Presentation On Policy Mapping
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Presentation On Policy Mapping

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Presentation by Nicholas Benequista (IDS) at the 3rd I-K-Mediary Workshop, November 2009.

Presentation by Nicholas Benequista (IDS) at the 3rd I-K-Mediary Workshop, November 2009.

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  • Contribution vs. attribution: these environments are often too complex to be able to definitively claim influence. If you can demonstrate that your work was ‘considered’ and demonstrate some correlation with any of these, then you have contributed. Is the objective to promote evidence-based decision making? Isn’t that a behavioural change? Perhaps procedural change ?
  • Donors and multi-laterals often have their own research, though have gaps, e.g. World Bank Institute and accountability. Social movements less likely to have research. Lobbyists and interest groups – depends on who they are. Legislators unlikely to handle any ‘evidence’ themselves: take not of the systems in place for the technical work (US vs. Mexico).
  • Donors and multi-laterals often have their own research, though have gaps, e.g. World Bank Institute and accountability. Social movements less likely to have research. Lobbyists and interest groups – depends on who they are. Legislators unlikely to handle any ‘evidence’ themselves: take not of the systems in place for the technical work (US vs. Mexico).
  • Perhaps you don’t need to answer these questions. The first question is key because it helps answer what is the policy problem.
  • Donors and multi-laterals often have their own research, though have gaps, e.g. World Bank Institute and accountability. Social movements less likely to have research. Lobbyists and interest groups – depends on who they are. Legislators unlikely to handle any ‘evidence’ themselves: take not of the systems in place for the technical work (US vs. Mexico).
  • Identify all the stakeholders or interest groups associated with this ‘policy.’ Stakeholders can be organisations, groups, departments, structures, networks or individuals. Write a sentence or two on each. What’s the interest of this stakeholder, and what resources do they have?
  • Classify the various stakeholders in terms of their power (their degree of influence) and their interest (the degree to which they are affected). High-power, high-interest people are the ones to engage with.
  • TIMINGGetting the right people together at the right time. What events

Presentation On Policy Mapping Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Policy Environment and Network Mapping
    Presentation to the
    I-K-Mediary Network
    05/11/2009
  • 2. What is your policy objective?
    • Discursive changes: changes in language usage
    • 3. Procedural changes: changing how something is done
    • 4. Content changes: the actual letter of the law
    • 5. Attitudinal changes: changes in the perceptions of key stakeholders
    • 6. Behavioural changes: changes in the way something is achieved or approached
  • Who makes policy?
    Agenda setting: Donors, multi-laterals, regional blocs, social movements, lobbyists and interest groups…
    Decision-making: State officials, legislators, congressional staff…
    Implementation: State agencies, NGOs, private firms…
    Evaluation: Internal auditors, external evaluators, civil society, the media…
  • 7. Questions a policy mapping can answer
    What is the problem that requires a policy response?
    Who are the stakeholders in this problem and what’s at stake for them?
    What are the various sites or venues where this policy debate is occurring?
    How does the research need to be framed to be relevant the current debate?
    How are you connected to this?
  • 8. Begin with your researchers
    What are the attitudes or misconceptions your research has the potential to change or dispel?
    Which specific policies does your research have the potential to influence?
    What are the policy axes: the issues that divide opinions in the policy debate? What ideological direction is the policy currently trending toward?
    Who supports the policy trend strongly, moderately? Who opposes it? Which supporters and which opponents are allied?
    What are the different points through which policies on this topic pass to become approved and implemented? Ministries, associations and unions, congressional committees, state government offices, international donors, implementing agencies, etc.?
    Have you interacted formally or informally with any of these actors? How? How strong is your relationship with them?
    Which other actors informally influence those policy paths? NGOs, activist groups, CBOs, etc?
    Have you interacted with any of these actors? How? How strong is your relationship with them?
    What major events occurring in the next eighteen months have the potential to influence the policy environment? Congressional debate, workshop, protest, etc.?
    Irrespective of this particular policy, with which actors do you have the strongest relationship? Which local, national or regional government officials? Other academic or research institutions? CBOs? Social movements? NGOs? Political parties or lawmakers?
  • 9. Define the policy
    Angolan DecentralisationPolicy
    Decree Law 02/07 and the PRSP
    Budgetary Units
    Social Consultation and Coordination Councils
    The topic of decentralization is not ideologically controversial, but the practice can be, especially with regard to who is selected to participate in the new forums
  • 10. Get other views
    Internet: Do some quick and dirty Internet research on the organisations and institutions your researcher describes. Along the way, you’ll discover more.
    Snowball: Ask the researchers who they think would know more about the policy environment, and interview them.
    Consultant: Hire a consultant who is involved in the policy debates to carry out the mapping for you. The mapping itself can be an opportunity for influence, and these translators are crucial.
  • 11. Stakeholder Analysis
    Christian
    Association
    Academic
    Associate
    Peace
    Work
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Centre
    For each actor,
    write 1-2 sentence s summarizing their policy interest/position.
    National
    Institute
    For
    Policy
    Federal
    Govt
    Strategic
    Empowerment
    & Mediation
    Agency
    DFID
    Supreme
    Council
    For Islamic
    Affairs
    2007
    Movement
    Congress
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Regional
    Govts
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Emirate
    Councils
  • 12. Force-field analysis
    High Power
    Academic
    Associate
    Peace
    Work
    Christian
    Association
    Supreme
    Council
    For Islamic
    Affairs
    DFID
    Low Interest
    High Interest
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Com’s
    Regional
    Govts
    Emirate
    Councils
    Strategic
    Empowerment
    & Mediation
    Agency
    Interfaith
    Mediation
    Centre
    Low Power
  • 13. Policy Axes/Areas
    Buro
    Tangail
    Service Delivery
    ASA
    Grameen
    BSK
    Brac
    Proshika
    ASK
    RDRS
    KN
    Naripokkho
    Rights
    Basic Needs
    Samata
    Nijera Kori
    Social Mobilisation
  • 14. Policy Process
    Party
    Politics
    Ministry
    Of
    Health
    World
    Bank
    President
    Indigenous
    Missionary
    Council
    National
    Congress
    Public
    Consultation
    SSL
    Indigenous
    Groups
    CEBRAPE
    Funasa
    Funasa
    Regional
    Offices
    Municipal
    Health
    Secretariats
    Implementing
    Orgs
    SPACES
    Closed
    Invited
    Created
  • 15. Spaces for participation
    Created
    Invited
    Closed
  • 16. Other techniques
    Policy entrepreneurship
    Power analysis
    Drivers of change
    See “Mapping Political Context” by RAPID
  • 17. President &
    Prime Minister
    Ministry
    of Territorial
    Administration
    Decentralization
    And Local
    Government
    Program
    UNDP,
    World Bank,
    & Donors
    Cabinet
    & Party
    Meetings
    Decentralization
    Working
    Group
    Ministry of
    Planning
    Ministry of
    Finance
    International
    NGOs
    ADRA
    National Assembly
    (4th Commission)
    National
    NGOs
    Provincial/
    Municipal
    Government
    C
    I
    T
    I
    Z
    E
    N
    S
    Budgetary
    Units
    Civil
    Society
    Conferences
    ACTORS
    CACS
    Regional
    CSOs
    SPACES
    Closed
    Invited
    Created
  • 18. Kinds of knowledge
    Instrumental: Knowledge that explains causal relationships, structures and functional relationships through the analysis of data.
    Interactive: Knowledge that derives from how people interact with one another, including emotions, sharing daily experiences and exchanging actions.
    Critical: Knowledge that emerges from a combination of reflection and action that makes normative deliberations possible.
    www.drc-citizenship.org/docs/publications/drc_general/ Creatingspacesforengagement.pdf
  • 19. President &
    Prime Minister
    Ministry
    of Territorial
    Administration
    Decentralization
    And Local
    Government
    Program
    UNDP,
    World Bank,
    & Donors
    Cabinet
    & Party
    Meetings
    Decentralization
    Working
    Group
    Ministry of
    Planning
    Ministry of
    Finance
    International
    NGOs
    ADRA
    National Assembly
    (4th Commission)
    National
    NGOs
    Provincial/
    Municipal
    Government
    C
    I
    T
    I
    Z
    E
    N
    S
    Budgetary
    Units
    Civil
    Society
    Conferences
    ACTORS
    CACS
    Regional
    CSOs
    SPACES
    Closed
    Invited
    Created
  • 20. President &
    Prime Minister
    Ministry
    of Territorial
    Administration
    Decentralization
    And Local
    Government
    Program
    UNDP,
    World Bank,
    & Donors
    Cabinet
    & Party
    Meetings
    Decentralization
    Working
    Group
    Ministry of
    Planning
    Ministry of
    Finance
    International
    NGOs
    ADRA
    National Assembly
    (4th Commission)
    National
    NGOs
    Provincial/
    Municipal
    Government
    C
    I
    T
    I
    Z
    E
    N
    S
    Budgetary
    Units
    Civil
    Society
    Conferences
    ACTORS
    CACS
    Regional
    CSOs
    SPACES
    Closed
    Invited
    Created
  • 21. President &
    Prime Minister
    Ministry
    of Territorial
    Administration
    Decentralization
    And Local
    Government
    Program
    UNDP,
    World Bank,
    & Donors
    Cabinet
    & Party
    Meetings
    Decentralization
    Working
    Group
    Ministry of
    Planning
    Ministry of
    Finance
    International
    NGOs
    ADRA
    National Assembly
    (4th Commission)
    National
    NGOs
    Provincial/
    Municipal
    Government
    C
    I
    T
    I
    Z
    E
    N
    S
    Budgetary
    Units
    Civil
    Society
    Conferences
    ACTORS
    CACS
    Regional
    CSOs
    SPACES
    Closed
    Invited
    Created
  • 22. Angola - Recommendations
    ADRA may want to use its contacts with the Decentralisation Working Group, especially the Ministry of Territorial Administration and UNDP, to help develop its policy messages from the research to create a policy brief for top policy makers.
    ADRA could facilitate discussions by screening PVs at a series of meetings bringing together local actors, perhaps starting in Benguela, where it has allies in the government.
    ADRA may want to partner with local media outlets or international media NGOs (e.g. BBC World Trust) to get out messages via broadcast?
  • 23. Framing
    Communication of research should be an iterative, interactive and multi-directional process that involves a wide range of stakeholders from planning, through to design, implementation and monitoring and evaluation. - DFID Research Communication Strategy
  • 24. Key Questions
    What common traits define each audience?
    What policy, practice or discourse are you seeking to influence by communicating to this audience?
    What attitudes or beliefs might impede influence?
    What kind of knowledge can most effectively influence this audience?
    Which Citizenship DRC research projects contain messages for this audience?
    Which are the best mediums for reaching this audience?
    What new capacities or networks will you need to communicate in these mediums?
    How will this communication strategy promote the dissemination of Citizenship DRC ideas to new audiences and expand existing partner networks?
    What messages (or kinds of messages) come out of the research for this audience?
    How will this work help deepen or sharpen your concepts?
  • 25. Questions for small groups
    What is your objective in engaging with policy?
    What kind of policy actors would be most likely to use your resources?
    How might you use one of the mapping tools in your own work? If none are useful, why not?
    What kinds of tensions or challenges will arise as you move in this direction?