20100507 Presentatie Voor Ger Mix Dd 7mei2010 Short

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Presentatie voor de Duitse \'Lenkungsausschuss\' inzake de visserijmaatregelen in de Duitse wateren over het Nederlandse FIMPAS project

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  • Deze presentatie werd gehouden op 7 mei 2010 door Ton IJlstra voor een Duitse stuurgroep over visserijmaatregelen in de Duitse Noord- en Oostzee.
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  • BMU: Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit BMELV: Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz Nachhaltige Fangmethoden und ein aktiver Meeresschutz sind die Garanten des zukünftigen wirtschaftlichen Erfolges der Fischerei
  • 20100507 Presentatie Voor Ger Mix Dd 7mei2010 Short

    1. 2. Fisheries measures in marine N2000 sites in the North Sea <ul><li>Ton IJlstra Project leader Fisheries in N2000 sites North Sea </li></ul>
    2. 3. Outline of the presentation <ul><ul><li>Brief sketch of the Natura2000 MPA’s in the Netherlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maps, brief history </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political principles that apply to these processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Principles established in Dutch political culture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The process to decide on fisheries measures in the coastal zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Independent chairman, small staff, stakeholders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MPA’s in the Dutch EEZ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FIMPAS ! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doggerbank issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How and who cooperate </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 4. <ul><li>1 Introduction </li></ul>
    4. 5. Within the 12 mile-zone Vlakte van de Raan North Sea Coastal Zone 2
    5. 6. In the EEZ Cleaver Bank Frisian Front Dogger Bank
    6. 8. <ul><li>Next: MPA´s in the International North Sea </li></ul>
    7. 9. German North Sea UK North Sea Dutch North Sea
    8. 10. Developments in the Dutch North Sea fisheries sector <ul><li>The number of fishing vessels has declined significantly in the past few years </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure from society to make the sector more sustainable; use of new techniques such as the sum-wing, pulskor, longlining, flyshooten, hydro-rig and other experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion to new fishing techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Current production costs require more cost-effective fishing techniques </li></ul><ul><li>New developments such as labelling schemes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of the CFP </li></ul></ul>
    9. 11. Fishing intensity Beamtrawl <300 en >300 hp (2007) TBS TBB >300 TBB <300
    10. 12. Interaction Nature / Fisheries industry <ul><li>Fishing has a significant impact e.g. on the benthic ecosystem, mammals and birds </li></ul><ul><li>This applies to bottom trawling in particular </li></ul><ul><li>Not all fisheries are damaging to the environment </li></ul><ul><li> Therefore a conflict analysis is needed: when are fisheries (not) in conformity with the conservation objectives </li></ul>Problem?
    11. 13. Role of the fishing industry <ul><li>Fishing industry will be affected by Natura 2000, </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>also by other developments: Wind farming, climate change, Marine strategy directive, CFP reform </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Fishing industry has a key role in shaping its own future </li></ul><ul><li>FIMPAS provides the platform to play this role </li></ul>
    12. 14. Sustainable fisheries <ul><li>Sustainable fishing will give preferential treatment in MPA’s </li></ul><ul><li>Pulse trawl, </li></ul><ul><li>Other, new developments: (electrical) Sumwing, switch to different types of fisheries, less damaging types </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul><ul><li>MSC Certification </li></ul><ul><li>Shrimp fishing, gillnet fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul><ul><li>They will have more possibilities to fish in MPA’s </li></ul>
    13. 15. <ul><li>2 Political principles </li></ul>
    14. 16. Basic Principles <ul><li>Not more restrictions than necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Nature conservation stimulates innovation en sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Allow fisheries where and when possible </li></ul><ul><li>Measures apply to all fishermen (also foreign) </li></ul><ul><li>Insight into the economic consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation of fisheries activities through CFP </li></ul><ul><li>Wide support from the stakeholders </li></ul>
    15. 17. Endproduct specifications <ul><ul><li>The endproduct serves as the basis for a proposal to the Eur. Comm. containing fisheries measures for MPA’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has been sufficiently validated with the input of all relevant stakeholders to guarantee its quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has sufficient consent of all partners involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fulfills all the conditions for a proposal as set out by the commission in its document on fisheries measures. </li></ul></ul>
    16. 18. Measures in the Natura2000 sites <ul><li>Measures are yet unknown </li></ul><ul><li>They depend on the advice from ICES and the support this gets from stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Government wants to achieve the conservation objectives within a reasonable period </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation of ecosystem values in these areas will stimulate more sustainable fisheries industry by establishing requirements for fishing techniques </li></ul>
    17. 19. Preliminary work <ul><li>Approval of the designated sites by the EC by placement on the EU list (Febr. 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Amendment of the Nature Conservation Act to extend its application to the Dutch EEZ (spring 2010) <<postponed due to fall of the Dutch cabinet>> </li></ul><ul><li>5 Designation decrees in 2010/11 (+ public consultation procedure) </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation into possible additional areas under B&HD or MSFD: decision by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Fisheries measures </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approval of the EC for the measures in the 12 mile zone > Measures to be taken in 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EC develops European regulation after Dutch proposals for measures in the EEZ > Measures in 2012 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Next: coastal zone </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 20. <ul><li>3 COASTAL ZONE </li></ul>
    19. 21. Key question: how to involve stakeholders? <ul><li>Participation of stakeholders is necessary to provide and to improve of the quality of the data </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders’ views are necessary to get a solid view of practice </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders have alternative views and solutions that may generate the same protection </li></ul>
    20. 22. How to arrive at CFP measures: National 12 nm process <ul><li>Minister installed independent mediator </li></ul><ul><li>To lead process between stakeholders (nature NGOs; fisheries sector) to come to agreement on necessary fisheries measures </li></ul><ul><li>Based on scientific input; outcome must deliver conservation objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome is advice to Minister </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry will process to legal proposal </li></ul><ul><li>Subsequently notification procedure </li></ul>
    21. 23. Details of 12 nm zone process: art 9 Basic Reg. CFP <ul><li>Two N2000 sites are within the 12 nm zone (North Sea Coastal Zone ‘2’ and Vlakte van de Raan) </li></ul><ul><li>Due to internal political and legal reasons regulation will take place in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Measures are prepared in accordance with art 9 basic regulation CFP </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement of science, fisheries organisations and NGO’s </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement on fish. measures October ’10; </li></ul><ul><li>Designation decrees: drafts have been submitted (april ’10); </li></ul><ul><li>(pre-)notification start in november / december </li></ul><ul><li>Next: FIMPAS </li></ul>
    22. 24. <ul><li>4 FIMPAS </li></ul>
    23. 25. Fishing measures: What preceded? <ul><li>June 2008: Private agreement between the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, NGOs and fishing industry </li></ul><ul><li>Request to organize an international ICES-led process for MPA’s in EEZ </li></ul><ul><li>Following the German EMPAS example </li></ul><ul><li>Ambition to learn from EMPAS (e.g. wider involvement ICES working groups; settling the information basis at early stage; provide conservation objectives at outset) </li></ul>
    24. 26. Relevant questions for a Dutch Empas project
    25. 27. FIMPAS project <ul><li>FIMPAS = Fisheries Measures in Protected Areas </li></ul><ul><li>ICES-led </li></ul><ul><li>Fisheries sector and NGOs participate in FIMPAS </li></ul><ul><li>Role EC? </li></ul><ul><li>FIMPAS project provides the ecologic, economic and marine biological knowledge to take measures </li></ul>
    26. 28. Characteristics of FIMPAS <ul><li>Knowledge driven </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific independence </li></ul><ul><li>Open participation </li></ul><ul><li>International dimensions (next slide) </li></ul><ul><li>In conformity with EC ‘rules’ </li></ul><ul><li>Statements on the basic of explicit scientific knowledge; no ‘gut’ feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists operate in complete independence: no biased info </li></ul><ul><li>All interested parties – GO’s, industry and NGO’s - can actively participate </li></ul><ul><li>Flag- Coastal states and International institutions are invited to participate </li></ul><ul><li>CFP / Directives / Guidances </li></ul>
    27. 29. International dimensions: process for the adoption of fisheries measures in MPA's North Sea
    28. 30. International co-operation <ul><li>Involvement of Coastal States </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Necessity for adjacent states to co-operate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involvement of Flag States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>12 nm zone: Notification procedure (art 9 CFP) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EEZ : FIMPAS project </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In accordance with EC guidelines </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bilateral contacts and consultations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Involvement of International institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ICES </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European Commission </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STECF </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>North Sea RAC </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    29. 31. <ul><li>5 follow up </li></ul>
    30. 32. How to arrive at CFP measures: 2 procedures <ul><li>12 nautical mile zone </li></ul><ul><li>NL prepares measures on scientific basis and in consultation with stakeholders (by summer 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Must be applicable to all fishing vessels in this zone </li></ul><ul><li>Notification procedure in accordance with art 9 CFP (summer-fall) </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement flag states, NS RAC </li></ul><ul><li>Voordelta experience: pre-notification </li></ul><ul><li>EEZ </li></ul><ul><li>FIMPAS project </li></ul><ul><li>Advice by mid-2011 </li></ul><ul><li>NL proposal to EC by end 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Trilateral proposal for Doggerbank </li></ul>
    31. 33. Current state of affairs <ul><li>On October 6 the FIMPAS* contract was signed </li></ul><ul><li>FIMPAS project provides the ecologic, economic and marine biological knowledge to take measures </li></ul><ul><li>NL Fisheries sector and NGOs participate in FIMPAS </li></ul><ul><li>Currently we are trying to engage other coastal and flag states: authorities, fisheries sector, NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>First workshop on knowledge gaps: Scheveningen, 22-24 Febr. 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Second workshop on conflict analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Third workshop on management options </li></ul><ul><li>Next: planning Fimpas </li></ul>
    32. 34. Planning FIMPAS-project 2009 2010 2011 1 2 3 1 Kick-off (6 Oktober) 1 st Workshop: data gathering (Scheveningen, 22/24 Febr. ’10) 2 nd Workshop: Conflict Analysis (conservation objectives vs fisheries techniques) Hardelot (France), 30 June – 2 July 3 rd Workshop: Management Options / measures + Socio-economic implications January 2011 ACOM Advice / Closing event – ICES 2 3 4 4 5 5
    33. 35. <ul><li>6 Doggerbank issues </li></ul>
    34. 36. Doggerbank <ul><ul><ul><li>1 ) Special case: the Doggerbank </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trilateral cooperation aimed at common approach to conservation objectives for Dogger Bank </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different stages of implementation in 3 member states </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preferably aimed at one joint proposal for fisheries measures to the EC </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different levels of protection in UK GER and NL? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) Common basis for conservation objectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Galway talks: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approach for Habitattype 1110 is similar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different approaches for marine mammals (Harbour Porpoise and seasl): GER and NL vs. UK </li></ul></ul></ul>
    35. 37. Special Case: Doggerbank (1) <ul><ul><ul><li>Tuning of site boundaries </li></ul></ul></ul>
    36. 38. German – Dutch co-operation <ul><li>Since November 2008 (Stralsund Conference) we have met several times </li></ul><ul><li>In trilateral context (+ UK): Leiden (Jan. 2009), Galway (March 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Bilaterally (Dec. 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Next: conclusions </li></ul>
    37. 39. Conclusions German – Dutch cooperation <ul><ul><ul><li>Proposals : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation objectives for the Doggerbank as a whole should be harmonised </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EC doc “Fisheries measures for Marine Natura 2000 sites (2008)” is good reference document </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Socio-economic aspects are important </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participation of UK is important </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time paths do not coincide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Joint proposals for fishery measures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation on harbour porpoise protection in the North Sea </li></ul></ul></ul>
    38. 40. Thank you for your attention <ul><li>are there any questions? </li></ul><ul><li>please follow our project on </li></ul><ul><li>www.noordzeenatura2000.nl </li></ul><ul><li>(also available in English by end of the month) </li></ul><ul><li>Contains research reports, legal texts, agenda, news letters </li></ul>

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