Robert Marshall(January 2, 1901 – November 11, 1939) Legacy & Contribution to American Wilderness
BackgroundSon of constitutional lawyer, BS in Forestry from SyracuseLouis Marshall University in 1924Spent summers in the Scored the highest in the nationAdirondack Mountains at a on the Civil Service test forfamily resort, Knollwood ForestersFamily used wealth to forward MS in Forestry from Harvardsocial justice issues University in 1925Attended the Ethical Culture PhD from John HopkinsSchool in NYC University in 1930Heros were Lewis & Clark Largely credited for being the driving force for the WildernessSpent one year at Stanford Act of 1964
Scientiﬁc Monthly ArticlePublished in The ScientiﬁcMonthly in February 1930, "TheProblem of the Wilderness" hadalready been rejected by fourother magazines, but it becameone of his most importantworks.He argued that wilderness wasworth saving not only becauseof its unique aesthetic qualities,but because of its ability toprovide visitors with a chancefor adventure.
Post ArticleStarted the WildernessSociety, dedicated to theprotection of land“untouched by thehand of man”Spent a year in Alaskaand wrote Arctic VillageNamed Director ofIndian Forest Service in1933
“Although huge sums of money are involved in and basis of calculation, the most important value offorest recreation are not susceptible of measurement in monetary terms. They are concerned with such intangible considerations as inspiration, aesthetic enjoyment, and gain in understanding.”
The Original 46-RClimbed 42 of the 46Adirondack peaks above 4000feet in 1921In 1932, Marshall climbed 14Adirondack peaks, over 4000feet, in 19 hoursWas very disciplined andlogged all his hiking andpeaks climbedLogged many 30-50 milehiking days
"There is just one hope of repulsing the tyrannicalambition of civilization to conquer every niche on the whole earth. That hope is the organization of spirited people who will ﬁght for the freedom of the wilderness."
Advocate, Politician,Government Employee Made few friends in government and advocated for Native American land rights Marshall was the leading force behind the wilderness preservation movement
What Could Have Been?Marshall had healthproblems throughouthis lifeDied at age 39 from aheart attackLeft all of his familyfortune to thewilderness cause
Following Marshalls untimely death in 1939, nearly a million acres of pristine wild land in Montana was designated as "The Bob Marshall Wilderness Area," meaning that no roads, structures, or mechanized transportation would be allowed. This tract is one of the most preserved ecosystems in the world and is indeed a ﬁtting tribute to the man who fought sohard to save the scant remaining wild places from the inroads of development and mechanization.