Fluid and electrolyte
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Fluid and electrolyte

on

  • 703 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
703
Views on SlideShare
703
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Fluid and electrolyte Fluid and electrolyte Presentation Transcript

  • Paediatrics seminar
  • COMPOSITION OF BODY FLUIDS & FLUID LOSS
  • Total Body WaterTOTAL BODY FLUID IS DIVIDED INTO 2 COMPARTEMENTS:- 1.Intracellular(ICF) 2.Extracellular(ECF)
  • INTRACELLULAR COMPARTMENT Consists of 40% of body weight
  • EXTRACELLULAR COMPARTMENTConsists of 20% of body water  Interstitial fluid- 80% of ECF  Plasma- 20% of ECF  Transcellular fluid  Gastrointestinal  CSF  Peritonial & ocular
  • ICF & ECFICF (30-40%) Interstitiial (15%) Plasma(5%)
  • An equilibrium is alwaysmaintained between &ICF ECF
  • Sodium ion Pottasium ion
  • Intracellular Anions Plasma anions Chloride ion Cl- HCO3- 3 10 Cl- 14 6 2 40 HCO3-24 Proteins 107 104 Proteins Phophates Others Phosphate s
  • FLUID LOSSPlasma water loss dehydration,anaemia polycythemia,heart failure hypoalbuminemia, abnormal plasma osmolality
  • Fluid loss in neonatesInsensible water loss ----15 –30ml/kgRenal water loss -----------60—90ml/kgStool water loss-------------10 ml/kgGrowth --------------10—15 ml/kgWater of oxidation-----------15---18ml/kg
  • Insensible fluid loss in neonates causes ----- Increase in surface area per unit body mass Decrease in subcutaneous fat tissue Thin epidermis Increased permeability of epidermis