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THE SAPIR-WHORF
HYPOTHESIS
By :
IKA FARIHAH HENTIHU
Who is Supir?
Sapir (1884-1939)
• American anthropologist-linguist; a leader
in American structural linguistics
• Author o...
Benjamin Lee Whorf (1897-1941)
He graduated from the MIT in 1918 with a degree in
Chemical Engineering and shortly afterwa...
Introduction

Edward sapir (1884-1939)

Benjamin Lee Whorf
(1897-1941)

SAPIR-WHORF

First discussed by Sapir in 1929, the...
Popularly known as the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, or
Whorfianism, the principle is often defined as having two
versions:

the...
Franz Boas

.
embraced forms of the idea
to one extent or another, but
Sapir in particular wrote
more often against than i...
SAPIR-WHORF HYPOTHESIS I

• Linguistic relativity:
SAPIR-WHORF HYPOTHESIS II
• .

Language
Determinism
Can the theory of language
determinism be accepted?
• If the theory of language determinism is right, the cross.

language...
.Language does not exist apart
from culture, that is, from the
socially inherited assemblage
of practices and beliefs that...
For example
because Indonesia has collective culture,
the kinship system is very prominent in
their language. We’ll see th...
CONCLUSION
Final Conclusion
•The extreme version of
this idea, that all thought is constrained by
language, has been dispr...
THANK YOU
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Sapir and Whorf

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Sapir and Whorf Hypothesis

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  • Transcript of "Sapir and Whorf"

    1. 1. THE SAPIR-WHORF HYPOTHESIS By : IKA FARIHAH HENTIHU
    2. 2. Who is Supir? Sapir (1884-1939) • American anthropologist-linguist; a leader in American structural linguistics • Author of Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech • Born in Lauenberg, Germany. • Pupil of Franz Boas, teacher of Benjamin WhorfEdward
    3. 3. Benjamin Lee Whorf (1897-1941) He graduated from the MIT in 1918 with a degree in Chemical Engineering and shortly afterwards began work as a fire prevention engineer (inspector). Although he met, and later studied with Edward Sapir, he never took up linguistics as a profession. known for his work on the Hopi language. He was considered to be a captivating speaker and did much to popularize his linguistic ideas through popular lectures and articles written to be accessible to lay readers.
    4. 4. Introduction Edward sapir (1884-1939) Benjamin Lee Whorf (1897-1941) SAPIR-WHORF First discussed by Sapir in 1929, the hypothesis became popular in the 1950s following posthumous publication of Whorf's writings on the subject. • After vigorous attack from followers of Noam Chomsky in the following decades, the hypothesis is now believed by most linguists only in the weak sense that language can have some small effect on thought.
    5. 5. Popularly known as the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, or Whorfianism, the principle is often defined as having two versions: the strong version that language determines thought and that linguistic categories limit and determine cognitive categories the weak version that linguistic categories and usage influence thought and certain kinds of nonlinguistic behaviour
    6. 6. Franz Boas . embraced forms of the idea to one extent or another, but Sapir in particular wrote more often against than in favor of anything like linguistic determinism Edward Sapir
    7. 7. SAPIR-WHORF HYPOTHESIS I • Linguistic relativity:
    8. 8. SAPIR-WHORF HYPOTHESIS II • . Language Determinism
    9. 9. Can the theory of language determinism be accepted? • If the theory of language determinism is right, the cross. language and cross-cultural communication will never occur. If the theory of language determinism is right, the translation toward foreign language is impossible. If the theory of language determinism is right, the foreign language lerning will never occur
    10. 10. .Language does not exist apart from culture, that is, from the socially inherited assemblage of practices and beliefs that determines the texture of lives (Sapir,1921: 207) CULTURAL LANGUAGE THOUGHT PATTERN
    11. 11. For example because Indonesia has collective culture, the kinship system is very prominent in their language. We’ll see the expression like: • Bapak/Ibu/Saudara/Kakak/Adik tinggal di mana? In English, we’ll find the expression as: • Where do you live?
    12. 12. CONCLUSION Final Conclusion •The extreme version of this idea, that all thought is constrained by language, has been disproved • The opposite extreme – that language does not influence thought at all – is also widely considered to be false
    13. 13. THANK YOU
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