Formulação de Subsídios para Elaboraçãode Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico doNúcleo Original de Desertificação deGilbués,estu...
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Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilb...
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Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.

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Considerado como um dos núcleos de Desertificação no Brasil como caracterizado pelo Plano de Ação Nacional-PAN Brasil e localizado no sul do Estado do Piauí, Gilbués é um município que possui uma população, de grande resiliência no convívio e de capacidade de adaptação as adversidade impostas pelos processos de desertifi cação. A região apresenta grande capacidade produtiva e que é evidenciada pela produção de commodities em grãos de grande importância para economia do País. Com o propósito de desenvolver os vários componentes relacionados aos temas Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico e desertificação, os dirigentes do Dnocs optaram por solicitar ao IICA o envolvimento direto na execução da atividade, no âmbito do Projeto de Cooperação Técnica “Apoio ao Fortalecimento da Capacidade Técnica, Institucional e Gerencial”, do Departamento Nacional de Obras contra a Seca.

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Formulação de subsídios para a elaboração do zoneamento ecológico - econômico do núcleo original de desertificação de Gilbués, estudo de caso dos municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre, no Estado do Piauí.

  1. 1. Formulação de Subsídios para Elaboraçãode Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico doNúcleo Original de Desertificação deGilbués,estudo de caso dos municípios deGilbués e Monte Alegre, Estado do PiauíFormulaçãodesubsídiosparaelaboraçãodezoneamentoecológico-econômicodonúcleooriginaldedesertificaçãodeGilbués,estudodecasodemunicípiosdeGilbuéseMonteAlegre,EstadodoPiauíSHIS QI 3, Lote A, bloco F, Centro Empresarial Terracota, 71605-450 - Brasília /DFfone: +55 (61) 2106.5477, fax: +55 (61) 2106.5459, email: iica.br@ica.intwww.iica.org.br
  2. 2. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu-6943(h²6 +, :):Ð+06: 7(9( ( ,3()69(h²6 +6A65,(4,5;6 ,*63Ô.0*6 ,*65Õ40*6 +6 5Ø*3,6690.05(3 +, +,:,9;0-0*(h²6 +, .03)i: ,:;+6 +,*(:6 +6: 450*Ð706: +, .03)i: , 465;, (3,.9, 56,:;(+6 +6 70(Ð
  3. 3. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu© Instituto Interamericano de Cooperação para a Agricultura (IICA) - 2010O IICA promove o uso justo deste material, pelo que se solicita sua respectivacitação. Esta pubicação também está disponível em formato eletrônico (PDF) nosítio Web institucional http://www.iica.org.brInstituto Interamericano de Cooperação para a AgriculturaCarlos Américo Basco - Representante do IICA no BrasilEquipe Técnica – IICAGertjan B. Beekman - Coordenação Técnica - IICAHeithel Souza Silva - Supervisor do PCT - Apoio ao Fortalecimento da Capacida-de Técnica, Institucional e Gerencial do DNOCS.Emanuel Gonçalves de Melo - Coordenador de Enlace do PCT - Apoio ao Forta-lecimento da Capacidade Técnica, Institucional e Gerencial do DNOCS.Juliano de Queiroz Souza - Responsável OperacionalMarcus Vinícius Batista de Souza - Responsável TécnicoRomélia Moreira de Souza - Responsável AdministrativoRenata Mendes Luna - ConsultoraParticipantesOrlando W. Pereira - Agroecologista do CEDAGROAfrânio Alves - ConsultorAutores do Banco de Dados GeográficosEdison Crepani - INPEJosé Simeão de Medeiros - INPEAlessandro Ferraz Palmeira - INPEEnio Fraga da Silva - EMBRAPABrasília, Brasil)RUPXODomR GH 6XEVtGLRV SDUD D (ODERUDomR GR =RQHDPHQWR (FROyJLFR (FRQ{PLFR GR 1~FOHR 2ULJLQDO GH HVHUWLÀFDomR GH *LOEXpV HVWXGR GH FDVR GRVPXQLFtSLRV GH *LOEXpV H 0RQWH DOHJUH QR HVWDGR GR 3LDXt ,,$ ² %UDVLOLD,,$ S FP ; FP,6%1 =RQHDPHQWR HFROyJLFRHFRQ{PLFR HVHUWLÀFDomR 5HFXUVRV QDWXUDLV RQVHUYDomR GRV UHFXUVRV HVHQYROYLPHQWR 5HJLRQDO, ,,$ ,, 7tWXOR$*5,6 (:((
  4. 4. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYuPresidência da RepúblicaLuiz Inácio Lula da SilvaMinistério do Meio AmbienteMinistro Carlos Minc BaumfeldSecretário Egon Krakhecke - Secretaria de Extrativismo e Desenvolvimento RuralMinistério da Integração NacionalMinistro Geddel Vieira LimaDepartamento Nacional de Obras Contra as Secas - DNOCSDiretor Geral Elias Fernandes NetoAgência Brasileira de Cooperação do Ministério das Relações ExterioresMinistro Marco FaraniProjeto de Cooperação Técnica (Projeto BRA/IICA/02/012) – Apoio ao For-talecimento da Capacidade Técnica, Institucional e Gerencial do DNOCS.Elias Fernandes Neto - Diretor Nacional do Projeto (DNOCS)José Alberto de Almeida - Coordenador da Instituição Nacional Executora (DNOCS)Raquel Cristina B. V. Pontes - Coordenadora Substituto da Instituição NacionalExecutora (DNOCS)Instituições ParceirasMinistério do Meio Ambiente - MMAMinistério da Integração Nacional - MIDepartamento Nacional de Obras Contra as Secas - DNOCSInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - FUNCATE/INPEGoverno do Estado do PiauíFundaçãoCearensedeMeteorologiaeRecursosHídricosdoEstadodoCeará-FUNCEMEUniversidade Federal do PiauíUniversidade Estadual do PiauíONG SOS GilbuésPrefeituras de Gilbués e Monte AlegreBanco do Nordeste - BNBNúcleo de Pesquisa de Recuperação de Áreas Degradadas em Gilbués - NUPERADEApoioJosé Carvalho Rufino (CEST/PI)Capa e diagramaçãoBrazuca PropagandaImpressãoEditora Gráfica Guarany Ltda.
  5. 5. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu-6943(h²6 +, :):Ð+06: 7(9( ( ,3()69(h²6+6 A65,(4,5;6 ,*63Ô.0*6 ,*65Õ40*6 +65Ø*3,6 690.05(3 +, +,:,9;0-0*(h²6 +, .03)i:,:;+6 +, *(:6 +6: 450*Ð706: +, .03)i: ,465;, (3,.9, 56 ,:;(+6 +6 70(ÐConsiderado como um dos núcleos de Desertificação no Brasilcomo caracterizado pelo Plano de Ação Nacional-PAN Brasil e lo-calizado no sul do Estado do Piauí, Gilbués é um município quepossui uma população, de grande resiliência no convívio e de ca-pacidade de adaptação as adversidade impostas pelos processos dedesertificação. A região apresenta grande capacidade produtiva e queé evidenciada pela produção de commodities em grãos de grandeimportância para economia do País.RP R SURSyVLWR GH GHVHQYROYHU RV YiULRV FRPSRQHQWHV UHODFLRQDGRV DRV WHPDV =RQHDPHQWR (FROyJLFR(FRQ{PLFR H GHVHUWLÀFDomR RV GLULJHQWHV GR QRFV RSWDUDP SRU VROLFLWDU DR ,,$ R HQYROYLPHQWR GLUHWR QD H[HFXomR GD DWLYLGDGH QR kPELWR GR 3URMHWRGH RRSHUDomR 7pFQLFD ´$SRLR DR )RUWDOHFLPHQWR GD DSDFLGDGH7pFQLFD ,QVWLWXFLRQDO H *HUHQFLDOµ GR HSDUWDPHQWR 1DFLRQDO GH2EUDV FRQWUD D 6HFD ² 126 yUJmR H[HFXWLYR GR 0LQLVWpULR GD,QWHJUDomR 1DFLRQDO
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  15. 15. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu:4Í906Apresentação...........................................................................................7Prefácio pelo IICA..................................................................................9Prefácio pelo DNOCS..........................................................................101. Introdução........................................................................................142. Reuniões Institucionais.....................................................................293. Discussões sobre os Fundamentos e Conceitos do ZEE.....................334. Procedimentos para a Implementação do ZEE..................................415. Ordenamento Territorial Ambiental..................................................456. Combate aos Efeitos da Desertificação e Convivência com a Seca........496.1 As Bases Ambientais e Socioeconômicas do ZEE.........................506.2 ZEE na Região de Gilbués e Monte Alegre..................................527. Os Planos de Informação - Funcate/INPE.........................................558. Banco de Dados Geográficos (BDG) de parte do Núcleo de Desetificaçãode Giulbués (Municípios de Gilbués e Monte Alegre do Piauí)..............618.1 Modelo de Imagem.....................................................................618.1.1 PI Imagens TM Landsat 5........................................................618.1.2 PI Imagens ETM Landsat 7.....................................................628.1.3 PI Imagens MSS Landsat 1......................................................638.1.4 PI GeoCover TM Landsat 5.....................................................648.1.5 PI GeoCover ETM+Landsat 7.................................................648.1.6 PI Imagens CBERS-2..............................................................658.1.7 PI Imagens SRTM_90.............................................................658.1.8 PI Imagens SRTM_14.............................................................668.1.9 PI Imagens combinadas SRTM_14/Geocover ETM+..............668.1.10 PI Cartas Topográficas 1: 100.000.........................................678.2 Planos de Informação da Categoria do Modelo Cadastral e do ModeloTemático...............................................................................................688.2.1 PI Limites Municipais..............................................................688.2.2 PI Geologia..............................................................................688.2.3 PI Geomorfologia....................................................................728.2.4 PI Solos....................................................................................758.2.5 PI Uso da Terra e Cobertura Vegetal.........................................788.2.6 PI Unidades de Paisagem..........................................................818.2.7 PI Hidrografia..........................................................................848.2.8 PI Áreas de Preservação Permanente..........................................878.2.9 PI Rodovias.............................................................................95
  16. 16. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu8.2.10 PI Sistemas Aquíferos Aflorantes............................................968.2.11 PI Aptidão Agrícola...............................................................998.2.12 PI Vulnerabilidade à Perda de Solo.......................................1038.2.12.1 Avaliação da Vulnerabilidade à Perda de Solo da Paisa-gem....................................................................................................1058.2.12.2 Mapa de Vulnerabilidade à Perda de Solo........................ 1208.2.13 PI Incompatibilidade Legal..................................................1278.2.14 PI Uso Indicado...................................................................1318.2.15 O PI Subsídio à Gestão Territorial........................................1388.2.16 PI Evolução do Processo de Degradação...............................1428.2.17 PI Mineração ......................................................................1468.3 Planos de Informação da Categoria do Modelo Numérico............1478.3.1 Modelo Numérico.................................................................1478.3.1.1 PI SRTM_90......................................................................1478.3.1.2 PI SRTM_14......................................................................1478.3.1.3 PI Altimetria.......................................................................1478.4 Modelo Objeto/Cadastral/Temático..............................................1508.4.1 PI Hidrogeologia...................................................................1508.4.2 PI Estações Pluviométricas.....................................................1578.4.3 PI Intensidade Pluviométrica.................................................1578.4.4 PI Precipitação Pluviométrica................................................1618.4.5 Reserva Legal.........................................................................1639. Conclusões.....................................................................................171Bibliografia.........................................................................................173Anexos.................................................................................................181
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  47. 47. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu6 7YVQL[V$ SUHVHQWH LQLFLDWLYD YLVD DOpP GH VXSULU DV GHPDQGDV VXSUDFLWDGDV FRQWHPSODU R IRUWDOHFLPHQWR LQVWLWXFLRQDO H D FDSDFLGDGH WpFQLFD LQVWDODGD HVWD IRUPD R HQIRTXH HVWDUi RULHQWDGR SDUD FULDUFRQGLo}HV IDYRUiYHLV DR XVR H PDQHMR GRV GDGRV H LQIRUPDo}HV HGRV LQVWUXPHQWRV GH JHRWHFQRORJLD D VHUHP DGRWDGRV SDUD RV HVWXGRV GR =((4XDQGR VH GLUHFLRQD R LQVWUXPHQWR =(( SDUD RV VLVWHPDV GHSODQHMDPHQWR HVWD DomR GHYH HVWDU DSRLDGD HP XPD EDVH GH GDGRVRUJDQL]DGD TXH IRUQHoD LQIRUPDo}HV LQWHJUDGDV VREUH R WHUULWyULRYLVDQGR R SODQHMDPHQWR HVWUDWpJLFR H VHWRULDO R TXH SRGHUi UHVXOWDUQD FULDomR GH XPD VpULH GH VXESURGXWRV GH LQWHUHVVH GR SUySULR126 FRPR WDPEpP GH RXWURV SRWHQFLDLV XVXiULRV LQVWLWXFLRQDLV RX XVXiULRV GLYHUVRV H S~EOLFR LQWHUHVVDGR(QWUH RXWUDV GHPDQGDV XP =(( SUHFRQL]D‡ 6XEVLGLDU D HODERUDomR GH SODQRV SURJUDPDV H SURMHWRV H SURSRU DOWHUQDWLYDV SDUD WRPDGD GH GHFLVmR VHJXQGR DV SUHPLVVDV GHFRQFLOLDomR GDV DWLYLGDGHV HFRQ{PLFDV FRP DV IXQo}HV H VHUYLoRVDPELHQWDLV‡ RQMXJDU RV HOHPHQWRV GH GLDJQyVWLFR ItVLFRELyWLFR H VRFLRHFRQ{PLFR SDUD HVWDEHOHFHU FHQiULRV H[SORUDWyULRV FRP R SURSyVLWR GH DSUHVHQWDU DOWHUQDWLYDV SDUD XP GHVHQYROYLPHQWR VyFLRDPELHQWDOPHQWH VXVWHQWiYHO‡ 3URPRYHU HVIRUoRV GH VLVWHPDWL]DomR GH GDGRV H LQIRUPDo}HVSDUD GDU VXSRUWH DR GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GR SUySULR =((‡ RQFHEHU H LPSOHPHQWDU IRUPDV GH GLYXOJDomR S~EOLFD GDV LQIRUPDo}HV XWLOL]DGDV QR SURFHVVR GR =((‡ ,GHQWLÀFDU RSRUWXQLGDGHV GH XVR GRV UHFXUVRV QDWXUDLV HVWDEHOHFHQGR RV SDUkPHWURV QHFHVViULRV SDUD VXD H[SORUDomR‡ ,GHQWLÀFDU H DQDOLVDU SUREOHPDV DPELHQWDLV WDLV FRPR iUHDV GHJUDGDGDV XVRV LQDGHTXDGRV GRV VRORV GDV iJXDV VXSHUÀFLDLV H
  48. 48. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYuVXEWHUUkQHDV H[SORUDomR LUUHJXODU GH UHFXUVRV DPELHQWDLV H GHVHQYROYLPHQWR XUEDQR GHVRUGHQDGR‡ 3URPRYHU R GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GH WpFQLFDV H LQVWUXPHQWRV QHFHVViULRV SDUD D HODERUDomR GR =((‡ ULDU PHFDQLVPRV GH VLVWHPDWL]DomR GDV LQIRUPDo}HV H[LVWHQWHV H JDUDQWLU VHX DPSOR DFHVVR GLYXOJDQGR DV Do}HV GR =(( QRVGLYHUVRV PHLRV GH FRPXQLFDomR GLVSRQtYHLV VHMDP DQDOyJLFRVGLJLWDLV PXOWLPtGLD RX LQWHUQHW‡ RQVWUXLU XP EDQFR GH GDGRV FRP IDFLOLGDGHV GH DUPD]HQDJHPRX UHFXSHUDomR GH YDULiYHLV TXH SHUPLWD R SURFHVVDPHQWR H FRQVHTXHQWH JHUDomR GH LQIRUPDo}HV TXH SRVVDP VHU XWLOL]DGRV SRUSURJUDPDV H SURMHWRV $ XWLOL]DomR GH EDVHV GH PHWDGDGRV PRGHORV H LQWHUIDFHV JHUHQFLDGRUDV GRV WLSRV GH VLVWHPDV JHRJUiÀFRV GHLQIRUPDomR p SUHFRQL]DGD FRPR SUiWLFD IXQGDPHQWDOLYHUVDV Do}HV YLVDQGR j DUWLFXODomR H LQWHUDomR LQVWLWXFLRQDOYrP VHQGR FRQGX]LGDV QRV ~OWLPRV WHPSRV QD EXVFD GH FRQVROLGDU HQWHQGLPHQWRV SDUFHULDV H VLQHUJLDV TXH SRGHUmR FRQWULEXLUVLJQLÀFDWLYDPHQWH SDUD D LPSOHPHQWDomR GD DWXDO LQLFLDWLYD GHFRQVWUXomR GR =(( GH *LOEXpV2 HQYROYLPHQWR GH RXWURV VHWRUHV TXH DJUHJXHP VLQHUJLDV HVWiFDUDFWHUL]DGR SHOD SDUWLFLSDomR GH 0LQLVWpULRV WDLV FRPR R 0LQLVWpULR GD ,QWHJUDomR 1DFLRQDO 0,
  49. 49. H yUJmRV H[HFXWRUHV QRFV RGHYDVI 0$3$ HQWUH RXWURV 3UHIHLWXUD ORFDO H GRV PXQLFtSLRV GRHQWRUQR DVVLP FRPR GH PHPEURV GR RQJUHVVR HVWDFDVH D SDUWLFLSDomR GD VRFLHGDGH FLYLO SRU PHLR GD 21* ORFDO 626 *LOEXpV$SUHVHQWDVH XPD GLDJUDPDomR DQH[D
  50. 50. GHVFULWLYD GRV VHJXLQWHV DVSHFWRV ´VLWXDomR DWXDOµ ´DWLYLGDGHV HP DQGDPHQWRµ µSDUFHULDVµ H ´VLWXDomR IXWXUDµ 2V HOHPHQWRV DSUHVHQWDGRV IRUDPREWLGRV SRU PHLR GH ´PLVV}HV GH LGHQWLÀFDomRµ UHDOL]DGDV QD UHJLmR H SRU PHLR GH UHXQL}HV WpFQLFDV HP LQVWkQFLDV GR *RYHUQRRUJDQLVPRV GH FRRSHUDomR RX 21*V TXH WrP SROtWLFDV RX Do}HVUHODFLRQDGRV DR WHPD
  51. 51. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu$V PLVV}HV REMHWLYDUDP D LGHQWLÀFDomR GH SRVVtYHLV Do}HV TXHSRVVDP VHU LPSOHPHQWDGDV H FRQGX]LGDV HP FRPXP H VXJHULU XPDSURJUDPDomR FRQMXQWD GDV GLYHUVDV iUHDV PLQLVWHULDLV 2 SURSyVLWRp FRPELQDU HVIRUoRV KXPDQRV H ÀQDQFHLURV TXH SRVVDP QR IXWXUR FRQWULEXLU FRP D SUHVHQWH LQLFLDWLYD6mR DSUHVHQWDGRV D VHJXLU RV SULQFLSDLV DVSHFWRV FRQWHPSODGRVGXUDQWH DV PLVV}HV GH LGHQWLÀFDomR H DYDOLDomR GD VLWXDomR H GDVSRVVtYHLV FDXVDV TXH FRQGLFLRQDUDP D GHJUDGDomR DPELHQWDO RXTXH UHVXOWDUDP HP SURFHVVRV GH GHVHUWLÀFDomR‡ 9LVLWD GH FDPSR SDUD FRQVWDWDomR GR HVWDGR GH GHJUDGDomRDPELHQWDO SURYRFDGR SHOD DXVrQFLD GH GUHQDJHP DR ORQJR GRFRUSR GDV HVWUDGDV GH DFHVVR j FLGDGH H HVWUDGDV YLFLQDLV $ LQH[LVWrQFLD GH REUDV GH DUWH KLGUiXOLFDV YDOHWDV EXHLURV SURWHomRQRV FRUWHV H DWHUURV GLVVLSDGRUHV GH HQHUJLD QRV WDOXGHV HWF
  52. 52. UHGXQGDUDP HP LQWHQVRV SURFHVVRV HURVLYRV TXH FRQIHULUDP DGLYHUVDV SURSULHGDGHV DIHWDGDV FHQiULRV TXH GHVFDUDFWHUL]DP DWRSRJUDÀD ORFDO FRPR D IRUPDomR GH YRoRURFDV H GHVORFDPHQWRV GH PDVVD‡ 9LVLWD j iUHD GH LPSODQWDomR GDV IXWXUDV LQVWDODo}HV GR 1XSHUDGH H GR DPSR ([SHULPHQWDO GH 7HFQRORJLDV GH RPEDWH jHVHUWLÀFDomR‡ 5HDOL]DomR GH RÀFLQD GH WUDEDOKR HP FRQMXQWR FRP UHSUHVHQWDQWHV GH 3UHIHLWXUDV SUHIHLWRV H WpFQLFRV
  53. 53. GR PHLR DFDGrPLFR8QLYHUVLGDGH GR 3LDXt
  54. 54. H GD 21* ² 626 *LOEXpV SDUD D LGHQWLÀFDomR GDV SULQFLSDLV GHPDQGDV D VHUHP SULRUL]DGDVRPR UHVXOWDGR GD RÀFLQD IRL SRVVtYHO IRUPXODU XP HVERoR GHXP SURJUDPD GH HGXFDomR D VHU GHWDOKDGR SHOR FRQVyUFLR $OIDVRO$OIDEHWL]DomR 6ROLGiULD
  55. 55. ,QVWLWXWR RRSHUIRUWH (GLWRUD +RUL]RQWH *HRJUiÀFR H 21* RPXQLGDGH LGDGDQLD7DPEpP IRL SRVVtYHO HVERoDU XP SODQR GH DomR HQWUH D$1$00$ 65+00$ H 0LQLVWpULR GDV LGDGHV SDUD RULHQ
  56. 56. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYuWDU DV DWLYLGDGHV GH PLQHUDomR H GLVSRVLomR GH UHVtGXRV VyOLGRV$OpP GLVVR IRL HVERoDGR XP SODQR SDUD D RULHQWDomR GDV SUiWLFDVDJUtFRODV FRQGX]LGR SHOR 0$3$ RPXQLGDGH LGDGDQLD H UHSUHVHQWDQWHV GDV 3UHIHLWXUDV H $VVRFLDomR GH $JULFXOWRUHV GD UHJLmR)RL GDGD VHTXrQFLD D XPD VpULH GH UHXQL}HV HP %UDVtOLD FRP DVLQVWLWXLo}HV SDUFHLUDV TXH FRQVWLWXHP R FRQVyUFLR DFLPD FLWDGRFRP R REMHWLYR GH IRUPDWDU RV SODQRV GH DomR H GHÀQLU R FURQRJUDPD GH LPSOHPHQWDomR H LGHQWLÀFDomR GDV IRQWHV H PRGDOLGDGHVGH ÀQDQFLDPHQWR 2 TXH GHYHUi WHU VHTXrQFLD VHJXQGR D ÀUPHGLVSRVLomR GRV HQYROYLGRV
  57. 57. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu*HUWMDQ%%HHNPDQ
  58. 58. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu 9LUPLZ 0UZ[P[JPVUHPZNas reuniões técnicas mantidas com o representante da Secretariade Políticas para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável, responsável pela co-ordenação do Programa Nacional de Zoneamento Ecológico e Econô-mico, foram discutidas as diretrizes metodológicas para o ZEE, a serdesenvolvido para Gilbués e Monte Alegre do Piauí.A dimensão e a abrangência territorial deverão considerar o enfo-que tático operacional, como preconizado pelas diretrizes metodoló-gicas, e ser dirigidas aos níveis das administrações municipal e estadu-al. Entre outros, os seguintes aspectos serão contemplados.• Apoiar o gerenciamento de ações de conservação e proteção docapital ou ativos ambientais em nível local.• Reduzir os riscos de comprometimento das funções e dos servi-ços dos sistemas ecológicos constituintes do contexto ambiental daregião.• Subsidiar planos de monitoramento e de acompanhamento de in-dicadores e referências em apoio à sistemática de avaliação de im-pactos ambientais, assim como do futuro Plano Diretor.• Subsidiar planos de manejo de unidades de conservação.As escalas de detalhe utilizadas para retratar as informações possi-bilitam analisar os subsistemas ambientais caracterizados pelas UTBs(Unidades Territoriais Básicas). Essas unidades representam o resul-tado da intersecção dos sistemas naturais versus o uso e ocupação dosolo ou território, delineando e dimensionando a vocação regionalcomo instrumento para um ZEE.a) As escalas de semi-detalhe recomendadas são maiores que250.000, preferencialmente entre 1:100.000 e 1:50.000;b) As escalas de detalhe deverão ser maiores que 1:50.000
  59. 59. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYuA UTB representa, portanto, a célula elementar de informação eanálise para um zoneamento, na forma de uma entidade geográfica quecontém atributos ambientais que permitem diferenciá-la dos territó-rios adjacentes, ao mesmo tempo em que possui características ineren-tes, que a vinculam e articulam à complexa rede integrada do mosaicoconstituído por outras unidades territoriais.Diante do exposto, depreende-se que:• Os diversos ZEEs, em suas diversas escalas, não se substituemnem se superpõem, no HQWDQWR FRPSOHPHQWDPVH HP VHXV REMHWLYRV HQIRTXHV H PHWDV‡ 2 PDFURGLDJQyVWLFR QmR p REWLGR SHOD VLPSOHV VRPD GRV GLDJQyVWLFRV GHWDOKDGRV‡ e UHFRPHQGiYHO TXH DV LQVWLWXLo}HV S~EOLFDV UHVSRQViYHLV SHODREWHQomR GH LQIRUPDo}HV SULPiULDV PDQWHQKDP LQWHUDomR H DUWLFXODomR H KDUPRQL]HP SURFHGLPHQWRV FRP R REMHWLYR GH SHUPLWLU R DFHVVR D GDGRV H LQIRUPDo}HV GH LQWHUHVVH FRPXP‡ 3DUD TXH XP =(( DWLQMD VHXV REMHWLYRV p HVVHQFLDO TXH QD VXDFRQVWUXomR D SDUWLFLSDomR S~EOLFD VHMD D PDLV DPSOD SRVVtYHOHQYROYHQGR WRGRV RV HVWUDWRV VRFLRHFRQ{PLFRV XWLOL]DQGRVHHQWUH RXWURV GRV LQVWUXPHQWRV GH GLYXOJDomR GLVVHPLQDomR HFRPXQLFDomR PXOWLPtGLD2V DVSHFWRV PHQFLRQDGRV RULHQWDUDP DV GLVFXVV}HV FRQGX]LGDVSRU RFDVLmR GD UHDOL]DomR GD 2ÀFLQD =(( QRV GLDV H GH DJRVWR GH QD )XQFHPH)RUWDOH]D H QRV GLDV H GR PHVPRPrV H DQR QR 1XSHUDGH*LOEXpV FRP GLYHUVRV UHSUHVHQWDQWHVVHWRULDLV TXH IRL VXEVLGLDGD FRP RV 3,V 3ODQRV GH ,QIRUPDomR
  60. 60. HODERUDGRV SHOR ,13((VVHV SODQRV FRQVWLWXLUmR D EDVH GH GDGRV H LQIRUPDo}HV TXHGHYHUi LQWHUDJLU FRP PRGHORV GH VLPXODomR D VHU JHUHQFLDGRV SRU6LVWHPD GH ,QIRUPDomR *HRJUiÀFD HVSHFtÀFR TXH VHUi XWLOL]DGRQR GHVHQKR H FRQÀJXUDomR GR =(( ² *LOEXpV H 0RQWH $OHJUH
  61. 61. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu2 UHVXOWDGR GHVWDV RÀFLQDV HVWi FRQVROLGDGR HP UHODWyULRV HVSHFtÀFRV DQH[R 5HODWyULR 2ÀFLQDV GH 7UDEDOKR 3DUWLFLSDWLYR SDUDR =(( ² *LOEXpV H 0RQWH $OHJUH
  62. 62. HODERUDGRV SHODV )DFLOLWDGRUDVGD 0HWRGRORJLD =233 XWLOL]DGD FRPR LQVWUXPHQWR GH PRWLYDomRH FRQGXomR GRV WUDEDOKRV QD GLQkPLFD GH JUXSR
  63. 63. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu*HUWMDQ%%HHNPDQ
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  140. 140. 1mR(VSDFLDO ² UHIHUHVH DRV GDGRV TXH QmR SRVVXHP UHSUHVHQWDomR HVSDFLDO H[SOtFLWD H[ GDGRV GH FDGDVWURV UXUDLV H XUEDQRV
  141. 141. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu
  142. 142. *SVQYPEpnS HI WYFWuHMSW TEVE IPEFSVEpnS HS ^SRIEQIRXS IGSPzKMGSIGSR|QMGS HS RGPIS SVMKMREP HIHIWIVXM½GEpnS HI +MPFYqW IWXYHS HI GEWS HSW QYRMGuTMSW HI +MPFYqW I 1SRXI %PIKVI RS IWXEHS HS 4MEYu )HUJV KL +HKVZ .LVNYmÄJVZ )+. KLWHY[L KV 5‚JSLV KL +LZLY[PÄJHsqV KL .PSItZ 4UPJxWPVZ KL .PSItZ L 4VU[L (SLNYL KV 7PHx%XVFDQGR VHUYLU DR =(( R %DQFR GH DGRV *HRJUiÀFRV GRVPXQLFtSLRV GH *LOEXpV H 0RQWH $OHJUH IRL GHVHQYROYLGR FRPR XPVLVWHPD LQWHJUDGR GH LQIRUPDo}HV TXH SXGHVVH VHU XWLOL]DGR SHORPDLRU Q~PHUR SRVVtYHO GH XVXiULRV VHMDP HOHV GDV LQVWLWXLo}HV S~EOLFDV HPSUHVDV RX GD VRFLHGDGH SHUPLWLQGR JHUDU SURGXWRV WHPiWLFRV LQGLFDWLYRV GDV SRWHQFLDOLGDGHV H IUDJLOLGDGHV GR WHUULWyULR H~WHLV QD RULHQWDomR GDV SROtWLFDV S~EOLFDV(VWH VLVWHPD LQWHJUDGR GH LQIRUPDo}HV EXVFD WDPEpP LQFHQWLYDUD GLIXVmR GR %DQFR GH DGRV *HRJUiÀFRV XWLOL]DQGR VRIWZDUH GHJHRSURFHVVDPHQWR GH GRPtQLR S~EOLFR 7HUUD9LHZ
  143. 143. HRX GH GLVWULEXLomR JUDWXLWD 635,1*
  144. 144. UHGX]LQGR FXVWRV SDUD D GLVSRQLELOL]DomR GDV LQIRUPDo}HV QDV LQVWLWXLo}HV S~EOLFDV IHGHUDLV HVWDGXDLVPXQLFLSDLV H SULYDGDV TXH DWXDP QD UHJLmR2 %DQFR GH DGRV *HRJUiÀFRV %*
  145. 145. GRV PXQLFtSLRV GH *LOEXpV H 0RQWH $OHJUH UH~QH 3ODQRV GH ,QIRUPDomR 3,V
  146. 146. RUJDQL]DGRV HP FDWHJRULDV FRP XP FRQMXQWR GH DUTXLYRV TXH VRPDP JLJDEWHV 2 %*635,1* FRQWpP RV 3,V OLVWDGRV D VHJXLU 4VKLSV 0THNLT 3, ,PDJHQV 70 /DQGVDW 3ODQR GH ,QIRUPDomR FRQWHQGR LPDJHQV 70 /DQGVDW UHFHQWHV
  147. 147. H DQWLJDV

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