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International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) is an open access online peer reviewed international journal that publishes research and review articles in the fields of Computer Science, Neural Networks, Electrical Engineering, Software Engineering, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Plastic Engineering, Food Technology, Textile Engineering, Nano Technology & science, Power Electronics, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Computational mathematics, Image processing, Civil Engineering, Structural Engineering, Environmental Engineering, VLSI Testing & Low Power VLSI Design etc.

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  1. 1. Yanhong QIN, Guixiao XU / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications(IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.comVol. 3, Issue 3, May-Jun 2013, pp.1306-13101306 | P a g eThe Strategy to Strengthen the Logistics Practice of ExperimentalTeaching and Improve Innovation Ability- For "Distribution andInventory Management" Course as An ExampleYanhong QIN1, Guixiao XU 21( School of Management, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing 400074, China)2(School of Management, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing 400074, China)ABSTRACTwith the strong development of logisticsindustry in our country, logistics professionaltalent demand is more and more strong, and thecorresponding logistics professional talenttraining, but from the logistics professionaleducation present situation: on the one hand, alarge number of logistics professional graduateshave been trained, on the other hand, the realsociety needed logistics professionals are difficultto meet, especially the lined logistics professionaltalents with practical ability. Therefore, in thelogistics professional teaching, we should attachgreat importance to logistics experiment teachingand laboratory construction, lets the student inthe laboratory simulation practice carries on thecomprehensive skills training, so as to rapidlyimprove the students practical and innovativeability, and relying on the development oflogistics industry change request, eventuallyadapt to rapidly changing market needs. Basedon the distribution and warehousing managementcourse as an example, through the introduction oflogistics laboratory conditions and the experimentsituation in the Chongqing Jiaotong University,we analyzed the logistics management problemsexisting in the experiment, and put forwardeffective suggestions so as to improve logisticsexperimental teaching and improve studentspractical ability to innovate.Keywords - Innovation ability; Experimentalteaching; Logistics managementI. INTRODUCTIONSince I became a "ten" the revitalization ofindustry logistics industry, logistics industrydevelopment situation in our country more and morestrong, more and more strong demand for logisticsprofessionals, along with the emerging developmentof e-commerce makes emerging logistics projectdevelopment and expand rapidly, logisticsenterprises and the logistics enterprise all a sharprise in demand for logistics talent, at the same time,professional logistics education in China has beenrapid development. Existing domestic logisticsindustry talent demand distribution is: (1)corresponding to the traditional transportation andwarehousing transportation and storage become thebasic position, and the two positions of personnelengaged in logistics practice more, but these are notin the true sense of logistics professionals; (2)intermediate position, logistics engineering orlogistics management practitioners are mostly theposition has certain logistics practice experience andhas a certain basic knowledge of logisticsprofessionals; (3), a senior logistics manager ordirector position, the two jobs logistics practitionershave a wealth of practical experience, experienceand has a wealth of logistics professional theoryknowledge, can to digest system thinking all kindsof knowledge and solve the problem of logisticsengineering and management, is the highest level oflogistics talents but this part of the talents is verylack. Logistics education, though developingrapidly, along with the enrollment expansion andlogistics management professional Settings, whilecultivating a large number of logistics professionalgraduates, but all types of enterprises need a varietyof logistics talent is not satisfied. Logistics is apractical strong, strong technical and theoreticalstrong professional, and most colleges anduniversities logistics professional education in thetheoretical knowledge of education and digestion,logistics experimental courses as students contactsan important link in logistics practice, rich logisticspractice activity to deepen understanding of thetheory and the digestion. Students through thecomplete logistics experiment projects can be wellreached out to theory and practice, not only canimprove the learning effect of students in the class,also can deepen students understanding of logisticsprofessional basic knowledge and and learning, suchas distribution center planning, distribution routeoptimization experiments, warehouse locationexperiments require students to be able to logisticsprofessional knowledge with linear programmingtheory in operations research, optimization controltheory and fuzzy evaluation theory bettercombination, so that it can significantly improvestudents self to find information, analyze problems,to use all kinds of knowledge ability to solveproblems, thus improve their learning and practiceinnovation ability. Therefore, in the logisticsprofessional teaching, experiment teaching shouldattach great importance to logistics, logistics projectdevelopment and logistics laboratory construction,
  2. 2. Yanhong QIN, Guixiao XU / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications(IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.comVol. 3, Issue 3, May-Jun 2013, pp.1306-13101307 | P a g elets the student in the lab simulation practice canrich logistics of comprehensive skills training, toincrease interest in learning, improve the learningefficiency and achieve professional theoreticalknowledge learning and practice operation skilltraining effective integration and unity, in order toimprove the logistics practice ability and innovationability of students, for students after graduation canwell adapt to the logistics work to lay a solidfoundation, to better meet the needs of the societyfor talents of logistics. Himself in ChongqingJiaotong University, school of management as thedistribution and inventory management theory andexperimental curriculum on teachers, 5 years theoryclass 40 hours, 16 experimental school, the teachingobject of logistics management professionalundergraduate, general class of 2, at least 50students, logistics experiment item includingshipping route optimization, the beer game, thelocation of the center of gravity method and theanalytic hierarchy process (ahp), a distributionnetwork shortest path and capacity arrangement.Therefore, this article will take the shipping andwarehouse management course as an exampleshows how to improve the logistics professionallogistics experiment with the students practicalability to innovate.II. CHONGQING JIAOTONG UNIVERSITYLOGISTICS EXPERIMENTAL CONDITIONSChongqing Jiaotong University, school ofmanagement has established the multimodaltransport, port logistics sand table simulationlaboratory laboratory and stereo warehouse systemlaboratory and invest a lot of money to buy a lot oflogistics software, such as ERP, vehicle schedulingsoftware, beer game, multimodal transport, physicaldistribution software and E road logisticsmanagement software; In hardware aspect, theintroduction of automated multi-layered storehousesystem, tray bungalow warehouse system,international cargo transportation system andcontainer yard operation system, etc., as well asrelated software system matching the hardwarefacilities, such as in the automation stereoscopicwarehouse is introduced involving suppliers,manufacturers, distributors and third-party logisticssupply chain management system, using the systemfor order processing, production, cargo warehousemanagement and distribution of goods distribution,etc. As a result, the logistics experiment teachinghas begun to take the required hardware andsoftware implementation of the equipment, lay afoundation for good logistics experiment teaching.In Chongqing Jiaotong University logisticsmanagement professional institute of managementas a shipping and warehouse management on theoryand experiment course teacher for five years, theoryof 40 hours, 16 classes of experimental teachingobject for logistics management professionalundergraduate, generally for 2 class, at least 50student (now recruit students scale, average of 4class, at least 110 students), logistics experimentprojects including distribution route optimization (2hours), beer game (2 hours), center of gravitymethod (2 hours) and analytic hierarchy process(ahp) location (4 hours), distribution networkshortest path (2 hours) and capacity (4 hours). Dueto laboratory space restrictions, in every time beforeexperiment, generally the experimental principle,experimental related operations in the classroomteaching steps and process, the expectedexperimental results for all students, then students inthe stipulated time to the designated laboratory forexperiments.III. THE DISTRIBUTION AND INVENTORYMANAGEMENT PROBLEMS EXISTING INEXPERIMENT COURSEDistribution and warehousing managementof experiment course covers the project mainly onstereo warehouse system laboratory of the college ofmanagement, though the laboratory in the aspects ofhardware and software is more perfect, but I foundin the experiment teaching process, there are someproblems, such as hardware is all but experimentalequipment single number not to a class of studentsto carry out the experiment at the same time;Experiment content hasnt put the important job oflogistics, circulation processing and logisticslaboratory; Also no more perfect logistics labmanual; Ignore the logistics experiment teachingevaluation; Experimental course examination waymainly according to the students to submit the testreport, inspection way too single, exist thephenomenon of plagiarism(1) The experiment equipment of single units is notenough. Lab is full in the hardware aspect, butignored the experimental equipment of single unitsto the students of class a at the same time thefeasibility of trying out an experiment, it is not ableto achieve student performance in practicaloperation, which hinders their understanding allkinds of logistics equipment and related operatingskill. In software aspect, for example, generallyUSES the computer to experiment, the experimentalproject is below 50 students can experiment at thesame time, and now the size of 110 people, so it isdifficult to experiment at the same time, and theprofessional class teacher is difficult to in thelimited time to guide every classmate, unable tocommunicate with them in time logistics designscheme. In addition, for the distribution andinventory management of experimental projectsmainly in three-dimensional warehouse andbungalows, due to the 3 d warehouse and bungalowsbuilt in the same laboratory, laboratory area of about150 square meters. As stereoscopic warehouse is
  3. 3. Yanhong QIN, Guixiao XU / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications(IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.comVol. 3, Issue 3, May-Jun 2013, pp.1306-13101308 | P a g ehigh investment, investment of automationstereoscopic warehouse in more than 3 million, sothe school only purchase a roadway type automaticstacking machine, two rows of shelves, a sortingmouth, a computer, two automatic conveyor belt,and involved in three-dimensional storageexperiment courses, the students can only visit, orwatch the teacher the whole pickup operation,storage, delivery process, to a certain extent, limitthe part or all of the students fully understand asbasic logistics functions - warehousing facilitie.(2) Insufficient experiment equipment using, toomuch idle time. Logistics laboratory basicmanagement department were not open to thepublic, mainly for the use of the college logisticsmanagement professional students experiment, andlogistics management professional course mainlyincludes: transportation economics, logistics andwarehouse management, inventory control andmanagement, the third party logistics, distributioncenter planning, multimodal transport, projectprocurement and management, etc., of which only afew course experiment involved, therefore, thelogistics laboratory hardware equipment, especiallyequipment often idle. Such as warehouse laboratorya semester may visit a few times, and for logisticssand table laboratory is used less.(3) The experiment item is too little, such asprocessing and related experiments. Currentexperimental project mainly including inventoryoptimization, distribution center operationssimulation, shipping route optimization, electroniclabel chosen, RFID, simulation, automaticstereoscopic warehouse access view, etc. In addition,many emerging high value-added logisticsoperations such as circulation processing, logistics,finance, warehouse receipt pledge business is moreand more become the main profitable business oflogistics enterprises. Such as circulation processingbusiness is more and more become an importantbusiness distribution and warehousing enterprises orlink, thus reduce logistics cost, improve logisticsefficiency, but in the existing logistics laboratory,havent this important logistics homework should bebrought into the logistics laboratory.(4) Lack of logistics lab manual, a single courseexamination way. Because many students in theprocess of logistics experiment teaching cant verygood for a limited time effectively absorb andmaster of experiment content, therefore, shouldprepare logistics lab manual, so that the students caneffectively use logistics experiment under the lessonguide to master and consolidate the content of theexperiment. Experimental course examination ingeneral is mainly based on students to submit thetest report, but I found, in the process of teachingstudents to submit the test report done especially inthe form of personal experiment report exist thephenomenon of plagiarism.(5) The lack of logistics experimental teachingevaluation. This is an important link in logisticsexperimental curriculum, and teachers organizationand the important content of teaching practice.Through quantitative evaluation on the students ofexperiment teaching, experiment, examination, alsoincluding process evaluation, and analyzes theevaluation results, to find the right logisticsevaluation measures and operation basis for thedevelopment of curriculum, experiment andanalyzes the evaluation results, so that to improvethe logistics experiment course. Now schools lack ofexperimental teaching evaluation system oflogistics, stay on the students after the experiment ina laboratory reports, experiment evaluation as thebasis.IV. IMPROVE LOGISTICS EXPERIMENTALTEACHING TO IMPROVE STUDENTSPRACTICAL INNOVATION ABILITYCOUNTERMEASURE(1) Increasing logistics simulation software, and toparticipate in intercollegiate resources sharing.Owing to lack of experimental equipment of singleunits, especially the stereoscopic warehouse, andwarehouses investment is too high, running cost isalso high, such as the automation stereoscopicwarehouse running for an hour, the powerconsumption to tens of thousands of, if want tochange a easy wear parts, still have hundreds ofyuan, even hundreds of yuan, these high costs areoften turned off school and leadership. But the costof computers and software are much lower, so theschool can take main investment to build logisticslogistics simulation software simulation platform topurchase more computers and related software.Through the logistics simulation software, let thestudent to study the logistics business process andthe method and principle of logistics management.Through software simulation in logistics process isto let the students play different roles, such assuppliers, manufacturers, retailers, the shipper, thecarrier, the third party logistics, etc., so as to let thestudent to the color of the decision-making,operation and running, let them in the logisticssoftware simulation of all kinds of logisticsprocesses such as supply, procurement, production,warehousing, transportation, distribution and sales,and fully understand and know. In addition, can alsoto participate in intercollegiate resources sharing,chongqing have a lot of vocational and technicalcollege has more complete, more number ofhardware facilities, such as chongqing cityvocational college of management, the electronicengineering vocational college, etc., they have astrong logistics experimental base of software andhardware, and can satisfy the need of students morelogistics experiment.
  4. 4. Yanhong QIN, Guixiao XU / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications(IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.comVol. 3, Issue 3, May-Jun 2013, pp.1306-13101309 | P a g e(2) The increased openness to experiment, improveequipment utilization. To carry out the open practiceteaching, share resources and make full use oflogistics laboratory. Open practice teaching makesthe students no longer subject to arrangements,laboratory schedules and the limitation of theexperimental project arrangement, completelyaccording to their interests and the needs of thedevelopment of learning designed experiment,experiment independently. Experiment content froma single lab assignments into creative practice,comprehensive experimental form is varied, theresults more practical and attractive. Hard softwaredevice makes the laboratory opening experimentalteaching through various channels, such as freetime, such as network open work, improvedutilization of laboratory resources, but also greatlyimprove the students ability to analyze and solveproblems. In addition, can also be innovativeexperiment such as logistics laboratory is used todesign contest. Launched by Chongqing JiaotongUniversity logistics association, for example, toundertake and support under the auspices of thecimc logistics co., LTD. Chongqing named "cimccup" contest of design of logistics has beensuccessfully held five sessions. All the design casesare generally tied to the side of real practicalbusiness problems faced by logistics enterprises asthe research case, and then the students through theanalysis of the problems existing in the case,personally, practical investigations to understandrelevant link of logistics equipment and logistics andthe present situation of logistics enterprise, andconnecting with the basic knowledge of what theylearn various and logistics professional knowledgeto analyze the problems facing, and puts forward thesolution. In the process of problem solving, can letthem to use logistics laboratory hardware softwaresimulate real logistics link, thus better pointed outthe advantages and the deficiencies of the design aswell as the need to improve place, so that we candevelop the students self study, self study ability,and can cultivate the students heuristic scientificway of thinking, arouse their learning initiative andcreativity.(3) To understand enterprise actual demand,increasing the experimental project. At this stage,due to the business risk of the enterprise is very big,most companies dont want to let students participatein the actual logistics operation and managementprocess, lead to students at the graduation practicestage, and all kinds of professional practice class,just stay on the visit, the status of facilities, ability tounderstand the workings of the logistics each link,all kinds of facilities of usage, and cant participatein the actual management of the logistics activity.So can arrange part of the teacher and the enterpriseto fully communicate and understand the actuallogistics demand of enterprises, develop someconforms to the enterprise requirements ofexperiment item, lets the student at the scene of theexperiment simulation of logistics management playa certain role, so that students can gain actualengagement, make basic theory, basic methods theylearned in class and the professional basic skills getfull inspection and use, improve the quality andability of comprehensive use.(4) Logistics lab manual shall be prepared andenrich curriculum appraisal way. Let everyone knowin advance before experiment teaching experimentsabout content and refer to the related knowledge andoperation, require students to experiment accordingto the logistics guide, hand in your report previewthe report content should be related to thisexperiment, the form can be varied. Drawexperiment charts to be used in advance, forexample, this experiment may encounter difficulties,the experiment teachers help only asked to solveproblems and so on. As a teacher in the lab forexplaining the operation of the detailed principlesand steps, students also can undertake relevantoperating at the same time, due to prior to collectrelated experimental data and related thinking, theycan from the fully interactive and experimentalteachers, change students passive learning status, tomake the students taught by mechanical simulationof the teacher in the experiment to positive thinkingand operation steps, exercise students "brain" and"hands-on", increase the interest in learning,improve the learning efficiency. In addition, shouldenrich experiment course examination way, such asexperiment object not only contains the experimentreport grades, should also include the experimentpreview report data, experiment preparation,experiment operation process of experimentalproject of positive performance and innovation asthe basis of test scores.(5) The experimental teaching evaluation should payattention to logistics. General logistics educationassessment is to evaluate the teachers classroomeducation, such as network assessment, to improvethe education of the teachers teaching methods. Inlogistics experiment link lack of logisticsexperimental teaching evaluation, teachers also lackof logistics experiment effect evaluation forstudents. Therefore, we should increase the logisticslink of experiment teaching of teachers evaluation toimprove logistics experiment teaching method, itshould also increase the students experimentprocess evaluation, such as the degree of positivestudents to participate in the experiment, the extentof the collected data before experiment, experimentplan in the design and improvement of experimentschemes through the experiment, so as to activelyencourage students to think for preparationexperiment, data collection, design, architecture,experiment steps, improve the efficiency of their
  5. 5. Yanhong QIN, Guixiao XU / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications(IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.comVol. 3, Issue 3, May-Jun 2013, pp.1306-13101310 | P a g eparticipation and experiment study, to betterpromote the students to grow up.V. CONCLUSIONBased on the distribution and warehousingmanagement experiment course as a case study howto develop logistics professional students practicalability to innovate, in the chongqing trafficuniversity logistics laboratory based on the analysisof the problems, study how to without a massiveincrease in the experimental equipment and the coston the basis of meet the requirements of the studentsat the same time to carry out the experiment of theNumbers, and the existing laboratory introducedsome practical and simple circulation processingwork experiment project. Then prepare the logisticsexperiment guide so that the students can effectivelyuse logistics experiment under the lesson guide tomaster and consolidate the content of the experimentand hand in trying to let the students to preview thereport so that they know in advance beforeexperiment teaching experiments about content andrefer to the related knowledge and operation.Finally, the experiment assessment link withstudents submit experiment preview reports andpositive performance in the process of experimentoperation and interaction as the basis of experimentscore to enrich experiment course examination way.Strive to strengthen training students ability ofcombining theory with practice, in order to improvethe students practical ability and innovative ability.ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSThis research was partialy supported by theexperimental teaching reform fund of ChongqingJiaotong University, and the grant number isSYJ201116.REFERENCES[1] H. Tan, Vigorously carry out cooperativeeducation, and actively explore theapplication of personnel training. ChinasHigher Education Research, July, (2008)[2] Z. X. Luo, Both theory and engineeringpractice to cultivate creative talents.Experimental Technology andManagement, vol.23, February, (2006).[3] Y. Zhang, Develop students’ creative andpractical ability of the experimentalteaching model . Electrical & ElectronicEducation, July, (2008).[4] J. Cheng, J. Liu, Carried out trafficmanagement professional practicalteaching according to grass-roots demands.Yunnan Landscape Institute, January,(2007)[5] Y.Q. Cui, Discussion on VocationalLogistics Management Mechanism ofpractical teaching system. Journal of ValueEngineering, 2010 (28).[6] Z.Q. Zhang, The Research on VocationalTaining of Professional Logistics.Vocational Education, 2010 (6)