Unit 8: Long, Long Ago

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Vocabulary - Prefixes

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Unit 8: Long, Long Ago

  1. 1. Unit 8 – Long, Long Ago Vocabulary - Prefixes
  2. 2. What is a prefix? <ul><li>A prefix is a group of letters which you can add to the beginning of a root word to change the meaning of the word.   </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. mis + fortune = mis fortune </li></ul><ul><li>For example, ' comfort ' is a root word. By adding the prefix 'dis‘, you can make a new word 'dis comfort ' </li></ul>
  3. 3. Prefix meanings <ul><li>Every prefix has a meaning, for example: The prefix 'un' means 'not' The root word 'clear' means 'bright', 'free from difficulty' un + clear = unclear which means 'not clear' or 'dim', 'difficult to see or understand' </li></ul>
  4. 4. Here are some examples of prefixes and their meanings Means under e.g. ' sub way' means 'a way under the ground' sub Means 'wrong' or 'badly' e.g. ' mis spelled' or mis spelt means 'wrongly spelled mis Meaning Prefix
  5. 5. Here are some examples of prefixes and their meanings Means not (there are also several other prefixes which mean not) e.g. ' un hurt' means 'not hurt' un Means 'before in time', 'in front of' or 'superior' e.g. ' pre packed' means 'packed before' pre Meaning Prefix
  6. 6. Adding prefixes to root words <ul><li>Generally when you add a prefix to a root word </li></ul><ul><li>the spelling of the prefix and the root words stays the same </li></ul>invisible = visible + in misfire = fire + mis bicycle = cycle + bi immature = mature + im unkind = kind + un Word = Root word + Prefix
  7. 7. Adding prefixes to root words 2. With some root words more than one type of prefix may be added to give the word different meanings. reappear (means to appear again) = appear + re disappear (means to no longer appear, or cease to appear) = appear + dis Word = Root word + Prefix
  8. 8. Adding prefixes to root words 3. Sometimes you can add more than one prefix to a word at the same time. re Prefix + + rediscover = cover + dis Word = Root word + Prefix
  9. 9. Prefixes meaning 'not' <ul><li>un means not e.g. 'un hurt' means 'not hurt‘ </li></ul><ul><li>im means not e.g. 'im polite' means 'not polite‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Il means not e.g. ' il legal' means 'not legal‘ </li></ul><ul><li>In means not e.g. 'in formal' means 'not formal‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Ir means not e.g. 'ir regular' means 'not regular‘ </li></ul><ul><li>dis means 'not' e.g. 'dis agree' means 'not agree' </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other prefixes <ul><li>Here are some other examples of common prefixes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Acknowledgement <ul><li>http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/words/spelling/wordbuilding/prefixes/worksheet.shtml </li></ul>

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