New Technologies in Education

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New Technologies in Education

  1. 1. Dr. Ilias Liakatas New Technologies in Secondary Education
  2. 3. Traditional Teaching Tools <ul><li>Blackboard </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook </li></ul><ul><li>Notebook </li></ul><ul><li>Transparencies </li></ul><ul><li>Projector </li></ul><ul><li>Flip chart </li></ul><ul><li>3D models </li></ul><ul><li>Posters </li></ul>
  3. 4. Traditional Teaching Tools <ul><li>Teacher-centered </li></ul><ul><li>Paper-, pen- and chalk-based </li></ul><ul><li>Limited resources </li></ul><ul><li>Limited student interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to update material </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap </li></ul><ul><li>No need for electricity </li></ul>Characteristics
  4. 5. Modern Teaching Tools <ul><li>E-book </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive whiteboard </li></ul><ul><li>Tablet PC </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Data loggers </li></ul><ul><li>... </li></ul>Examples
  5. 6. Modern Teaching Tools Characteristics <ul><li>Student-centered </li></ul><ul><li>Computer and technology-based </li></ul><ul><li>Unlimited resources </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced student interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to edit/update material </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity (and/or internet) dependent </li></ul>
  6. 7. Modern Teaching Tools Categories <ul><li>Book-related tools </li></ul><ul><li>In-class tools </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-based tools </li></ul><ul><li>Internet-based tools </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory tools </li></ul>
  7. 8. Book-related Tools <ul><li>Electronic books (e-books) </li></ul><ul><li>Audio books </li></ul><ul><li>Site-supported books </li></ul>
  8. 9. E-books <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Digital books to download and read </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free or usually less than 50€ </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Fast to get the book and start reading it </li></ul><ul><li>Good for “ book-phobics ” </li></ul><ul><li>No waste of paper & space </li></ul><ul><li>Searchable books </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted portability </li></ul>
  9. 10. E-books www.manybooks.net
  10. 11. E-books www.leranersTV.com
  11. 12. Audio-books <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Digital books to download and listen to </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free or usually less than 50€ </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Fast to get it and start listening to it </li></ul><ul><li>Good for “ book-phobics ” </li></ul><ul><li>Good for students with dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>High portability (in ipod) </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of visual communication </li></ul>
  12. 13. Audio-books Preparatorychemistry.com
  13. 14. Audio-books www.Learnoutloud.com
  14. 15. Site supported books <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Books with site with extra material </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free use of site if book is purchased </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of extra material not fitting in a book </li></ul><ul><li>Added videos, simulations, sounds etc </li></ul><ul><li>Online assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>May deflect concentration from the book </li></ul>
  15. 16. Site supported books college.cengage.com/chemistry/general/zumdahl/chemistry/6e/students/
  16. 17. Site supported books http://cwx.prenhall.com/giancoli/chapter6/deluxe.html
  17. 18. In-class Tools <ul><li>Data Projector </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive white board </li></ul><ul><li>Audience response system </li></ul><ul><li>Tablet PC </li></ul>
  18. 19. Data projector <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Projection of PC screen on a wall </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>370€ - 2000€ </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Public presentation of digital material </li></ul><ul><li>More colorful than blackboard </li></ul><ul><li>More portable than a TV </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of accessories </li></ul>
  19. 20. Data Projector
  20. 21. Interactive White Board <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Touch-screen and projector in one </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1000€ </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Clean job: no chalks, no markers </li></ul><ul><li>All-in-one tool: no time lost </li></ul><ul><li>What is written, can be saved </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>High cost </li></ul>
  21. 22. Interactive White Board www2.smarttech.com/st/en-US/Products/SMART+Boards/default.htm
  22. 23. Audience Response System <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Direct response to multiple choice questions </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1500€ </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced student participation </li></ul><ul><li>Direct feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>High cost </li></ul>
  23. 24. Audience Response System www.turningtechnologies.com/
  24. 25. Tablet PC <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Laptop with touch-screen </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1500€ </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to keep notes and save them </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to transfer data wirelessly </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>High cost </li></ul><ul><li>Harder to carry around </li></ul>
  25. 26. Tablet PC
  26. 27. Computer-based Tools <ul><li>Powerpoint presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Video/DVD watching </li></ul><ul><li>Video/audio production </li></ul><ul><li>Mind-maps </li></ul><ul><li>Computer simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Flash games/animations/diagrams </li></ul>
  27. 28. Powerpoint Presentations <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation of material as slideshow </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free if OpenOffice or if Office installed </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple means (text/sound/video/i mages ) </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare once – use many times </li></ul><ul><li>Can be edited, shared, viewed, projected </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Time consuming preparation </li></ul>
  28. 29. Powerpoint presentations
  29. 30. Video/DVD watching <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Watch DVDs or downloaded videos on PC </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>DVDs: 30 – 80€, Videos: usually free </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Motion pictures more familiar to students </li></ul><ul><li>High quality material available </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used to raise interest in class </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Passive for students </li></ul><ul><li>No immediate feedback from students </li></ul>
  30. 31. Video/DVD watching www.teachertube.com
  31. 32. Video/audio production <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Production of videos by students/teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free (using freeware or web tools) </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Active participation of students </li></ul><ul><li>Better understanding and memorizing </li></ul><ul><li>More familiar than external material </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Time consuming </li></ul><ul><li>Technology demanding </li></ul>
  32. 33. Video production Animoto.com
  33. 34. Audio production audacity.sourceforge.net/
  34. 35. Mind maps <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Structured visualization of material </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free (using freeware or web tools) </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Better overview of the material </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to follow the course flow </li></ul><ul><li>Used as revision tool </li></ul><ul><li>Very effective if produced by student </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>May sacrifice depth for overview </li></ul>
  35. 36. Mind maps freemind.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php/Main_Page
  36. 37. Computer Simulations <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Animated simulations of processes </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Many free or at low cost </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Visualization of invisible, dangerous, expensive, strange phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>Hands-on trial with different conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>A simplification of reality – we must be aware of conditions </li></ul>
  37. 38. Computer simulations phet.colorado.edu/simulations/index.php
  38. 39. Flash Games/Animations <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher created games or animated presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free (using freeware or web tools) </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Active participation of students </li></ul><ul><li>Motion captures attention </li></ul><ul><li>More familiar than external material </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Time consuming preparation </li></ul>
  39. 40. Flash Games/Animations Classtools.net
  40. 41. Internet-based Tools <ul><li>Online homework </li></ul><ul><li>Class Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Class Blog </li></ul><ul><li>File Sharing (+searches/links/photos) </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts </li></ul>
  41. 42. Online Homework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Site with custom-made homework available to the students to answer </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>$8.88/year for the students </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Custom-made homework </li></ul><ul><li>Easily prepared and self-corrected </li></ul><ul><li>Each questions is linked to theory in book </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Place for malpractice </li></ul>
  42. 43. Online Homework www.webassign.net
  43. 44. Class Networking <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Link class members on an online community </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Familiar concept to students </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced interactivity between students </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced team-feeling </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>May not be used for class purposes only </li></ul><ul><li>Dependency on internet connection </li></ul>
  44. 45. Class Networking www.epals.com
  45. 46. Class Networking
  46. 47. Class Blog <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Online notice board and archive of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Less printed material, always available </li></ul><ul><li>Direct, online announcements for the class </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Dependency on internet connection </li></ul>
  47. 48. Class Blog Edublogs.org
  48. 49. Class Blog
  49. 50. File Sharing <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Files/resources/information shared online </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Less time spent on searching </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplication of each one’s resources </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Download rather than contribute </li></ul><ul><li>Need for filtering of what is available </li></ul>
  50. 51. File Sharing (searches) www.google.com/notebook
  51. 52. File Sharing (links) Delicious.com
  52. 53. File Sharing (photos) www.flickr.com
  53. 54. File Sharing (presentations) www.slideshare.net
  54. 55. Wikis <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Shared web site with many editors </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Good for a team work product </li></ul><ul><li>Students actively contribute and edit </li></ul><ul><li>Online submission of assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Not for individual assessment </li></ul>
  55. 56. Wikis www.wikispaces.com
  56. 57. Wikis www.umbc.edu/bioclass/biol414/wiki/index.php?page=Home
  57. 58. Podcasts <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Audio files to download as mp3 files </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Can be listened to anywere (bus, break) </li></ul><ul><li>Students familiar with mp3 </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used for recording classes missed </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient when visual info required </li></ul><ul><li>Usually not curriculum oriented </li></ul>
  58. 59. Podcasts www.thenakedscientists.com
  59. 60. Podcasts Distillations.chemheritage.org
  60. 61. Laboratory Tools <ul><li>Computer Simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Data Loggers </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic Display Calculators </li></ul>
  61. 62. Computer Simulations <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>An experiment is simulated on the screen with variable parameters </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Many are free to download or included in book-companion CDs </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Replace unfeasible experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to observe effect of parameters </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot replace real experimental work </li></ul>
  62. 63. Computer Simulations
  63. 64. Data Loggers <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring devices with multiple sensors </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>500€ – 1000€ according to sensors </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Larger range of possible experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Good when lots of data to be collected </li></ul><ul><li>Simplified procedures – time saving </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>High cost if one logger per team </li></ul>
  64. 65. Data Loggers www.vernier.com
  65. 66. Graphic Display Calculators <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Calculators that can be used as loggers or for simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>160€ without logging station </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Multifunctional and cheaper than loggers </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection and processing on one device </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Less convenient graphical display </li></ul><ul><li>More complicated to use </li></ul>
  66. 67. Graphic Display Calculators Tiphysics.com
  67. 68. <ul><li>Education is what remains </li></ul><ul><li>after one has forgotten </li></ul><ul><li>what one has learned in school.  </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Einstein </li></ul>
  68. 69. Links to Snapshots <ul><li>http://manybooks.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.learnerstv.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Audio_Book.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.learnoutloud.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://college.cengage.com/chemistry/general/zumdahl/chemistry/6e/students/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://cwx.prenhall.com/giancoli/chapter6/deluxe.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://education.smarttech.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.turningtechnologies.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.unit5.org/christjs/555%20topics%20list%20power%20point.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teachertube.com/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://animoto.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://phet.colorado.edu/simulations/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webassign.net </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.epals.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://edublogs.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://delicious.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.classtools.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.thenakedscientists.com/HTML/podcasts/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://distillations.chemheritage.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://phet.colorado.edu/simulations/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.vernier.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://tiphysics.com/ </li></ul>

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