College graduates are now more than ever required to have a full complement of related knowledge and skills to become successful workers and citizens.
? Graduates use just a small percentage of what they learn in college on the job.
Many feel that there is a “skills gap” between the manner in which students are prepared for the real world in a university setting and what they will need to be successful in the workplace-and for life in general.
-to understand college student outcomes from the perspective of those organizations and graduate degree programs that employ or train college graduates and regard the developed skills as inputs
Methodology Nation Association of Colleges Employers (NACE) 640 selected randomly Random sampling of colleges Five departments of each school 403 were contacted Participants College department heads Employers
Methodology Questionnaire 403 department heads 47 returned 640 employers Employers College department heads 11.7% 10.1% Questionnaire
Methodology Questionnaire designed Based on universities’ goals for developing students Schmitt, Oswald, Kim, Ramsay & Gillespie generated a 12-dimension taxonomy of student performance Included aspects of Ss’ academic, social, civic, occupational, and personal life
Methodology 5 4 3 2 1 Absolutely necessary Not important 5 pointed-Likert Scale Importance of 11 college performance Questionnaire for college heads Importance of 12 college performance with open-ended questions Questionnaire for employers College heads Employers Participants
Survey Construction 12 Dimensions of College Student Development Knowledge Continuous learning Leadership Artistic appreciation Multicultural tolerance Interpersonal skills Social responsibility Career orientation Adaptability & life skills Ethics & integrity Perseverance Health Department heads