Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar / International Journal of Engineering Research and                   Applications (IJE...
Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar / International Journal of Engineering Research and                   Applications (IJE...
Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar / International Journal of Engineering Research and                   Applications (IJE...
Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar / International Journal of Engineering Research and                   Applications (IJE...
Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar / International Journal of Engineering Research and                   Applications (IJE...
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  1. 1. Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 3, Issue 1, January -February 2013, pp.1446-1450 Intelligent Home Monitoring System Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar Department of Electronics &telecommunication, SKNCOE Department of Electronics &telecommunication, SKNCOEABSTRACT Intelligent home system is the use of expected. Smart Home Systems are also known asadvanced computer technology, network “Computer Homes”, “Electronic Houses”,communication technology and automatic control “Intelligent Homes”,technology, which combines the relevantsubsystem into a whole control system concluding “Interactive Homes”, “Home Informatics”the family communication, family equipment and “Home Telematics”.In early days, people wantautomatic control, family safety precautions. A to know family condition at any place, whats more,sample house environment monitor and control when their home come problem, they will soonsystem that is one branch of the Smart home is receive relevant information, so that remoteaddressed in this paper. The system is based on monitoring becomes a very important function forthe Lab VIEW software and can act as a security smart home system. But use wire transmission wayguard of the home. The system can monitor the cant satisfy peoples need for remote monitoring,temperature, humidity, lighting, fire & burglar however, using LabVIEW software communicationalarm, gas density of the house and have infrared is able to overcome the disadvantages of wiresensor to guarantees the family security. The transmission, can get rid of geographical constraints,system also has internet connection to monitor thus realize data transmitted over a long distance.and control the house equipment’s from This paper presents the LABVIEWanywhere in the world. This seminar presents the software based smart house system which controlhardware implementation of a multiplatform the internal lighting, external lighting, fire alarm,control system for house automation using burglar alarm, and temperature Systems in theLabVIEW. Such system is named smart house house. LABVIEW is a development system forsystems. The approach combines hardware and industrial, experimental, and educationalsoftware technologies. measurement and automation applications based on graphical programming, in contrast to textualKeywords - Smart House, LabVIEW, programming-however, textual programming isPIC16F877A, Data Acquisition Card, Remote supported in Lab VIEW. LAB VIEW has a largeControl. number of functions for numerical analysis and design and visualization of data. Smart houseI. INTRODUCTION controlled by Lab VIEW that controls main system. Smart home system is the use of advanced The main system consists of five parts; these fivecomputer technology, network communication parts are connected to Lab VIEW software as thetechnology and automatic control technology, which main controller for these systems. The firstcombines the relevant subsystem into a whole subsystem in smart house project is security systemscontrol system concluding the family that include fire alarm system used in announcingcommunication, family equipment automatic the outbreak of a fire and work to extinguish thecontrol, family safety precautions. As development fire, and burglar alarm system that signals theof the electronic technology and communication occurrence of a burglary. The second subsystem istechnology, people have the high requirements for lighting system that include the internal lighting ofdaily life and work, the smart home is more and the house, and the ceil lighting outside the house.more widely applied. Smart House is not a new term The third subsystem is remote control system forfor science society but is still far more away from house controlling. The fourth subsystem ispeople’s vision and audition. We can easily control temperature system for air conditioner controlling.home’s mechanical systems and appliances over The fifth subsystem is Main house power switchingyour cellular phone or Internet, and the lighting in system to switch the power supply for all rooms inyour home can be set to save your money when you the house.leave the room. The Internet provides even moreincredible access to information and services. We II. LITERATURE REVIEWbelieve that the Internet will become the next We can easily control home’s mechanicalessential utility in the home. Similar to the use of systems and appliances over your cellular phone orwater, electricity and gas, the Internet will become Internet, and the lighting in your home can be set tocommon and save your money when you leave the room. The 1446 | P a g e
  2. 2. Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 3, Issue 1, January -February 2013, pp.1446-1450Internet provides even more incredible access to discusses technique earlier in literature for smartinformation and services. We believe that the home system using LabVIEW.Internet will become the next essential utility in thehome. Lots of advanced techniques have been III. DESIGNproposed for smart home system. The different The smart house has two interfaces,technologies that could provide for smart home computer interfacing, and remote control unitcommunication are X10, Insteon, Zigbee and Z- interfacing. Computer device that provided with LabWave. X10, developed in 1975 by Pico Electronics VIEW software is the main controller unit for allof Glenrothes, Scotland, allows compatible products systems in the house. It receives data from houseto talk to each other remotely over the already sensors, process information and updates data forexisting electrical wires of a home. The first "home the difference systems, and transmit controllingcomputer" was an experimental system in 1966. The signal to house systems and switching outputSmart House Project was initiated in the early devices. Lab VIEW makes the ability to monitor the1980’s as a project of the National Research Centre important operations in the system to the users inof the National Association of Home Builders order to be informed of the changes in the system.(NAHB) with the cooperation of a collection of Users can also control the difference systemsmajor industrial partners. There have been several abilities, and chose the best system that required. Insmart home projects undertaken by individuals over addition to Lab VIEW interface for the smart house,the last few years. The most popular of these has remote control interfacing is available to controlbeen Microsoft founder Bill Gates’ residence on some applications in the house, and it is connectedMercer Island east of Seattle. The European Lab VIEW software for other applications. Fig 1Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) has shows the block diagram of the smart housedivided M2M intelligent home systems into three designed. Smart House consists of two type ofparts including area networks, communication controlling systems, which enable the user to controlnetworks and applications. Fig 1. Shows an area and monitor each system. It create database filesnetwork is composed of data end points, which are which can store each orders in smart house, and canusually sensors, compact microprocessors, be scheduler the start and end times for each systemsubscriber identification module (SIM) cards and in house.smart meters. Sensor data (usually an alert) is sent tomicroprocessors via communication circuit.Microprocessors then deliver these alerts to a radiomodule, which converts the instructions into packetsand sends them over the communication network[4]. Figure 2 Smart House Block Diagram The electrical devices are connected to LabVIEW software as the main controller for theseFigure 1 . ETSI M2M Network Architecture systems. The purpose of data acquisition is to measure an electrical or physical phenomenon such The Telecommunications Industries voltage, temperature, current, pressure and sound.Association (TIA), has established the working PC-based data acquisition uses a combination ofgroup TR 50 for Smart Device Communication modular hardware, application software, and a(SDC). The European Alliance (ESNA) and computer to take measurements. The Lab VIEWNational Institute of Standards and Technology software will control the internal lighting, external(NIST) are other organizations which are specifying lighting, fire alarm, burglar alarm, and in the house.standards for M2M.This section of the paper LABVIEW (short for Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Engineering Workbench) is easy 1447 | P a g e
  3. 3. Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 3, Issue 1, January -February 2013, pp.1446-1450platform and development environment for a visual to create small applications. This is a benefit on oneprogramming language from National Instruments. side but there is also a certain danger ofPIR motion sensor is use to detect the internal underestimating the expertise needed for goodlighting system of house. The LM35 has an quality programming. Fig.2 shows LabVIEW basedadvantage over linear temperature sensors calibrated control intelligent home system.in ° Kelvin, so LM35 is use for heat detector andLDR (light dependent resistor) is use for smokedetector. Remote control is one of two interfacingdevice used in smart house application. The remotecontrol is used to make some operation in thesystem by connection with LabVIEW software. it isused to control and to switches the load in everyroom in the house using the room unit receiver inevery room.IV. HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE Here Software LabVIEW and HardwareDAQ unit and ARM7 is used to communicate eachother.1. LABVIEW Lab VIEW (short for Laboratory VirtualInstrumentation Engineering Workbench) is aplatform and development environment for a visual Figure 3. Lab VIEW Control of Smart Houseprogramming language from National Instruments.Originally released for the Apple Macintosh in1986, Lab VIEW is commonly used for dataacquisition, instrument control, and industrialautomation on a variety of platforms includingMicrosoft Windows, various flavours of UNIX,Linux, and Mac OS. The programming languageused in Lab VIEW, is a dataflow language.Execution is determined by the structure of agraphical block diagram. LABVIEW is adevelopment system for industrial, experimental,and educational measurement and automationapplications based on graphical program in contrastto textual programming -however, textual Figure 4 LabVIEW Program, Login Monitorprogramming is supported in LABVIEW. LAB ScreenVIEW now has several toolkits and modules whichbrings the LABVIEW to the same level of Lab VIEW Support for thousands offunctionality as MATLAB and Simulink in analysis hardware devices, including: Scientific instruments,and design in the areas of control, signal processing, Data acquisition devices, Sensors, Cameras, Motorssystem identification, mathematics, and simulation. and actuators, Familiar programming model for allLab VIEW ties the creation of user interfaces (called hardware devices, Portable code that supportsfront panels) into the development cycle. Lab VIEW several deployment targets Lab VIEW makes theprograms/subroutines are called virtual instruments process of integrating hardware much easier by(VIs). Each VI has three components: using a consistent programming approach no matter Block diagram what hardware you are using[7]. The system also is Connector pane connected to the internet to monitor and control the Front panel house equipment’s from anywhere in the world However, the front panel can also serve as using Lab VIEW. Monitor screen is designed usinga programmatic interface. This implies each VI can LabVIEW allows monitoring to all parts of smartbe easily tested before being embedded as a house system that connected with LabVIEW viasubroutine into a larger program The graphical Data Acquisition Card. It has two login; one forapproach also allows non-programmers to build monitor access and the other for setting access asprograms by simply dragging and dropping virtual shown in Figure 4.representations of the lab equipment with whichthey are already familiar. The Lab VIEWprogramming environment, with the includedexamples and the documentation, makes it simpler 1448 | P a g e
  4. 4. Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 3, Issue 1, January -February 2013, pp.1446-14502. EMBEDDED ARM7 PROCESSOR MODULE Embedded ARM7 module containsfeatures like Processor – NXP ARM7 LPC2378,72MHz core speed maximum, Internal High-speedFlash:512Kbytes, SRAM:32Kbytes, 16KbyteEthernet SRAM, On board 512Kbit EEPROM,General purpose 2.54, Plug-in style enables modularproduct design,SPI, I2C, UART, Ethernet, CAN andGPIO lines available on pin-headers ,RTC withBattery Backup, Onboard RS232 driver interfacelines available on pin-headers, MicroSD connectorto handle up to 2Gbyte, Mini-USB Connector forUSB2.0 device interface and optional 5volts powersupply input for the CPU module, JTAG interfaceand SAM-BA ISP programming pins on pin-headers. Figure 5. Initializing DAQ Process The first step to using the DAQ is to instruct the operating system to communicate with it.o do this use the Measurement and Automation Explorer (MAX) MAX can be opened from LabVIEW by selecting Tools >> Measurement & Automation Explorer. Plug in the USB 6008 to the computer USB port.Open up the Measurement & Automation Explorer (MAX).Once MAX has opened, expand the Devices and Interfaces folder. After this, expand the Ni-DAQmx devices folder.Figure 4. Embedded ARM7 module Note under the NI-DAQmx Devices the NI USB- 6008: “Dev 1”3. DAQ UNIT DAQ is act as interfacing between V. CONCLUSIONcomputer and outside world i.e between LabVIEW Smart home can bring intelligent feelingssoftware and electrical appliances. It is used to for Peoples Daily life, Smart home applications willmeasure an electrical or physical phenomenon such be more and more widely. In the future, Smart homeas voltage, current, temperature,pressure or sound. will have more rich content, but not limited to thePC based daq uses a combination of modular home appliances and the home environment control.hardware, application software and computer to take The diversified smart home of The Internet of thingsmeasurement.DAQ is process of acquiring signal will become the trend of smart home.The mainfrom real world, digitizing the signal, analyze and objective of this paper is to design and implement apresenting data. While selecting DAQ unit control and monitor system for smart house. Smartdetermine the physical properties that need to be house system consists of many systems thatmeasured now and in the future, Select transducers, controlled by LabVIEW software as the mainDetermine if any signal conditioning is required, the controlling system in this paper. Also, the smartallowable analog-to-digital conversion error, the house system was supported by remote controlsample rate required to accurately capture the system as a sub controlling system. The system alsophysical properties, Choose the DAQ device that is connected to the internet to monitor and controlwill meet the requirements.fig 5 shows the the house equipment’s from anywhere in the worldinitializing procedure in LabVIEW window. using LabVIEW. REFERENCES Examples follow: Journal Papers: [1] XiangYang, Hui-hong Wang,”The Design and Implementation of Embedded M2M Smart Home System”,IEEE ,Nov 2011. [2] Rosslin John Robles1 and Tai-hoon Kim,” Applications, Systems and Methods in Smart Home Technology: A Review”, 1449 | P a g e
  5. 5. Chetana Sarode, Prof.Mr.H.S.Thakar / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 3, Issue 1, January -February 2013, pp.1446-1450 International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology Vol. 15, February, 2010. [3] Suman Pandey, Mi-Jung Choi, Myung- Sup Kim, and James W. Hong, “Towards Management of Machine to Machine Networks”, Computer Science, 2010. [4] Dr. Basil Hamed , “The Design and Implementation of Smart House Control Using Lab VIEW”, International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering(IJSCE)ISSN: 2231-2307, Volume-1, Issue-6, January 2012. [5] Dusit Niyato, Lu Xiao, and Ping Wang, “Machine-to-Machine Communications For Home Energy Management System in Smart Grid,” School of Computer Engineering. [6] DAQ using LabVIEW manual. [7] http://www.prodigyelectronics.com/produc ts/embedded-modules/embedded-arm7/.First name-Ms. Chetana Sarode, ME, S.K.N.C.O.E.Pune.Second name- Prof. Mr. H. S. Thakar, ME,S.K.N.C.O.E Pune. 1450 | P a g e

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