Child soldiers


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Child soldiers

  1. 1. Child Soldiers human rights presentation
  2. 2. Problem <ul><ul><li>There are many child soldiers that are being dragged into the war, and exploited as combats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forcible abductions, sometimes of large numbers of children, continue to occur in some countries. Children as young as 9 have been abducted and used in combat. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The children are usually under the age of 18 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately 250,000 children are thought to be fighting in conflicts around the world, and hundreds of thousands more are members of armed forces who could be sent into combat at any time. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Why children become soldiers? <ul><ul><li>Poverty and lack of access to educational or work opportunities are additional factors -  some kids are often promised an education or getting a job after </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Desire for power, status or social recognition.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family and peer pressure to join up for ideological or political reasons or to honor family tradition may also be motivating factors.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Girl soldiers have joined to escape  enforced marriage or get away from domestic violence, exploitation and abuse. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Where does it happen? <ul><ul><li>All around the world. Burundi, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Convo, Liberia, Myanmar, and uganda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The problem is most critical in Africa. Children are also used as soldiers in various Asian countries and in parts of Latin America, Europe and the Middle East. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Adressing the issue <ul><ul><li>All around the world people have been working to try to stop the process of child soldiers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Progress has been made in developing an international legal and policy framework for protecting children from involvement in armed conflict. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  An increasing number of governments have &quot;ratified&quot; or agreed to become legally bound by a series of international laws banning the use of child soldiers in armed conflict. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC), established in 1998, provides for the prosecution and punishment of those found guilty of recruiting children under the age of 15 for use in hostilities. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Un Organizations: that condemned the recruitment and use of child soldiers... <ul><ul><li>The UN General Assembly, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  The UN Commission on Human Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The African Union (formerly the Organization for African Unity) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Organization of American States  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Effects: (aspect of a child's development) *taking away their rights <ul><li>Children affected by armed conflict can be: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>injured or killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>taken from their homes and communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>internally displaced or refugees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>orphaned or separated from their parents and families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>subjected to sexual abuse and exploitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>victims of trauma as a result of being exposed to violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>deprived of education and recreation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>&quot;  One boy tried to escape, but he was caught. They made him eat a mouthful of red pepper, and five people were beating him. His hands were tied, and then they made us, the other new captives, kill him with a stick. I felt sick. I knew this boy from before. We were from the same village. I refused to kill him and they told me they would shoot me. They pointed a gun at me, so I had to do it. The boy was asking me, &quot;Why are you doing this?&quot; I said I had no choice. After we killed him, they made us smear his blood on our arms. I felt dizzy. There was another dead body nearby, and I could smell the body. I felt so sick. They said we had to do this so we would not fear death and so we would not try to escape.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>- shows how bad their experience was, this is from a 16 year old girl who became a child soldier  </li></ul>
  9. 9. Video <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  10. 10. What we can do... <ul><li>Red Hand Capaign: stop using child soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>The Red Hand Day’s symbol is a red hand which has been used all over the world by many organizations in order to say NO to child recruitment and the use of child soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>(white paper, paint, and put your &quot;red hand&quot; onto that piece of paper) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>* take a picture of the amount of hands  </li></ul><ul><li>and send it to the website to show support </li></ul>
  11. 11. End the  use of child  soldiers