Sistem Informasi & Aplikasinya

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sebuah slide presentasi yang menggambarkan mengenai apa itu sistem informasi secara umum. disertai beberapa penjelasan mengenai jenis sistem informasi beserta beberapa aplikasinya terutama jenis expert system. dibuat untuk memenuhi salah satu tugas penyeleksian calon asisten laboratorium sistem informasi institiut teknologi bandung.(2010)

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  • System means a grouping of parts that operate together for a common purpose
  • Mengingat yang lalumenyimpan data historisebagairekamanapa yang terjadidanuntukmemfasilitasibeberapaanalisisMengatasikeadaansaatinimerekamberbagaitransaksidanotomasiberbagaiprosestransaksiMenyiapakanuntukkedepanmenyediakaninformasiuntukmemfasilitasiberbagaiprosespengambilankeputusandanperencanaan
  • MeningkatkanproduktivitaspersonelOnline Transaction ProcessingTransaction Processing SystemCostumer Integrated SystemMeningkatkanpengambilankeputusanOnline Analytical ProcessingArtificial IntelligenceExecutive Information SystemMemperbaikikolaborasitimMengreasikankemitraandanaliansibisnisInterorganizational System Mencapaiglobalisasi enable global reachMemfasilitasitransformasiorganisasi
  • Transaction processing systemsinformation system applications that capture and process data about business transactions.Includes data maintenance, which provides for custodial updates to stored data.Business process redesign (BPR) is the study, analysis, and redesign of fundamental business (transaction) processes to reduce costs and/or improve value added to the business.Management information systemsinformation system application that provides for management-oriented reporting. These reports are usually generated on a predetermined schedule and appear in a prearranged format.Decision support systemsinformation system application that provides its users with decision-oriented information whenever a decision-making situation arises. When applied to executive managers, these systems are sometimes called executive information systems (EIS).A data warehouse is a read-only, informational database that is populated with detailed, summary, and exception data and information generated by other transaction and management information systems. The data warehouse can then be accessed by end-users and managers with DSS tools that generate a virtually limitless variety of information in support of unstructured decisions.Expert systemsa programmed decision-making information system that captures and reproduces the knowledge and expertise of an expert problem solver or decision maker and then simulates the “thinking” or “actions” of that expert.Expert systems are implemented with artificial intelligence technology that captures, stores, and provides access to the reasoning of the experts. Office automation systemssupport the wide range of business office activities that provide for improved work flow and communications between workers, regardless of whether or not those workers are located in the same office.Personal information systems are those designed to meet the needs of a single user. They are designed to boost an individual’s productivity.Work group information systems are those designed to meet the needs of a work group. They are designed to boost the group’s productivity.
  • Rice-Crop Doctor  AGREXFarm Advisory SystemComputer Assisted Agriculture through Distributed Knowledge Based Expert SystemExpert Systems for Cotton Crop ManagementCALEXVARIEXLEY Expert SystemsGIS Expert Systems by Naiqian ZhangCLIPS Expert SystemDSS4Ag
  • Sistem Informasi & Aplikasinya

    1. 1. SisTEM INFORMASI & APLIKASINYA<br />Oleh : PrizkaMaulidyaAirianiain<br />
    2. 2. SISTEMINFORMASI<br />
    3. 3. SISTEMINFORMASI<br />
    4. 4. SISTEMINFORMASI<br />
    5. 5. SISTEMINFORMASI<br />combinations of hardware, software, and telecommunications networks which people build and use to collect, create, and distribute useful data, typically in organizational settings (Information Systems Today, Leonard Jessup and Joseph Valacich)<br />
    6. 6. Peran fundamental sidalambisnis<br />
    7. 7. Fungsisisteminformasi<br />
    8. 8. Fungsisisteminformasi<br />Mengingat yang lalu<br />Mengatasikeadaansaatini<br />Menyiapkanuntukkedepan<br />
    9. 9. Perandansasaransi<br />Meningkatkanproduktivitaspersonel<br />Meningkatkanpengambilankeputusan<br />Memperbaikikolaborasitim<br />Mengreasikankemitraandanaliansibisnis<br />Mencapaiglobalisasi enable global reach<br />Memfasilitasitransformasiorganisasi<br />
    10. 10. Classes of information systems<br />Transaction Processing Systems (TPS)<br />Management Information Systems (MIS)<br />Decision Support Systems (DSS)<br />Office Automation Systems (OAS)<br />Expert Systems <br />
    11. 11. Classes of information systems<br />Transaction Processing Systems (TPS)<br />information system applications that capture and process data about business transactions.<br />Management Information Systems (MIS)<br />information system application that provides for management-oriented reporting. These reports are usually generated on a predetermined schedule and appear in a prearranged format<br />Decision Support Systems (DSS)<br />Office Automation Systems (OAS)<br />Expert Systems <br />
    12. 12. Classes of information systems<br />Transaction Processing Systems (TPS)<br />Management Information Systems (MIS)<br />Decision Support Systems (DSS)<br />information system application that provides its users with decision-oriented information whenever a decision-making situation arises. When applied to executive managers, these systems are sometimes called executive information systems (EIS)<br />Office Automation Systems (OAS)<br />Expert Systems <br />
    13. 13. Classes of information systems<br />Transaction Processing Systems (TPS)<br />Management Information Systems (MIS)<br />Decision Support Systems (DSS)<br />Office Automation Systems (OAS)<br />support the wide range of business office activities that provide for improved work flow and communications between workers, regardless of whether or not those workers are located in the same office.<br />Expert Systems <br />
    14. 14. Expert systems<br />a programmed decision-making information system that captures and reproduces the knowledge and expertise of an expert problem solver or decision maker and then simulates the “thinking” or “actions” of that expert.<br />Expert systems are implemented with artificial intelligence technology that captures, stores, and provides access to the reasoning of the experts. <br />
    15. 15. Major application areas<br />Agriculture<br />Education<br />Environment<br />law manufacturing<br />medicine <br />etc.<br />
    16. 16. Agricultural expert systems<br />Rice-Crop Doctor<br />AGREX<br />Farm Advisory System<br />Computer Assisted Agriculture through Distributed Knowledge Based Expert System<br />Expert Systems for Cotton Crop Management<br />CALEX<br />VARIEX<br />LEY Expert Systems<br />GIS Expert Systems by Naiqian Zhang<br />CLIPS Expert System<br />DSS4Ag<br />
    17. 17. Expert systems in education<br />Computer animation (Victor Yee, 1995)<br />Computer science (Heather Christine Markham 2001)<br />Engineering (ZoricaNedic, Vladimir Nedic and Jan Machotka, 2002)<br />Language (Expert System in Language Teaching)<br />
    18. 18. Expert Systems in Environmental Management<br />Computer-Aided System For Environmental Compliance Auditing<br />Hybrid Expert System, GIS And Simulation Modeling For Environmental And Technological Risk Management<br />Geographic Information Systems (GIS) And Simulation Models For Water Resources Management<br />
    19. 19. Expert Systems in Medicine<br />CaDet(Early Cancer Detection)<br />Dxplain(diagnosis, Massachusetts General Hospital)<br />Germwatcher<br />HELP (Health Evaluation through Logical Processes, Kuperman)<br />PEIRS (Pathology Expert Interpretative Reporting System)<br />Puff<br />SETH<br />
    20. 20. seth<br />The aim is to give specific advice concerning the treatment and monitoring of drug poisoning. <br />data base contains the 1153 most toxic or most frequently ingested French drugs from 78 different toxicological classes.<br />simulates expert reasoning, taking into account for each toxicological class, delay, clinical symptoms and ingested dose<br />generates accurate monitoring and treatment advice, addressing also drug interactions and drug exceptions.<br />Between April 1992 and October 1994, 2099 SETH analyzed cases inputted by residents. Since that time three phases of evaluation have been performed. It was concluded that an expert system in clinical toxicology is a valuable tool in the daily practice of a Poison Control Center.<br />
    21. 21. CLIPS (C Language Integrated Production System)<br />A prototype alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) management CLIPS expert system has been developed by Purdue University agricultural scientists<br />This form of artificial intelligence provides an extension tool, which will enable farmers to very economically use a computer program to reach conclusions concerning profitable alfalfa production that normally would require consultation with a forage expert<br />Management considerations and the sequence in which they were built into the knowledge base are: soil drainage, soil pH, soil P test, soil K test, and use of alfalfa crop, chemical weed control, and expected longevity of stand, variety recommendation, method and rate of seeding and pure live seed. <br />The knowledge base of these CLIPS expert system can easily be updated, as new information becomes available or can be modified for use in other states or farming regions<br />
    22. 22. sumber<br />http://www.generation5.org/content/2005/Expert_System.asp<br />slide presentasiSistemoleh Mary Handoko<br />slide presentasiSistemInformasioleh Mary Handoko<br />System Analysis and Design 5thedby J.L.Whitten, L.D.Bentley, & K.C.Dittman<br />
    23. 23. TERIMA KASIH<br />

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