Fimpas presentatie engels


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Contains the pres. of the fisheries measures in protected areas (FIMPAS) project.

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Fimpas presentatie engels

  1. 2. Fisheries measures in marine N2000 sites in the North Sea <ul><li>Hans Nieuwenhuis, Project leader N2000 North Sea </li></ul><ul><li>and Ton IJlstra, </li></ul><ul><li>Project leader fisheries measures </li></ul>
  2. 3. Overview presentation <ul><li>I. Protecting Natura2000 sites in the North Sea (Hans Nieuwenhuis) </li></ul><ul><li>II. Implementing fisheries measures in these areas (Ton IJlstra) </li></ul>
  3. 4. Sites to protect <ul><li>Protection is an essential part of European legislation (Birds & Habitats Directives) </li></ul><ul><li>Areas are selected on the basis of scientific criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the EEZ, the Dogger Bank, the Cleaver Bank and the Frisian Front qualify for protection under B&HD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Within the 12 mile-zone there will be an expansion of North Sea Coastal Zone and protection of the Vlakte van de Raan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>See next slides for locations of these sites </li></ul>
  4. 5. In the EEZ Cleaver Bank Frisian Front Dogger Bank
  5. 6. Within the 12 mile-zone Vlakte van de Raan North Sea Coastal Zone 2
  6. 7. What do we want to protect in these areas? <ul><li>Imares report (August 2009) provides recommendations for conservation objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration of habitattypes H1110 (“sandbanks”) and 1170 (“reefs”) </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation of the quality of the areas for </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sea mammals (harbour porpoise, seals) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>birds (e.g. great skua and the eider) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>migratory fish (non-commercial fish) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive discussions with stakeholders! </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. International co-operation <ul><li>Involvement of Coastal States </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. Trilateral cooperation aimed at common approach to conservation objectives for Dogger Bank </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different stages of implementation in 3 member states </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ideally aimed at common proposals for fisheries measures </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involvement of Flag States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In FIMPAS project >> Part II of presentation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Involvement of International institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ICES </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European Commission </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STECF </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>North Sea RAC </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Necessary conditions for protection <ul><li>Approval of the designated sites by the European Commission by placement on the EU list (end of 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Amendment of the Nature Conservation Act to extend its application to the Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone (spring 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Hereafter, 5 Designation decrees in 2010 (+ public consultation procedure) </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation to establish whether any additional areas qualify for protection under B&HD or MSFD: decision by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Taking fisheries measures >> part II of presentation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approval of the European Commission for the measures in the 12 mile zone > Measures to be taken in 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European Commission develops European regulation after Dutch proposals for measures in the EEZ > Measures in 2012-13 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Overview presentation <ul><li>Protecting Natura2000 sites in the North Sea (Hans Nieuwenhuis) </li></ul><ul><li>II. Implementing fisheries measures in these areas (Ton IJlstra) </li></ul>
  10. 11. What happened previously: <ul><li>June 2008: Private agreement between the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, NGOs and the fishery industry </li></ul><ul><li>Request to Dutch Minister of Agriculture to organize the international process directed by ICES </li></ul><ul><li>Following the German example, the EMPAS project </li></ul>
  11. 12. Current state of affairs <ul><li>On October 6 the FIMPAS* contract was signed </li></ul><ul><li>Fisheries sector and NGOs participate in FIMPAS </li></ul><ul><li>FIMPAS project provides the ecologic, economic and marine biological knowledge to take measures </li></ul><ul><li>*FIMPAS = Fisheries Measures in Protected Areas </li></ul>
  12. 13. Planning FIMPAS-project 2009 2010 2011 1 2 3 1 Kick-off (6 Oktober) 1 st Workshop: data gathering 2 nd Workshop: Conflict Analysis (conservation objectives vs fisheries techniques) 3 rd Workshop: Management Options / measures + Socio-economic implications ACOM Advice / Closing event – ICES 2 3 4 4 5 5
  13. 14. Interaction Nature / Fisheries industry <ul><li>Fishing has a significant impact on the benthic ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>This applies to bottom trawling in particular </li></ul><ul><li>Not all fisheries are damaging to the environment </li></ul><ul><li> Therefore a conflict analysis is needed: when are fisheries (not) in conformity with the conservation objectives </li></ul>
  14. 15. Basic Principles for policies <ul><li>Not to implement more restrictions than necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting nature stimulates innovation en sustainability in fisheries sector </li></ul><ul><li>Allow fisheries where and when they are not in conflict with conservation targets </li></ul><ul><li>Measures are to be applied to all fishermen (also foreign) </li></ul><ul><li>Insight into the economic consequences is important </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation of fisheries activities through the CFP </li></ul><ul><li>Wide support from the stakeholders is crucial </li></ul>
  15. 16. Intensity of fisheries on the Dutch North Sea Smaller than 300 Hp Larger than 300 Hp
  16. 17. Developments in the Dutch North Sea fisheries sector <ul><li>The number of fishing vessels has declined significantly in the past few years </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure from society to make the sector more sustainable; use of new techniques such as the sum-wing, pulskor, longlining, flyshooten, hydro-rig and other experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion to new fishing techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Current production costs require more cost-effective fishing techniques </li></ul><ul><li>New developments such as labelling schemes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of the CFP </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Measures in the Natura2000 sites <ul><li>Measures are yet unknown </li></ul><ul><li>They depend on the advice from ICES and the support this gets from stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Government wants to achieve the conservation objectives within a reasonable period </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation of ecosystem values in these areas will stimulate more sustainable fisheries industry by establishing requirements for fishing techniques </li></ul>
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