Fimpas presentatie engels
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Fimpas presentatie engels

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Contains the pres. of the fisheries measures in protected areas (FIMPAS) project.

Contains the pres. of the fisheries measures in protected areas (FIMPAS) project.

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Fisheries measures in marine N2000 sites in the North Sea
    • Hans Nieuwenhuis, Project leader N2000 North Sea
    • and Ton IJlstra,
    • Project leader fisheries measures
  • 3. Overview presentation
    • I. Protecting Natura2000 sites in the North Sea (Hans Nieuwenhuis)
    • II. Implementing fisheries measures in these areas (Ton IJlstra)
  • 4. Sites to protect
    • Protection is an essential part of European legislation (Birds & Habitats Directives)
    • Areas are selected on the basis of scientific criteria
    • Conclusion:
        • In the EEZ, the Dogger Bank, the Cleaver Bank and the Frisian Front qualify for protection under B&HD
        • Within the 12 mile-zone there will be an expansion of North Sea Coastal Zone and protection of the Vlakte van de Raan
    • See next slides for locations of these sites
  • 5. In the EEZ Cleaver Bank Frisian Front Dogger Bank
  • 6. Within the 12 mile-zone Vlakte van de Raan North Sea Coastal Zone 2
  • 7. What do we want to protect in these areas?
    • Imares report (August 2009) provides recommendations for conservation objectives:
    • Restoration of habitattypes H1110 (“sandbanks”) and 1170 (“reefs”)
    • Conservation of the quality of the areas for
        • sea mammals (harbour porpoise, seals)
        • birds (e.g. great skua and the eider)
        • migratory fish (non-commercial fish)
      • Extensive discussions with stakeholders!
  • 8. International co-operation
    • Involvement of Coastal States
          • e.g. Trilateral cooperation aimed at common approach to conservation objectives for Dogger Bank
          • Different stages of implementation in 3 member states
          • Ideally aimed at common proposals for fisheries measures
      • Involvement of Flag States
          • In FIMPAS project >> Part II of presentation
    • Involvement of International institutions
          • ICES
          • European Commission
          • STECF
          • North Sea RAC
  • 9. Necessary conditions for protection
    • Approval of the designated sites by the European Commission by placement on the EU list (end of 2009)
    • Amendment of the Nature Conservation Act to extend its application to the Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone (spring 2010)
    • Hereafter, 5 Designation decrees in 2010 (+ public consultation procedure)
    • Investigation to establish whether any additional areas qualify for protection under B&HD or MSFD: decision by 2012
    • Taking fisheries measures >> part II of presentation
          • Approval of the European Commission for the measures in the 12 mile zone > Measures to be taken in 2010
          • European Commission develops European regulation after Dutch proposals for measures in the EEZ > Measures in 2012-13
  • 10. Overview presentation
    • Protecting Natura2000 sites in the North Sea (Hans Nieuwenhuis)
    • II. Implementing fisheries measures in these areas (Ton IJlstra)
  • 11. What happened previously:
    • June 2008: Private agreement between the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, NGOs and the fishery industry
    • Request to Dutch Minister of Agriculture to organize the international process directed by ICES
    • Following the German example, the EMPAS project
  • 12. Current state of affairs
    • On October 6 the FIMPAS* contract was signed
    • Fisheries sector and NGOs participate in FIMPAS
    • FIMPAS project provides the ecologic, economic and marine biological knowledge to take measures
    • *FIMPAS = Fisheries Measures in Protected Areas
  • 13. Planning FIMPAS-project 2009 2010 2011 1 2 3 1 Kick-off (6 Oktober) 1 st Workshop: data gathering 2 nd Workshop: Conflict Analysis (conservation objectives vs fisheries techniques) 3 rd Workshop: Management Options / measures + Socio-economic implications ACOM Advice / Closing event – ICES 2 3 4 4 5 5
  • 14. Interaction Nature / Fisheries industry
    • Fishing has a significant impact on the benthic ecosystem
    • This applies to bottom trawling in particular
    • Not all fisheries are damaging to the environment
    •  Therefore a conflict analysis is needed: when are fisheries (not) in conformity with the conservation objectives
  • 15. Basic Principles for policies
    • Not to implement more restrictions than necessary
    • Protecting nature stimulates innovation en sustainability in fisheries sector
    • Allow fisheries where and when they are not in conflict with conservation targets
    • Measures are to be applied to all fishermen (also foreign)
    • Insight into the economic consequences is important
    • Regulation of fisheries activities through the CFP
    • Wide support from the stakeholders is crucial
  • 16. Intensity of fisheries on the Dutch North Sea Smaller than 300 Hp Larger than 300 Hp
  • 17. Developments in the Dutch North Sea fisheries sector
    • The number of fishing vessels has declined significantly in the past few years
    • Pressure from society to make the sector more sustainable; use of new techniques such as the sum-wing, pulskor, longlining, flyshooten, hydro-rig and other experiments
    • Conversion to new fishing techniques
    • Current production costs require more cost-effective fishing techniques
    • New developments such as labelling schemes
      • Review of the CFP
  • 18. Measures in the Natura2000 sites
    • Measures are yet unknown
    • They depend on the advice from ICES and the support this gets from stakeholders
    • Government wants to achieve the conservation objectives within a reasonable period
    • Conservation of ecosystem values in these areas will stimulate more sustainable fisheries industry by establishing requirements for fishing techniques