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Oliver Twist

Oliver Twist



di Lavinia Loparco

di Lavinia Loparco



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    Oliver Twist Oliver Twist Presentation Transcript

    • Charles Dickens
    • • Oliver Twist; or, The Parish Boys Progress is thesecond novel by Charles DickensThis autor was born inPortsmouth, on thesouth coast ofEngland, in 1812.
    • London was the setting of most of hisnovels: he knew and described it inrealistic details.
    • The firsteditionwastitled:OliverTwist; or,TheParishBoysProgress.The book was originally published in Bentleys Miscellany as aserial. But in 1839 it was published in three volumes by RichardBentley.
    • The story deals with an orphan, Oliver Twist, whose life wastroubled since his birth.
    • The day of Olivers ninth birthday,Mr. Bumble, removes Oliver from the babyfarm and puts him in a workhouse .Life in the workhouse was terrible . . .…a lot of children died of hunger in fact they received onlya small portion of gruel for lunch . . .
    • A day, the desperately hungry boys decide to play a game; the loser can ask for another portion of gruel.We can imagine that it was the turn of the lucky Oliver Twist. . . . . . . . . .
    • Mr. Sowerberry takesOliver into his service.
    • In this period Oliver suffers torments in the handsof Noah ClaypoleOne day, Noah insults Olivers biological mother. Oliver gets angry andattacks and beats a boy. Then Mrs Sowerberry forces her husband to thrashOliver!
    • The little orphan decides to escapeand after seven days. . .
    • Oliver arrives in London
    • Here Oliver meets Jack Dawkins known asDodger, who offers him help . . .Dodger talks about an old gentlemanwho can give him boardand lodging for nothing !
    • Naively Oliver follows Mr. Dawkins in old gentleman’s residence. . .. . . In this way Oliverbecomes part of a gangof young criminals led by aninfamous Jewish known asFagin, the old “gentleman”of whom Dodger spoke
    • Later Oliver goes out with Dodger and CharleyBates, another thief, and he understands what isthe real job of Dodger and the other children .
    • As we can image finally Oliver becomes a bit luckierin factfor about a month Oliver is cared by Mr. Brownlow and Mrs. Bedwin with inexplicable love.
    • But at the same time Fagin decides that Oliver must go back . So he charges Bill Sikes, a brutalrobber, to abduct little orphan with Nancy, Bill Sikes’s lover.
    • Oliver’s bliss is interrupted in fact he is quickly broughtback to Fagin’s lair.
    • Nancy . . .It’s important to underline that Nancy issympathetic towards Oliver.
    • Fagin forces Oliver to participate in a burglary.
    • The plan fails.Luckily for him, Oliver is hurt.After being abandoned by Sikes, the wounded Oliver ends up under the care of thepeople he was supposed to rob : Miss Rose and her guardian Mrs. Maylie
    • But in this story there are a lot ofmysteries.
    • In fact Dickens talks about aman, whose name is Monks, whois determined to kill Oliver
    • Nancy talks with Oliver’s benefactorUnfortunately Bill Sikes discovers her secret
    • At the end of the book we discover. . .MONKSBILLSIKESFAGINROSEOLIVER
    • His real name is Edward Leeford , and he isOliver’s paternal half-brother. In fact Monkswas born from a loveless marriage and Oliver’smother, whose name is Agnese, was their father’strue love. Monks has spent many yearssearching for his fathers child not to be a friendof him, but to destroy him. Then Brownlow asksOliver to give half of his inheritance to Monksbecause he wants to give him a second chance; ofcourse Oliver agrees with the old gentleman andgives Monks his money. Monks then moves toAmerica, where he spends all his money, revertsto crime, and finally dies in prisonMONKS
    • FAGINANDBILL SIKESFagin is arrested andcondemned and Bill Sikes isassassinated by an angrycrowd.
    • There is a happier noteRose Maylie turns out to be asister of Agnes; so she is Oliversaunt. Oliver lives happily with Mr.Brownlow.