Early China The Huang He valley was the place where this early civilization started. Important dynasties ruled China:• 1. Xia Dynasty (2070-1600 B.C.)• 2. Shang Dynasty (1600- 1046 B.C.) Part of the Erlitou site in Yanshi, central China’s Henan province.• 3. Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 B.C.)Qin dynasty (unified China, first emperor)221 B.C.
GOVERNMENT The Qin dynasty was the first of 17 dynasties that ruled China during the Imperial period. During the first ancient dynasties, there was a king who was the religious leader as well. There were some priest who helped the king predict the future through scratching animal bones or tortoise shells. The Chinese believed in a principle called “Mandate of Heaven”.
ECONOMYIts varied geography:mountains, the Gobi desert,the Pacific ocean, and 3main rivers has affected itseconomical development.In the North China Plainthey became farmers. In China people have spent most of their time farming, in northern China they mostly farm wheat,There was also a lot of while in southern they farm rice.trade with India and ThePersian Empire.Mining was anotherimportant activity, speciallysalt. They used cowrie shells formoney (1800 B.C.) andlater they used papermoney, by 1100 B.C. Han Dynasty coin of the Empress Kuo
Religion It is known from written records that the Shang people believed in weather gods and sky gods and kings also performed religious duties:• Communicate with nature deities• Prayed, made offerings and performed sacrifices Apotheosis of the Buda, Northern Wei Dynasty 504 B.C.• Call upon their ancestors to predict the future
Writing and clothing Clothing during Ming Chinese oracle bone Dynasty, 1400 B.C. Shang dynasty, about 1500 B.C. People wore tunics. Rich people wore silk and during the Sui dynasty, the emperor decided that poor people couldn’t wear colors (only blue or black), only rich ones could. Writing started about 1500 B.C. using oracle bones to predict the future, this kind of writing is very similar to the one they still use now.
Architecture Most people used to live in mudbrick houses. Rich people built temples and palaces The forbidden City, imperial palaces following some Of the Ming and Qin dynasties, Beijing. design ideas:• Symmetry• The roof was held up by columns not by walls• Bridges showed the idea of symmetry and balance Sung pagoda in Hong Kong
Shang bronze pitcher, about 1300 B.C.Chinese art They use to make many jars and plaques out of bronze During the Chin dynasty, art changed and started to represent people instead of animals. During Han dynasty Chinese artists started to paint in paper Chinese artists were influenced by Buddhism from India and they represented Buda in different materials. Terracotta Warriors
Other important Achievements Almost all science was oriented to engineering but Chinese invented: Paper (100 A.D.) Magnetic compass Early Chinese paper (200 A.D.) Gunpowder (142 A.D.) Mathematics was taught at schools (200 A.D.) Block printing (850 A.D.) Wong Jei’s block-printed scroll, 868 A.D.