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This paper proposes a Multiagent Based Multipath Routing (MBMR) using a set of static and mobile agents
by employing localization technique. The operation of proposed routing technique can be briefly explained
as follows. (1) Anchor nodes are deployed evenly over the network environment. (2) Unknown sensor nodes
are deployed randomly over network environment and these nodes perform localization. (3) Source node
computes the shortest route to destination node through arbitrary midpoint node and intermediate nodes.
(4) Source node generates mobile agents for partial route discovery, which traverses to destination node
through the midpoint and intermediate nodes by carrying information. (5) Mobile agents update the
destination node with carried information. (6) Destination node computes route weight factor for all the
routes discovered by mobile agents. (7) Destination node computes the node disjoint routes and it selects
routes depending on the criticalness of event for communication. The performance of the proposed scheme
is evaluated in terms of performance parameters such as localization error, network lifetime, energy
consumption, cost factor, packet delivery ratio, and latency.