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  • 1. V e n k a t e s h K , J e b a s i n g h I n b a m a n i D / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 4, July-August 2012, pp.371-374 The Remote Intelligent Automatic Error Detection in Power Grid with Sms Alert System Using GSM V e n ka t e s h K a , J e b a s i ng h I nb a m a ni D b Department Of Information Technology and Engineering a Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India Department Of Information Technology and Engineering b Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India ABSTRACT Recently the Power Grid companies are is an important part of the AEI system. Thetrying to adopt the electronic measurement of energy communication system should be accurate, reliableconsumption data because of reduced manufacturing and cost effective. To evaluate the type ofcost, improved measurement accuracy, increased communications network needed to carry faulttimely information, and miniature size. In this paper detection data, it is necessary to review the type ofwith the help of a communication network, an customer infrastructures that could be interfaced toimproved error detection solution is developed, where such a network. As for the automation of the powerautomating the progression of measurement through distribution system, its development and practicaldigital wireless communication technique is adopted application have become an urgent task to achieveto get the above benefits along with smooth control. efficient operation of equipment and high reliabilityOur sensor system which calculates the errors for increasingly complex and expanding distributionpresented in the power grid. This data is fed to a systems.remote computer server through the wireless Gsmnetwork that represents the concept of distant wireless For successfully wireless data transmission,metering, practically involving no manpower. in system the GSM specification is utilized. There has been increased interest in the GSM standard recently.I. INTRODUCTION People prefer using this standard network among different wireless protocol for diversified applications. Automatic Error Identification (AEI) is In An agent-based wireless local positioning systempopular because of its remote nature of data with GSM technology is proposed, mainly for factorycollection. There are different technologies being used level applications. A cost effective GSM-basedto capture and transfer data remotely, but the wireless mine supervising system is used with early-accuracy, speed, efficiency, reliability and cost warning intelligence on methane, temperature, andeffectiveness are the usual benefits that should be humidity in mining area. So GSM specifications areproperly achieved using this system. AEI is defined in incorporated by many manufacturers in their deviceas the communication link, complete from the meter design. In the work presented here a GSM product isto the utility headquarters. The automatic Fault designed for the wireless transmission and receptionsniffing system employs distributed structure, consists of messages for the Power grid Operationsof measuring meters, sensors, intelligent terminals,management centre and wireless communication Objective of the Project.network. The error detection and the othermanagement processes are free from human errors. According to this error the sensor has beenThis system also gives many advantages over the placed in the windmill. If any error occurs means ittraditional error identification system such as the automatically sense that accurate faults and send thateradication of manual fault identification costs, particular error i.e. where it error occurs with plant idimproves customer services by reducing the to the service engineer mobile through SMS usingmaltreatment of data and replaces the difficulties like GSM.involvement of distance and accessibility ofmeasurement points. With the advancement of new Battery Low.modern computer technologies, chances for morewell-organized management of electric power Sense the battery level, if it’s low means itsdistribution are there. The increasing importance of intimates the status of the battery to the servicemore accurate energy measurement data and real-time engineer through SMS.access to that data is accelerating acceptance of thedigital metering technology. The data communication 371 | P a g e
  • 2. V e n k a t e s h K , J e b a s i n g h I n b a m a n i D / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 4, July-August 2012, pp.371-374Oil Leakage / Oil Low. discourse of the temperature is converted into 0 to 5 volts. Therefore it is necessary that the analog data be If oil leakage and also the Oil Level Low converted suitably into the digital form being fed intomeans its intimates the status to the service engineer the computer. The function of ADC is to convert thethrough SMS analog voltage that varies from 0 to 5 volts into a digital data varying from 00 to FF.Speed monitoring. The speed has been calculated. The speedranges i.e. the Rotate per Minute (RPM) value 1200/minute according to the formula value. According toour naked eye the rotation i.e. is RPM 20/minute. Ifspeed should be varied it should sense and intimates Transduc Optoto the service engineer through SMS. er Instrume AD Coupler ntation CTemperature Sensing. on AMP Final Driver The temperature has been sensed. If the PC Controltemperature should apt for working condition, but the Elementwindmill does not work means it’s should sense and Mobileintimates to the service engineer through Sms Fig 1: System ArchitectureII. DESCRIPTION OF THE SCHEME The whole system developed can be divided Optocouplerinto three sections. First is a hardware based chipsetsolution of energy meter that measures real-time A led and photo transistor are mounted in aactive power from any power grid system [fig-1]. single light excluding package. It is known asSecond part is the data transmission, where a number Optocoupler circuit. In an electronic device designedof fault detection can be transferred through a wireless to transfer electrical signals by utilizing light waves toGSM based network to a remote server. The third part provide coupling with electrical isolation between itsis the improved data management system based on input and output". The main purpose of an Opto-user friendly software with two separate access isolator is "to prevent high voltages or rapidlysupport. changing voltages on one side of the circuit from damaging components or distorting transmissions onTransducers the other side The function of a transducer is to convert Isolatorsignal from one form to another usually from non-electrical form into the electrical form. In our thesis It is a mechanical switching device capable ofwe have to convert speed and temperature into making carrying and breaking electric current underelectrical signals normal circuit conditions including operating overload conditions.Instrumentation on amplifier III. WIRELESS TRANSMISSION The different amplifier turns out to be rather THROUGH GSM NETWORKlimited in its performance because of the low inputimpedance of ( r2+ r1) to improve this two The Global System for Mobilebootstrapped buffer amplifiers are commonly added, communication (GSM) is a huge, rapidly expandingwhich in the simple instrumentation amplifier. and successful technology. Less than five years ago, there were a small number of companies working onAnalog to Digital Converter GSM. Each of these companies had a few GSM experts who brought knowledge back from the Physical parameters captured from European Telecommunications Standards Institutetransducers are first translated into corresponding DC committees designing the GSM specification.voltages varying from 0 to 5volts. If temper changes Currently, there are hundreds of companies workingfrom 0 to 100 degree Celsius then the universe of on GSM and thousands of GSM experts. 372 | P a g e
  • 3. V e n k a t e s h K , J e b a s i n g h I n b a m a n i D / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 4, July-August 2012, pp.371-374 thought of as a mini hard disk that automatically The GSM network can be divided into three activates the phone into which it is insertedbroad parts. The Mobile Station is carried by thesubscriber; the Base Station Subsystem controls the GSM Modem.radio link with the Mobile Station. The NetworkSubsystem, the main part of which is the Mobile A GSM modem is a specialized type ofservices Switching Center, performs the switching of modem which accepts a SIM card, and operates over acalls between the mobile and other fixed or mobile subscription to a mobile operator, just like a mobilenetwork users, as well as management of mobile phone. From the mobile operator perspective, a GSMservices, such as authentication. Not shown is the modem looks just like a mobile phone. A GSMOperations and Maintenance center, which oversees modem can be a dedicated modem device with athe proper operation and setup of the network. The serial, USB or Bluetooth connection, or it may be aMobile Station and the Base Station Subsystem mobile phone that provides GSM modem capabilitiescommunicate across the Um interface, also known asthe air interface or radio link. The Base StationSubsystem communicates with the Mobile service IV INTRODUCTION TO WIRELESSSwitching Center across the A interface. SENSOR NETWORKSMobile Station. Typically, a wireless sensor node (or simply sensor node) consists of sensing, computing, The mobile station (MS) consists of the communication, actuation, and power components.physical equipment, such as the radio transceiver, These components are integrated on a single ordisplay and digital signal processors, and a smart card multiple boards, and packaged in a few cubic inches.called the Subscriber Identity Module (SIM). The With state-of-the-art, low-power circuit andSIM provides personal mobility, so that the user can networking technologies. We integrated the varioushave access to all subscribed services irrespective of types of the sensor with this proposed system. The Oilboth the location of the terminal and the use of a level sensor, battery Level Sensor, Counter, LM35,specific terminal. By inserting the SIM card into and PIC16F87X has been adopted in this system. Itanother GSM cellular phone, the user is able to senses the error and intimate to the type of error withreceive calls at that phone, make calls from that plant Id to the concern service engineer.phone, or receive other subscribed services. Advantages of Proposed SystemBase Station Subsystem. In this work a wireless sensor The Base Station Subsystem is composed of communication system is developed. It helps totwo parts, the Base Transceiver Station (BTS) and the identify the fault occurrence in an accurate manner.Base Station Controller (BSC). These communicate With the help of the system the data communicationacross the specified A�bis interface, allowing (as in can be executed in exact time. It senses the operationsthe rest of the system) operation between components of the windmill, if any error occur means it will reactmade by different suppliers. for that particular error. If heavy storm occur means it The Base Transceiver Station houses the will stop the working process of the windmill,radio transceivers that define a cell and handles the Accurate Monitoring, Avoid Accidents, Continuous inradio�link protocols with the Mobile Station. In a process. Low cost. Secure Robustness.large urban area, there will potentially be a largenumber of BTSs deployed. The requirements for a V. CONCLUSIONBTS are ruggedness, reliability, portability, andminimum cost. The objective of developing a wireless energy fault identification system is not only to haveSIM. high accuracy over a wide current dynamic range, A SIM card or Subscriber Identity Module is better reliability and robustness. From this the systema portable memory chip used in some models of concluded as the Renewable energy are the mostcellular telephones. The SIM card makes it easy to efficient, powerful and ethical source for the universe.switch to a new phone by simply sliding the SIM out The Proposed system which helps as to maintainingof the old phone and into the new one. The SIM holds and developing the energy in the sufficient manner.personal identity information, cell phone number, We Pledge to make our BRIGHTFUL nation andphone book, text messages and other data. It can be universe with the support of RENEWABLE ENERGY 373 | P a g e
  • 4. V e n k a t e s h K , J e b a s i n g h I n b a m a n i D / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com Vol. 2, Issue 4, July-August 2012, pp.371-374REFERENCES[1] J. Holmes, D. Campbell, Communicating with [9] Tang Kanghua, Wu Meipin, Hu Xiaopin. Designdomestic electricity of MEMS IMU Aided High-performance GPSmeters, Schlumberger Industries UK,129-133. Receiver, ACTA GEODAETICA ET CARTOGRAPHICA SINICA.[2] L. Cao, J. Tian, D. Zhang, Networked RemoteMeter-Reading System [10] D. Koenig, M.S. Chiaramonte, A.Balbinot,Based on Wireless Communication Technology, Wireless Network for Measurement of Whole-BodyProceedings IEEE Vibration, Sensors 8, 2008, 3067-81.International Conference on Information Acquisition,China, 2006, 172-176. [11] S.C.Ergen, GSM/IEEE 802.15.4 Summary, 2004,www.citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download.[3] T.Maity, S.Das, B.Datta, A PC based IntelligentWireless Energy [12] J. Lee, Y. Su, C. Shen, A Comparative StudyMetering and Online Billing Solution for Domestic of Wireless Protocols: Bluetooth, UWB, ZigBee, andConsumers, The Wi-Fi, Proceedings the 33rd Annual Conference ofInstitution of Engineers (India) Journal (ET), 89, the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Taiwan,2009, 8-12. 2007, 46-51.[4] J. Holmes, D. Campbell, Communicating withdomestic electricity meters, Schlumberger IndustriesUK,129-133.[5] L. Cao, J. Tian, D. Zhang, Networked RemoteError Identification System Based on WirelessCommunication Technology, Proceedings IEEEInternational Conference on Information Acquisition,China, 2006, 172-176.[6] J. Newbury, W. Miller, Multiprotocol Routing forAutomatic Error Identificaton Using Power LineCarrier Systems, IEEE Power Delivery, 16(14),2001,1-4.[7] Cetin Mekik Murat Arslanoglu.Investigation onAccuracies of Real Time Kinematic GPS for GISApplications. Remote Sensing .2009[8] He Jie, Huang Xianlin, Wang Guofeng. Designand application of single-antenna GPS/accelerometersattitude determination system. 374 | P a g e