Learning and memory

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This was my presentations for critical thinking skills subject. This slides convey on the relationship on learning and memory.

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Learning and memory

  1. 1. Types of memory Procedural Memory – stores information on how to do something Working Memory – aka short term memory Long-term Memory – stored, permanent information Semantic Memory – general information involving who, what and why Episodic Memory – information associated with time and place where memory was formed Perceptual Memory – serves to identify objects and structure of language
  2. 2. SHORT TERM LONG TERMS called “memory for now” contains all that we are working on right now. will be lost after it is used call true memory or memory for later permanent information made up of both semantic and episodic memory
  3. 3. Encoding: Once we come in contact with information to be remembered our brains develop a “code,” which becomes a record of the experience Storage: This is the ability to hold and effectively store a memory Retrieval: This refers to the ability to recall the memory needed
  4. 4. How to Improve Your Memory DON’T SKIMP ON EXERCISE OR SLEEP !! Make time for friends and fun Bulk up on brain-boosting foods Mnemonic devices and memorization Physical exercise increases oxygen to brain and reduces the risk for disorders that lead to memory loss sleep is necessary for memory consolidation researchers found that people with the most active social lives had the slowest rate of memory decline laughter…seems to help people think more broadly and associate more freely activates areas of the brain vital to learning and creativity meditation improve many different types of conditions if left unchecked, it will destroys brain cells and damages the hippocampus NUTRITIONAL TIPS Get your omega-3s Limit calories and saturated fat Eat more fruit and vegetables Drink green tea Visual image - Associate a visual image with a word or name Acrostic (or sentence) - Make up a sentence in which the first letter of each word is part of or represents the initial Rhymes and alliteration - Rhymes, alliteration (a repeating sound or syllable), and even jokes Chunking - Chunking breaks a long list of numbers or other types of information into smaller, more manageable chunks Method of loci - Imagine placing the items you want to remember along a route you know well or in specific locations in a familiar room or building
  5. 5. Tips for enhancing your ability to learn and remember Pay attention Involve as many senses as possible. Relate information to what you already know focus on understanding basic ideas Rehearse information you’ve already learned
  6. 6. Reasons Why We Forget
  7. 7. Brain Age: Train Your Brain in Minutes a Day!, aka Dr. Kawashima's Brain Training: How Old Is Your Brain? is an entertainment video game that employs puzzles. It was developed and published by the video gaming company Nintendo for the Nintendo DS hand held video game console.
  8. 8. The hippocampus is a horse-shoe shaped area of the brain that plays an important role in consolidating information from short-term memory into long-term memory. It is part of the limbic system, a system associated with emotions and long-term memories. The hippocampus is involved in such complex processes as forming, organizing, and storing memories.

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