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Fishing for pearls 2012
 

Fishing for pearls 2012

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Undergraduate dissertation preparation.

Undergraduate dissertation preparation.
session covers pubmed, web of knowledge, endnoteweb

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    Fishing for pearls 2012 Fishing for pearls 2012 Presentation Transcript

    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Diving for pearls….. How to get the most from your literature search. Isla Kuhn Reader Services Librarian Medical Library
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Google will give me everything I need (if/when wikipedia fails me) A. True B. False True False 50%50%
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Compiling the bibliography to my dissertation will be the easy bit A. True B. False True False 50%50%
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY a) introducing the research topic, with an explanation of why the subject was chosen for study, b) reviewing relevant literature and showing how this has informed the research issue, c) explaining how the research has been designed and why the research methods being used have been chosen (methodology), d) outlining the findings, e) analysing the findings and discussing them in the context of the literature review, f) concluding, and g) references
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY a) introducing the research topic, with an explanation of why the subject was chosen for study, b) reviewing relevant literature and showing how this has informed the research issue, c) explaining how the research has been designed and why the research methods being used have been chosen (methodology), d) outlining the findings, e) analysing the findings and discussing them in the context of the literature review, f) concluding, and g) references
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY introducing the research topic • clarifying the question • setting parameters reviewing relevant literature • Identifying keywords and synonyms • Structuring your search strategy with boolean logic • Identify relevant sources (and then search them!) References • DON’T plagiarise! • Don’t lose marks through sloppy references
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY introducing the research topic • clarifying the question • setting parameters reviewing relevant literature • Identifying keywords and synonyms • Structuring your search strategy with boolean logic • Identify relevant sources (and then search them thoroughly!) References • DON’T plagiarise! • Don’t lose marks through sloppy references
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY introducing the research topic • clarifying the question • setting parameters reviewing relevant literature • Identifying keywords and synonyms • Structuring your search strategy with boolean logic • Identify relevant sources (and then search them!) References • DON’T plagiarise! • Don’t lose marks through sloppy references
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Why reference? • Showing how widely you’ve read around the subject; • Demonstrating your understanding of the context and research up to this point; • Highlighting points of view that differ to yours; • Backing up your own points of view. • http://theuniversityblog.co.uk/2012/07/24/need-references/
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From Topic to Results • Topic -> question -> keywords/synonyms Effect of chocolate in prevention of heart disease ...”Is consuming chocolate effective in reducing risk of heart disease?” …. Themes / PICO …………………keywords???.... synonyms???........................
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Is consuming chocolate effective in reducing the risk of heart disease? P –problem / patient? I – Intervention? C – Comparison? O – Outcome? Synonyms? From Topic to Results
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Is consuming chocolate effective in reducing the risk of heart disease? P – heart disease I – chocolate C – O – prevention From Topic to Results
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Is consuming chocolate effective in reducing the risk of heart disease? P – heart disease / heart failure / cardiovascular disease / coronary disease I – chocolate / cocoa / cacao C – O – reducing risk / prevention / From Topic to Results
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Which will give you most hits (a more SENSITIVE search) A. coronary disease AND heart failure B. coronary disease OR heart failure C. coronary disease NOT heart failure A. B. C. 33% 33%33%
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From Topic to Results: Boolean Logic OR – to broaden your search, by combining similar terms eg “exercise” or “physical activity” Either term can be present in the resulting set of articles. Cerebral-vascular Accident Stroke
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Which will give you better hits (a more SPECIFIC search)? A. coronary disease AND chocolate B. chocolate OR heart failure C. coronary disease NOT chocolate D. risk AND chocolate coronary disease AND c... chocolate OR heartfailure coronarydisease NOT ch...riskAND chocolate 30% 10% 50% 10%
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY AND – to narrow the search by combining different topics eg “physiotherapy” and “stroke” Both terms must be present in the results. StrokePhysiotherapy From Topic to Results: Boolean Logic
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Which will give you best hits (most SPECIFIC search)? A. coronary disease AND chocolate AND risk B. (coronary disease OR heart failure) AND chocolate AND risk C. chocolate AND risk AND coronary failure D. risk AND (chocolate OR cocoa) AND (coronary disease OR heart failure) A. B. C. D. 25% 25%25%25%
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY From Topic to Results: Boolean Logic NOT – to restrict your search so that it does not contain a particular term eg “physical therapy” not “manual therapy” The first, but not the second, term must be present. Manual Therapy Physical Therapy
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Is consuming chocolate effective in the prevention of heart disease? P – heart disease OR ??? AND I – chocolate OR ??? AND C – AND O – prevention OR ??? From Topic to Results WARNING: do you need a direct comparison between intervention & comparison??
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY • Databases • Web of science • Pubmed • ??? From Topic to Results
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY • EndnoteWeb (to manage your references) • LibrarySearch (to get hold of the articles) From Results to References
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY http://wok.mimas.ac.uk http://www.myendnoteweb.com http://www.pubmed.gov From Results to References
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Searching – Do’s & Don’ts • Don’t try to do the whole search in one line • Don’t imagine that your first attempt will get all the articles you need • Don’t give up!
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Searching – Do’s & Don’ts • Do think of alternative ways of talking about your topic • Do learn from your hits and your misses • Do remember that you still have to critically appraise each article • http://www.twitjc.com/ Twitter Journal Club • http://www.casp-uk.net/ CASP (Critical Appraisal Skills Programme) • Do ask for help
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY http://tinyurl.com/p2library12 http://tinyurl.com/whatdiduthink
    • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MEDICAL LIBRARY Help! Isla Kuhn Reader Services Librarian Medical Library Box 111 Addenbrooke’s Hospital email: ilk21@cam.ac.uk phone: (01223 3) 36750 web: http://library.medschl.cam.ac.uk Thank you.