability. </li></ul><ul><li>Green business corridor programme coordinates development portfolios on element, structure and system levels consisting of ecology, energy efficiency, intelligence, safety and interoperability advances (business target). </li></ul>Exports Imports
    • 12. 3. THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY INITIATIVE CONTENTS E18 GMW MISSION AND VISION 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION 8. Business corridor 6. Dialogue 7. Green charter 4. Development initiatives and test beds 5. Living lab 3. Economics 2. Border 1. Chain of nodes <ul><li>The E18 Green Motorway vision </li></ul><ul><li>In 2014, the E18 Green Motorway is </li></ul><ul><li>a sustainable transportation, business, energy and interoperability corridor linking Southern Finland and Russia </li></ul><ul><li>a model for future motorway systems, “zero vision” to benchmark against </li></ul><ul><li>an ecosystem creating a marketplace for sustainable services and technology </li></ul><ul><li>an arena for dialogue on balanced sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Europe’s leading transportation living lab in sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>one of the key hubs in knowledge sharing in the network of international living labs </li></ul><ul><li>sustainable, green and ecological, energy efficient, smart and intelligence, safe, benefiting society, creating business opportunities, a platform for development initiatives and interoperable. </li></ul><ul><li>coordinated by the strategic centres for science, technology and innovation for the built environment and the ICT sector (RYM and TIVIT). </li></ul>The E18 Green Motorway’s mission is to maximise the common good by utilising the ecosystem build over E18 motorway in the best way. The common good is measured by balanced sustainability of social, environmental and economical factors maximising the value of the E18 Green Motorway.
    • 13. 3. THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY INITIATIVE CONTENTS CHAIN OF NODES, BORDER AND ECONOMICS 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION 8. Business corridor 6. Dialogue 7. Green charter 4. Development initiatives and test beds 5. Living lab 3. Economics 2. Border 1. Chain of nodes <ul><li>1. Chain of nodes </li></ul><ul><li>The concept of the chain of infrastructure nodes is comprised of green transportation, business and energy corridors, the EU–Russian border and urban area zones and their interfaces. </li></ul><ul><li>The chain promotes transportation intermodality and supporting infrastructure: e.g. ports, railway, roads, telecommunications. </li></ul><ul><li>The chain of nodes defines a framework consisting all elements from comprehensive systems to individual development initiatives and focuses especially on public and private supply and demand including all corridor related investments and spending. The framework indicates the business potential of Green Motorway infrastructure, markets and services. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Border </li></ul><ul><li>The border between the EU and Russia opens up possibilities to promote business and tourism as well as expand economic and governance co-operation, e.g. in terms of EU’s interoperability initiatives over EU boundaries. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Economics </li></ul><ul><li>One of the key targets of E18 GMW is to promote cross-border and regional business: imports, exports, tourism, agriculture, education, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The green corridor creates a sustainable marketplace for services and infrastructure, e.g. for border transit advancements. </li></ul><ul><li>In essence, the corridor promotes productivity, innovation and new business. </li></ul>
    • 14. 3. THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY INITIATIVE CONTENTS DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES AND TEST BEDS AND LIVING LAB 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION 8. Business corridor 6. Dialogue 7. Green charter 3. Economics 2. Border 1. Chain of nodes <ul><li>4. Development initiatives and test beds </li></ul><ul><li>The test bed creates a platform for experimentation of especially new technologies by equipping certain parts of the road with enabling technologies, such as sensors and tubing. </li></ul><ul><li>Already, the E18 GMW initiative has identified numerous development initiatives during the last two years that can be further developed and tested in test bed environment. Possible innovations of E18 GMW are shown in Appendix A. </li></ul><ul><li>E18 will form a main motorway test bed in Finland. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Living labs </li></ul><ul><li>Living lab is a user-centric, open-innovation ecosystem for developing service and system innovations. </li></ul><ul><li>The E18 GMW living lab extends across the EU–Russian border to promote interoperability in services, governance and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>The living lab mashes up co-operating partners with well-matched visions, aligned priorities and focused objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>The living lab gathers separate development projects into a project portfolio consisting of ecological, energy efficiency, smart and intelligence, safety and interoperability initiatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides national innovation, the system is open for innovations coming from e.g. international living labs meeting the targets of balanced sustainability. </li></ul><ul><li>The means to achieve the E18 GMW’s sustainable targets are open for innovation, if possible, frugal ones. </li></ul>4. Development initiatives and test beds 5. Living lab
    • 15. 3. THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY INITIATIVE CONTENTS DIALOGUE, GREEN CHARTER AND BUSINESS CORRIDOR 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION 8. Business corridor 6. Dialogue 7. Green charter 4. Development initiatives and test beds 5. Living lab 3. Economics 2. Border 1. Chain of nodes <ul><li>6. Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>The target to maximise the common good is set by a transparent and democratic dialogue between the stakeholders of the corridor. </li></ul><ul><li>The E18 GMW initiative provides a political context for dialogue between the EU and Russia as well as between the development initiatives. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Green charter </li></ul><ul><li>The green charter defines the activities for common good and sustainability in the E18 GMW environment. The common good is defined as balanced sustainability of social, environmental and economical factors maximising the value of the system. </li></ul><ul><li>The green charted describes the E18 GMW environment as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a real market place for border transit boundary advancements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a development project portfolio to consist of ecological, energy efficiency, smart and intelligence, safety and interoperability advances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Green charter promotes changes in public sector thinking: from traffic flow and safety to business support and sustainability. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Business corridor </li></ul><ul><li>Green business corridor programme coordinates development portfolios on element, structure and system levels consisting of ecology, energy efficiency, intelligence, safety and interoperability advances (business target). </li></ul>
    • 16. 3. THE E18 GREEN MOTORWAY INITIATIVE CONTENTS SHOK INITIATIVE: RATIONALE AND PREREQUISITES FOR THE E18 GMW INITIATIVE <ul><li>The current structures in infrastructure related R&amp;D have not lead to successful service implementations. </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing on pilot projects only expands the current, non-service-creating, R&amp;D market further for research institutions and universities without focusing on the root causes that result in the undesirable outcomes. The bottom-up R&amp;D approach in the case of development initiatives, i.e. a zoo-like collection of discrete ideas, remains inhibiting the comprehensive service market creation. </li></ul><ul><li>The E18 Green Motorway pre-study concluded that service markets can be created by a top-down programme lead by the strategic centres for science, technology and innovation (SHOKs), if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The transportation, business and energy corridors, the EU–Russian border and urban area zones and their interfaces are understood as a systemic infrastructure chain of nodes (the system). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The system ought to possess the ability to create common good and yet its present value needs to be quantifiable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The system, i.e. the common good created, have a measurable, although stochastic, value that provides the basis for a target setting and analysis of the development. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The system, its properties and the behaviour of its actors can be understood and measured at systemic level, though being non-linear and in details highly unpredictable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The target to maximise the common good is set by a transparent and democratic dialogue between the stakeholders of the corridor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The common good is defined as balanced sustainability of social, environmental and economical factors maximising the value of the system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The means to achieve the targets are open for innovation – if/when possible, frugal innovation should be preferred. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The definition of targets and balance sustainability is catalysed by a dialogue in the E18 Green Motorway living lab. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Besides national innovation, the system is open for innovations coming from e.g. international living labs meeting the targets of balanced sustainability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The service market creation is enabled by a balanced set of companies, resources, infrastructure, customers, regulation and incentives leading to productivity, innovation and entrepreneurship. Therefore, e.g. planning and zoning alone cannot create the markets, although, they play a major role in defining the market boundaries and the role of the incentives. </li></ul></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION
    • 17. 4. E18 GREEN MOTORWAY INITIATIVE ROADMAP FROM PRE-STUDY TO NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL INITIATIVES 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION 1. Pre-study 2. National initiative 3. International initiative 2013 2014 2015 2016 PIARC, Mexico International interest 2011 2012 2010 ITS World Congress, Vienna International co-op ITS European Congress, Helsinki E18 GMW results PIARC, Korea Hamina–Vaalimaa Koskenkylä–Kotka E18 Green Motorway initiative phases <ul><li>Strategy definition </li></ul><ul><li>Participants &amp; MoU </li></ul><ul><li>E18 GMW charter </li></ul><ul><li>SHOK structure </li></ul><ul><li>National living lab </li></ul><ul><li>Project portfolio management </li></ul><ul><li>Network of living labs </li></ul><ul><li>International cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Cross border </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>EU level development initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Idea generation </li></ul><ul><li>Specifications </li></ul><ul><li>Roadmap </li></ul><ul><li>Background work </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling structures </li></ul>E18 construction schedule Relevant congresses The E18 Green Motorway initiative links to E18 motorway construction and relevant international congresses. The results of E18 Green Motorway initiative will be presented in ITS European congress in Helsinki in 2014.
    • 18. 4. E18 GREEN MOTORWAY INITIATIVE ROADMAP LINKS BETWEEN DETAILED ACTIONS AND NATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION Customers Supporting firms and infrastructure Business Resources Government Chance Concept dev. E18 dev. Resources Regulation Demand creat. Infrastructure Source: National diamond adapted from Porter, M.E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York (NY), The Free Press. 855 p. Koskenkylä–Kotka PPP construction project Hamina–Vaalimaa Construction to be started in 2015 PIARC 2011 Mexico City, introduction of international initiative ITS World Vienna ITS Europe Helsinki PIARC 2015 South Korea SHOK Futuring Developing green motorway concept and creating concept export opportunities Financing concept Living lab E18 cross border living lab Network of living labs Network of living labs in EU, South Korea, etc. Business models Business cases Balanced sustainability Financing Structural changes in economy EU/Russia resources Interoperability EU–Russia border integration Incentives and regulation Ports, roads, railways ITS Intelligent traffic systems development Intermodality Branding E18 GMW brand Franchising Business opportunity creation Forming of open business platform for E18 ELY initiative development pilot Part of governmental administration development 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012
    • 19. 4. E18 GREEN MOTORWAY INITIATIVE ROADMAP PIARC 2011 IN MEXICO CITY AND OTHER CONGRESSES <ul><li>E18 Green Motorway initiative will be presented in World Road Congress (PIARC) in Mexico City in 26–30 September 2011 in the Finnish Transport Agency’s corner of the Nordic department. </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of the congress is to make “ an open invitation to infrastructure living lab network creation” to the participants, i.e. to network with prospective parties or similar projects. </li></ul><ul><li>PIARC 2011 is the first congress in a series to introduce E18 GMW initiative globally: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PIARC, Mexico, 2011: publicity and invitation to co-operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ITS World, Vienna, 2012: international co-operation agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ITS European Congress, Helsinki 2014: exhibition of E18 Green Motorway results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PIARC, South Korea, 2015: next development phase </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The companies in the E18 GMW consortium are invited to participate the congress with the FTA. </li></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION
    • 20. 5. E18 GREEN MOTORWAY SUMMARY <ul><li>Motorways require billion-euro investments. The key point is how to convert these investments into the common good: innovation, productivity and new business? </li></ul><ul><li>The E18 Green Motorway initiative builds a green corridor for transportation, environment, business and interoperability and defines the infrastructure and balanced sustainability concept of future motorways. </li></ul><ul><li>By forming a E18 Green Motorway living-lab and test-bed environments, the E18 Green Motorway initiative catalyses open dialogue between all E18 stakeholders – both public and private, Finnish and Russian, European and local, urban and rural – to innovate the means to achieve the motorway’s sustainable targets. </li></ul><ul><li>Since similar motorway ecosystem development initiatives do not yet exist, the E18 Green Motorway initiative will have a leading European portfolio of development projects in suitable services and technologies. </li></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION
    • 21. 6. E18 GREEN MOTORWAY NEXT STEPS (SHORT-TERM) <ul><li>Concept project successfully reached its target and defined the next step to be the quantification of the corridors present sosioeconomic value. </li></ul><ul><li>One approach to achieve the necessary tangible data of the current value (E18 corridor) would be to initiate a joint-project with MIT and Stevens Institute of Technology, whom already have a framework (CLIOS) in place that could be applied to the E18 business corridor platform (living lab). </li></ul><ul><li>E18 corridor between Russia and the EU creates a complex environment that is exceedingly challenging to quantify with approaches due to the interoperability challenge between EU and Russia, and also due to the long-lived effects (in both risks and opportunities). </li></ul><ul><li>E18 impacts a geographically large market area, thus it is imperative to create an international living lab platform that is able to secure the interest of both ITS Finland and ITS Russia for a joint project. </li></ul><ul><li>The concept project effectively identified the strategic centres for science, technology and innovation for the built environment and the ICT sector (RYM and TIVIT) to be the foundation where a private sector lead ITS platform could flourish, if it secures the sponsorship from the Ministry of Transport and Communication. </li></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION
    • 22. E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION CONTACT INFORMATION Joni Tefke [email_address] 050 345 0820 Ilkka Laitinen [email_address] 050 321 4654 Ville Peltola [email_address] 040 553 9941 Jukka Saarenpää [email_address] 0400 940 842 THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX. IMPLEMENT INSIDE THE NEW BOX.
    • 23. An open invitation to infrastructure living lab network creation
    • 24. E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION APPENDIX A. ELEMENTS OF GREEN MOTORWAY
    • 25. ELEMENTS OF GREEN MOTORWAY Energy efficiency Ecological Safety Test bed Intelligence Interoperability &amp; fluency
    • 26. ELEMENTS OF GREEN MOTORWAY ENERGY EFFICIENT AND ENERGY PRODUCING MOTORWAY <ul><li>Energy self-sufficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Production of solar power on the road area (road structures, noise barriers, roadside telematics, service stations) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production of geothermal energy on the road area </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy saving solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LED lighting on the road area and other facilities and structures (e.g. service stations, environmental art, bridges, tunnels, walkways) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilization of road’s own energy production in the telematic equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital info screens </li></ul></ul>Energy efficiency Ecological Safety Test bed Intelligence Interoperability &amp; fluency
    • 27. ELEMENTS OF GREEN MOTORWAY ECOLOGICAL MOTORWAY <ul><li>Low carbon emissions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electric vehicle infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Charging poles at the service stations and park and ride facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On the road service for electric vehicles including charging and car reparation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hybrid stations (biofuels, bio and natural gases) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed limit system based on emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bioenergy production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Production of bioenergy’s raw materials on the roadside areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use of renewable energy sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. wind power, solar power, geothermal energy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Traffic noise reduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noise barriers, quiet pavement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ecological construction and maintenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilization of recycled materials (industrial waste, industrial by-products) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of eco-friendly fuels on vehicles and equipment </li></ul></ul>Energy efficiency Ecological Safety Test bed Intelligence Interoperability &amp; fluency
    • 28. ELEMENTS OF GREEN MOTORWAY FLUENT TRAVEL EXPERIENCE ENABLING MOTORWAY <ul><li>Public transportation and ecological voyage chains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seamless interoperation to other forms of traffic and terminals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus calling systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Route guidance in a case of congestion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Variable signs for informing about the alternatives routes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Road usage optimization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjusting congestion during peak periods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing traffic density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing the average amount of passenger per car </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lane management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced lane guidance for road users </li></ul></ul>Energy efficiency Ecological Safety Test bed Intelligence Interoperability &amp; fluency
    • 29. ELEMENTS OF GREEN MOTORWAY SAFE AND SECURE MOTORWAY <ul><li>Real-time alarms and warnings (telematics or mobile device) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speeding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety distances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wild animals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adaptive speed limit system based on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather and road conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic situations (accidents, congestion) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tunnel safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhaust and smoke extraction systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring cameras </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency stopping places, emergency exits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency stations (emergency telephones, emergency buttons, extinguishers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lane control signs (closed, in use, change lane), traffic signals, barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptive lighting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security of park and ride facilities and rest areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Camera surveillance </li></ul></ul>Energy efficiency Ecological Safety Test bed Intelligence Interoperability &amp; Fluency
    • 30. ELEMENTS OF GREEN MOTORWAY INTELLIGENT MOTORWAY <ul><li>Versatile utilization of measurement technologies and information modeling methodologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data measurement technologies; laser scanning, vehicle sensors, photogrammetry, traffic control systems, probe vehicles, mobile mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information modeling systems; sensor fusion, soft computing, database models, statistical methods, analytical methods, static modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Efficient utilization of data tranmission networks and technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibre networks, GSM, 3G, WLAN, WiMAX, Satellites (GPS), sensor networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information processing for road users and administrators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent traffic management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptive speed limit systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Real-time traffic situations and hazard warning systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic traffic management and monitoring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic volume predictions, traffic safety measurement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Route planning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent lighting system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adjusting to weather, driving speed and traffic volume </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emission and energy consumption measurement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information on emission levels to road users </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information about the reasons of speed limit adaptations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Active timetables for long distance public transportation stops and terminals </li></ul></ul></ul>Energy efficiency Ecological Safety Test bed Intelligence Interoperability &amp; fluency
    • 31. ELEMENTS OF GREEN MOTORWAY TESTBED FOR INNOVATIONS <ul><li>Open test platform and showcase for demonstrating green technologies, e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electric vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electric vehicles’ battery and charging technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biofuel vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production of green energy on the road area (e.g. wind power, solar power, geothermal energy) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test bed enables the development of telematics, information technology and service concepts. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides extensive data collection and analysis tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides possibilities to test innovations related to vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) interfaces </li></ul></ul>Energy efficiency Ecological Safety Test bed Intelligence Interoperability &amp; fluency
    • 32. 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION APPENDIX B. INTERNATIONAL BENCHMARK
    • 33. INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS EXAMPLES OF INTERNATIONAL GREEN HIGHWAY INITIATIVES 13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION Green Highway Initiative in Virginia, US The West Coast Green Highway in the US Green and sustainable motorway in Italy Smart Highway in South Korea Hydrogen Highway in Canada Green Highway between Sweden and Norway
    • 34. INTERNATIONAL GREEN HIGHWAY INITIATIVES CASE 1: BRITISH COLUMBIA HYDROGEN HIGHWAY IN CANADA <ul><li>The BC Hydrogen Highway is a practical demonstration and deployment of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, infrastructure, and hydrogen technology. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showcase for Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Today, there are lots of products working along BC&apos;s Hydrogen Highway: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrogen and fuel cell electric cars and buses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrogen and fuel cell forklifts and baggage handlers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel cell backup power units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrogen fueling stations </li></ul></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION
    • 35. INTERNATIONAL GREEN HIGHWAY INITIATIVES CASE 2: GREEN AND SUSTAINABLE MOTORWAY IN ITALY <ul><li>A major infrastructure project under construction in Lombardy Region; project has started in 2007 and the roadway will be opened in 2015 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connects five different Italian provinces (Milan, Bergamo, Monza-and-Brianza, Como, Varese - 157 km long), an area that shares heavy car traffic density and insufficient linking ways. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pedemontana Lombarda aims at promoting a new culture in infrastructure development, able to generate positive and durable impacts on the territory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Starting point is the effort for integrating the motorway design, green productive technologies and environmental compensation and mitigation measures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The motorway will be a huge “solar roof” with more than 60.000 sqm of solar panels installed and 9 MWh of energy produced, in order to crash the energetics impact of its functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Pedemontana motorway will support a complete free flow system for toll payment, in order to reduce not just waste of time, but also acoustic and atmospheric pollution due to traffic and car tailbacks </li></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION
    • 36. INTERNATIONAL GREEN HIGHWAY INITIATIVES CASE 3: GREEN HIGHWAY BETWEEN SWEDEN AND NORWAY <ul><li>The concept of Green Highway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmentally friendly development, innovation and tourism along a green axis between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Norwegian Sea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive development and implementation of environmentally friendly transport systems and solutions based on renewable energy from water, wind and biofuels in collaboration between public and private participants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The great values of the scenic nature of the Green Highway region gets a user friendly and sustainable packaging, also stimulating international tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considerable R&amp;D activities, industrial establishments and development of technology in the region connected to transport systems and energy production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The goal is to establish biofuel filling stations for energy-efficient vehicles and charging stations for electric cars by the roadside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The new stations along this approximately 450 km route will offer drivers the opportunity to recharge their vehicles every 120 km </li></ul></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION <ul><li>Green Highway - from coast to coast connecting the Atlantic with the Baltic coast. </li></ul>
    • 37. INTERNATIONAL GREEN HIGHWAY INITIATIVES CASE 4: VIRGINIA GREEN HIGHWAY INITIATIVE IN THE US <ul><li>Main goals are as follows: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>create a comprehensive program of innovative approaches to increase energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions in the ground transportation domain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Propel Virginia to the forefront of the green energy revolution in one of the largest areas of potential benefit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploration of technologies, methods, and policies that will minimize the negative impacts on Virginia ecosystems associated with ground transportation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus areas of the Virginia Green Highway Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy utilization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>adaptive, high efficiency lighting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>energy harvesting for powering remote infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>vehicle efficiency improvements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct environmental impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Construction of treatment wetlands and inclusion of vegetative buffers for treatment of storm water runoff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife detection and warning systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of vegetative buffers for treatment of air emissions and noise abatement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-pavement water treatment cells </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource utilization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minimization of embodied energy in infrastructure and vehicles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On-site pavement recycling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative roadside plantings for maintenance minimization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of regionally available waste Materials for construction alternatives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telematic applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Travel route optimization for decreased congestion, travel time, and resource usage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remote monitoring of vehicle efficiency aspects for driver notification and resource utilization improvement and emission reduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent parking systems which provide motorists with the information needed to minimize the time and resources required to find a parking space </li></ul></ul></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION
    • 38. INTERNATIONAL GREEN HIGHWAY INITIATIVES CASE 5: THE WEST COAST GREEN HIGHWAY IN THE US <ul><li>The West Coast Green Highway is public/private partnership to promote sustainable transportation solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The drivers of hundreds of thousands of cars and trucks travelling on the roadway may select from a menu of clean alternative fuel such as electricity, natural gas, biodiesel, ethanol, or hydrogen. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnerships: building a coalition of public agencies and private businesses that will support and in some cases fund West Coast Green Highway projects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Assistance: exploring incentives, funding assistance and marketing for businesses that invest in alternative fuels and infrastructure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fueling and Charging Sites : identifying locations and funding for alternative fuel infrastructure to ensure travel connections between cities, regions, states, and countries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Branding: creating recognizable way-finder signs and a distinctive west coast travel experience for drivers and businesses that use the corridor. </li></ul></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION
    • 39. INTERNATIONAL GREEN HIGHWAY INITIATIVES CASE 6: SMART HIGHWAY IN SOUTH KOREA, 2007-2014 <ul><li>The goal of the project is to create </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a road infrastructure which is faster, safer and more pleasant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a road using the most cutting-edge technology and the best in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a road that is environmentally friendly and people-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smart Highway concept </li></ul>13 JUNE 2011 E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION Smart Highway Safety Environment friendly Reliable travel time Sustainability Smart Highway Safety Environment Pavement Weather-related Integral bridge Infrastructure management Smart information and traffic management system Wireless telecommunications Traffic flow management Tolling system Vehicle interface Test bed
    • 40. E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION APPENDIX C. PRELIMINARY ASSIGNMENT CONTENTS
    • 41. PROJECT RESULTS CONCEPT, ACTION PLAN, ENGAGING Defining GMWtestbed Concretization of GMW 2. Phasing , action plan 1. Green motorway concept <ul><li>” Film script” </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation at PIARC 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Impressive speeches </li></ul>3. Engaging the consortium PPP concept and consortium Plan for EU initiative Platform Target Now what? What? So what? + + GMW concept MoU for GMW EU project <ul><li>Content of concept </li></ul><ul><li>Boundary conditions of EU initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Needed consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete next step: consultant’s MoU for EU initiative </li></ul><ul><li>E18 GMW group is responsible for engaging </li></ul>
    • 42. FROM CONCEPTING WORKSHOP TO EU INITIATIVE Influencing Planning and action Target group Experts Decision-makers GMW group Target Ideation 1. Concepting 2. Lobbying 3. Action <ul><li>Plan for how to build a EU initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging </li></ul><ul><li>Defining the GMW concept: content, levels, hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>” Film” </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Impressive speeches </li></ul>1. Concept creates a base for communication 2. Concept creates a base for EU initiative 3. Decision-makers support the EU initiative
    • 43. E18 GREEN MOTORWAY CONCEPT DEFINITION APPENDIX D. GREEN MOTORWAY WORKSHOP 25 MARCH 2011
    • 44. WORKSHOP PROGRAM <ul><li>9.00–9.20 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>9.20–9.40 E18 GMW initiative and international benchmark </li></ul><ul><li>9.40–9.50 Part 1: GMW environment </li></ul><ul><li>9.50–10.20 Part 2: The elements of GWM concept </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion 1: Introduction of the participants and their expections of the GWM concept. </li></ul><ul><li>10.20–10.40 Part 3: Structures supporting GMW concept </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion 2: How to engage stakeholders to the GMW initiave after the first impression? Is the GWM initiative capable to engage the stakeholders? </li></ul><ul><li>10.40–11.40 Part 4: Systems enabled by GMW </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop: What kind of systems and business can be created to the GWM environment? </li></ul><ul><li>11.40–12.00 Summary and discussion </li></ul>
    • 45. STRUCTURING GREEN MOTORWAY <ul><li>” Test-Bed Ltd” </li></ul><ul><li>Joint venture, R&amp;D –development company model </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue sharing as a development driver </li></ul><ul><li>Intention to develop services and market structures </li></ul><ul><li>The elements of international solutions and structures are recognisable </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies and techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Social structure impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure and investment funds </li></ul><ul><li>New tendering and quality criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Incremental development </li></ul><ul><li>Model of development project, project-like </li></ul><ul><li>Risk sharing as a development driver </li></ul><ul><li>Focus of targets (short term) </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging to cooperation (short term) </li></ul><ul><li>Intention is described by the development of the existing, physical structures </li></ul>
    • 46. LAYER STRUCTURE JA PUBLIC-PRIVATE PLAYGROUND TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP (ENVIRONMENT, ELEMENTS) / PUBLIC SECTOR VIEWPOINT TOTAL VALUE OF OPERATION (STRUCTURES, SYSTEMS) / PRIVATE SECTOR VIEWPOINT <ul><li>Structures enabling business systems </li></ul><ul><li>Living lab is built to this layer </li></ul><ul><li>Smart ??? </li></ul><ul><li>Development supporting structures which enable the integration of the elements </li></ul><ul><li>Funding: Finnish Transport Agency, funds, EU, The Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Environment brands, human behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on structuring, not on naming </li></ul><ul><li>Test bed is financed at this layer </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation systems, Energy systems, city logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Roads, ports, railways </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting systems: technology, IT, energy, architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Town planning, zoning </li></ul><ul><li>The deliverables and products of the corporations and organisations which are places to the given environment </li></ul><ul><li>Electric vehicle infrastrucre, wind power,… </li></ul><ul><li>Test bed for different elements is built to this layer </li></ul>
    • 47. BUSINESS CREATION <ul><li>Business system connects structures, elements and environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Clarifies and describes the interdependencies between the layers </li></ul><ul><li>Systemizes the results of the interactions of different disciplines (town planning, road planning,...) </li></ul><ul><li>Construction and maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Current projects </li></ul><ul><li>Piloting </li></ul><ul><li>Tenders </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector </li></ul><ul><li>Sourcing competence </li></ul><ul><li>Service level definition </li></ul><ul><li>Open innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Private funding </li></ul><ul><li>Life cycle models </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolio management </li></ul><ul><li>Genuine owner benefit develops operations </li></ul><ul><li>Technology as an enabler </li></ul><ul><li>Location services </li></ul><ul><li>Mashups </li></ul><ul><li>Export innovations </li></ul>Whom the realization of development work and new paradigm concerns?

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