This novel is a romantic workwritten in 1850The high point of his carrer and hismagnus opusIt Is set in a Puritan BostonThe main elements of the puritandoctrine are:• The strict conformity toreligious rules;
Born inSalem, Massachusetts, in 1804;Came from a Puritanfamily which hadplayed a prominentpart in New England’shistory;Had a calmchildhood, a littleisolated but far fromunhappy, especially
His stories are influenced byhis family;His works belong to darkromanticism;Many of his works are inspiredby Puritan New England;He uses depictions of thepast to express common themesof Sin, Guilt and retribution;
She’s the protagonist of the novel; She’s the mother of Pearl She must wear the scarlet letter ‘A’ on herbody as a punishment for the adulterous affairwith Arthur Dimmesdale; She is married to Roger Chillingworth; She cannot understand how her punishmentscould be so harsh; The governor orders to take away his daughter butshe says that she had only followed his heart; She decides that her marriage was not to besanctified, in the first place, for her husband hasthe seething rage of the devil himself; She’s paired with Dimmesdale upon the scaffold.
Minister in Boston;He must suffer theignominy since no oneknows of hisculpability whenHester is publiclyshamed for theadultery;Hester’s husbandChillingworth seeks todestroy Dimmesdale;He admits to be
Is Hester’s husband;He arrives in Boston when Hester ispublicly shamed for the adultery;He vows revenge on Dimmesdale, becauseheknows that he has committed adulterywith hiswife;The revenge is frustrated at the end ofthe novel, when Dimmesdale reveals that
She is Hester’s daughterShe is the living version ofthe Scarlet Letter;She causes her mother andDimmesdale torment;She has the ability to statethe truth and, at the sametime, deny it when it isnecessary;She’s extremely beautiful butlacking
Sin: The story of Hester Prynne andDimmesdale recalls the story of Adamand Eve. In both cases, sin results inexpulsion and suffering.The Nature of Evil: The true Evilarises from the close relationshipbetween hate and love. Evil is found inthe revenge of Chillingworth or inDimmesdale when he doesn’tacknowledge publicly his daughter.
The author was masterful in theuse of symbolisme;The letter ‘A’ is his most potentsymbol;For one interpretive pole the ‘A’stands for adultery, and sin and thenovel is the story of individualpunishment and reconciliation;For another pole it stands for
The structure is tight, with all ofthe events interrelated andskilfully integrated into logicalsequence;The style is precise, formal anddescriptive;The author combining historicalcharacters with fictional
Manzoni writes about theplague-spreaders who weretried because peoplethought they broughtplague;Hawthorne tells aboutHester, who stood trial foradultery.In both novels readers canfind some considerationsabout Evil.For Manzoni Evil can be wonwith God’s help.