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IJERA (International journal of Engineering Research and Applications) is International online, ... peer reviewed journal. For more detail or submit your article, please visit www.ijera.com

IJERA (International journal of Engineering Research and Applications) is International online, ... peer reviewed journal. For more detail or submit your article, please visit www.ijera.com

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  • K. G. Ahuja, P. G. Mehar, Dr. A. V. Vanalkar, Dr. S. S. khandare / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 6, November- December 2012, pp.162-166 Experimentation on various dies for slicing on improved hydraulic Bamboo processing machine. K. G. Ahuja1, P. G. Mehar2, Dr. A. V. Vanalkar3, Dr. S. S. khandare4 Mr. Kapil Ahuja, Student of M.Tech (MED), Fourth semester, KDK college of engineering Mr. P.G. Mehar, Research Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KDK college of Engineering Dr. A. V. Vanalkar, Professor, KDK college of Engineering, Nagpur, India Dr. S. S. Khandare, Principal, B. D. College of Engineering, Sewagram, wardhaAbstract The present work shows the machine for slicing which is to be done afterexperimentation on various dies on improved splitting the bamboo. In this research, different typesbamboo processing machine for slicing of split of dies are fabricated used for slicing purpose whichbamboos. The details of different components, includes used of different type of cutting materialconstruction and working are explained in this i.e. cutter, different types for tool positioning forpaper. The force required to slice the bamboo in slicing purpose.4 pieces is also included in this paper. This paperalso includes the traditional process of slicing the Literature Review:-split bamboo. In the year 2003, International Workshop on Bamboo Industrial Utilization titledKey Words:- Bamboo, Splitting, slicing, knot “International Network for Bamboo and Rattan”removing, Slicing force estimation. took place which was hosted by Hubei Provincial Government & Xianning Municipal GovernmentIntroduction which clearly shows although several types of The initial processes to be done on a bamboo processing devices have been developed,bamboo to make it as a useful product is called as detailed in Chapter Production Process &bamboo processing. The initial processes include Equipment for Bamboo Daily Products by LiuSplitting, External and Internal Knot Removing, Kekun. The proposed machine in this investigationSlicing, Bamboo sticking making, Stick length is not reported in the literature. Similarly, thesetting, Stick Polishing. Bamboo and bamboo splits proceedings of 7th World Bamboo Congress whichare used as the fencing material and for making took place in New Delhi in Feb., 2004 and showsvarious types of tool handles, ladders and that so far no attempt is taken in designing ascaffolding. In its natural form, bamboo as a machine for processing a bamboo which canconstruction material is traditionally associated with perform multiple operations with a single unit.the cultures of South Asia, East Asia and the South Hence, development of such type of machine is thePacific, to some extent in Central and South main aim of this project. Obviously, when severalAmerica. Bamboo sticks are used for various operations can take place in one machine. It ispurposes like building construction. Splits as well as bound to be commercially suitable.slivers are used to make a wide range of productssuch as baskets, the core of incense-sticks, kites and Concept of Research:-toys, flutes and a large number of handicraft items. Traditionally bamboo slicing is doneThey are also use to make cages for poultry, drying, manually, or by using a manually operated machine,packaging and transport of grains. Bamboo splits are there was always a need of hydraulically operatedwoven into mats and use to manufacture mat boards. bamboo slicing machine, so this brings us the ideaTraditionally the bamboo is processed in different of manufacturing different types of dies for slicingsteps and for each step a different machine is of bamboo on improved bamboo processingrequired, the main aim behind this development of machine. The different options available with usexperimental set up of improved bamboo processing were to change the tool for cutting or change themachine is to reduce the number of steps and also to tool position for slicing purpose. The two toolreduce the number of machines required to do the materials available with us are HSS and O2; thesedesired work. So an improved bamboo processing are the two available tool materials which we canmachine is fabricated which can perform splitting use. The other option available is to fabricate the dieand slicing on a single machine. The design involves using different tool positions; the first option was toa new concept of making a special purpose of die keep the tools straight one after the another and infor splitting and slicing, the concept behind this the other die tools were kept in such a way that threeproject is that, the machine is kept common for both tools were fixer parallel to each other and the otherthe operations; only the die for splitting and slicing tool were fixed beneath them and in between theis different. This will eliminate the use of special 162 | P a g e
  • K. G. Ahuja, P. G. Mehar, Dr. A. V. Vanalkar, Dr. S. S. khandare / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 6, November- December 2012, pp.162-166above three tools. The figures of all the dies areshown below.Traditional Bamboo splitting machine:- Fig 2: Traditional hand operated bamboo splitting machine A simple hand-operated slicer that can slice bamboo splits in thick slivers used in manufacturing fine basketry and novelty items. This die consists of four tools having a length of 40 mm height of 25 mm and the end thickness of 2.5mm. These tools are placed parallel to each other and having a clearance of 2 mm so that we get the slices of about 1.5 mm. These tolls are fitted between two flat plates having a thickness of 4 mm. The splitted bamboo pieces are forced by using hydraulic force on to the slicing cutters in such aFig 1: Traditional bamboo splitting machine way that the spllited bamboo piece gets sliced in four pieces of 1.5 mm to 2 mm. The actual slicing die and CAD model of the same is also showed in figure no 3. 163 | P a g e
  • K. G. Ahuja, P. G. Mehar, Dr. A. V. Vanalkar, Dr. S. S. khandare / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 6, November- December 2012, pp.162-166Fig no 3: Slicing Die no 1 Fig 5: Slicing Die no 3Fig 4: Slicing die no 2 164 | P a g e
  • K. G. Ahuja, P. G. Mehar, Dr. A. V. Vanalkar, Dr. S. S. khandare / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 6, November- December 2012, pp.162-166 Fig 6: Split bamboo piecesFig 6: Slicing die no 4 A number of experiments were conducted Fig 7: Slicing Dieto study the effects of various machining parameterson bamboo processing operations. These studieshave been undertaken to investigate the effects ofvarious sizes of bamboo, speed, cutters and othermachine parameters on torque, energy and timerequired in processing operations. Duringexperimentation various variety and sizes ofbamboo samples are collected and processed at threedifferent speeds. For splitting operation differentdiameter of bamboos were taken in to considerationfor obtaining cutting force required to split bamboosof different diameters. The result of the same isshown below. In the next step the already spllitedbamboo pieces are forced on to the slicing tool andit gets sliced in four pieces, the actual slices are alsoshown in figure no 8. Fig 8 : Bamboo Slices alongwith slicing die. Conclusion:- After conducting a number of experiments on different dies for producing slices from bamboo splits, we estimated the power required to produce slices from different dies, the quality of slices and time required to produce slices out of each split 165 | P a g e
  • K. G. Ahuja, P. G. Mehar, Dr. A. V. Vanalkar, Dr. S. S. khandare / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 6, November- December 2012, pp.162-166Comparison of different dies. [6] The proceedings of 7th World BambooDi Position Size Performanc Remark Congress , New Delhi in Feb., 2004e of Tools of e [7] Zone Fly Industrial and Trade Co., Ltd, slic China (www.zonefly.cn , e http://www.wacatools.com)Di Combine 2 Failure Failed [8] Basu S.K., Mukherjee S.N., Mishrae d because of R., Fundamentals Of Tool Engineeringno non Design, Fifth Edition, Oxford and IBH1 availabilit Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., P.P.: - [44- y of space 45],[47],[48],[50],[22], 1993. for slices [9] Basu S.K.,Pal D.K , Design of Machine to flow Tools, Fourth Edition, Oxford and IBH out Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., P.P.:-Di Straight 1.5 Acceptable Smooth in [47],[37],1990.e working [10] ASTME National Technicalno Publication Committee, Tool Engineer’s2 Handbook,, Second Edition, Mc-GrawDi Inverted 2.2 Not Quality of Hill Book Company,Inc,New York, P.P.:e acceptable slices - [26(36-37)], 1959.no produced [11] Central Machine Tool Institute,3 are not up Banglore, Machine Tool Design to the Handbook, Fifth Edition, Tata Mc-Graw – mark Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New York,Di Straight 2.4 Not The size P.P.: - [639],[666],[638],[639], 1988.e with HSS acceptable of slices is [12] Chieze Ibeneche, Torque and optical traps,no tools much African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 74 thicker (25), pp. 4663-4666, 29 December, 2008 than [13] Mecmesin, testing and perfection (www. required. mecmesin.com) [14] Jemielniak, K. Commercial tool conditionREFERENCES monitoring systems, Int J Adv Manuf [1] Janssen Jules J.A., Technical Report Technol,15, 1999, pp. 711-721. International Network for Bamboo and [15] Modak, J. P. and Bapat, A. R., Rattan 2001, Designing and Building with “Formulation of Generalised Experimental Bamboo Model for a Manually Driven Flywheel [2] Gnanaharan R. and Mosteiro A.P., Manual Motor and its Optimization”, Applied on Processing of bamboo and rattan of Ergonomics, U.K., Vol. 25, No. 2, pp 119- International Network for Bamboo and 122, 1994. Rattan (INBAR), New Delhi, Beijing, [16] Shiwalkar B.D., Design Data for Eindhoven. Machine Elements, Dattatraya [3] V.S. Oberoi, report of Technology Publications,Nagpur(India). Information, Forecasting & Assessment [17] Soumitra Biswas and G Srikanth, report of Council (TIFAC), New Delhi, Annual Technology Information, Forecasting & Report, 2004-05 on National Mission on Assessment Council (TIFAC), New Delhi, Bamboo Applications (NMBA). Annual Report,2004-05,2005-06,2007-08 [4] Liu Kekun; “Production Process & on National Mission on Bamboo Equipment For Bamboo Daily Applications (NMBA). Products”, Proceedings Of International [18] Hilbert Schenck Junier, Theory of Training Workshop On Suitable Engineering Experimentation, Mc Graw Bamboo Management & Processing Hill, New York. Technique For Small Size Bamboo [19] Prashant Bamboo Machine Sales Enterprises (2000); P.P.: -[88 –104]. Corporation, Nagpur [5] Proceeding of International Symposium (www.prashantbamboo.com) titled “International Training Workshop On [20] Wood Masters(India) Machines Pvt. Ltd., Sustainable Bamboo Management And Ludhiana (India) Processing Techniques For Small – Size (www.woodmasterindia.com) Bamboo Enterprises” took place in [21] Magazine of Race Engine, Power and Hangzhou, Zhejiang of China on Oct. 4 - Torque : Understanding the relationship 16, 2000 organized by Ministry of Science between two, by EPI Inc.( www. epi- & Technology of China. eng.com) 166 | P a g e