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  2. 2. TEST OF ENGLISH AS A FORIGEN LANGUAGE TOEFL Ihsan M. Abdulqadir salahaddin university – Kurdistan Adviser: Aiden Wylie
  3. 3. The definition: TOEFL: Formally known as "Test of English as a Foreign Language" was developed to measure the English language proficiency of non-native English language speakers.
  4. 4. History: In 1962, American national council and representatives of thirty governmental and private organizations formed (TOEFL) to address the problem of ensuring English language proficiency for non-native speakers wishing to study at U.S. universities. The TOEFL test was first administered in 1964 by the (Modern Language Association) financed by grants from the (Ford Foundation) and (Dan forth Foundation.)
  5. 5. Who administer (TOEFL) today? from 1965 The TOEFL is Administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS), founded in 1947, is the large nonprofit educational testing and assessment organization. Sets the questions, conducts the test twice or thrice in a month and sends each examinee the score report.
  6. 6. The Purpose of TOEFL test: To evaluate the English proficiency of people who are non-native speakers according to the TOEFL scores, or to pinpoint someone’s level of English in every skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking).
  7. 7. Eligibility for TOEFL: ● Anyone and everyone are eligible ● No restrictions based on age. ● No restrictions based on qualifications.
  8. 8. Formats of TOEFL test: 1- PBT (Paper based test) 2- CBT (Computer based test) 3- IBT (Internet based test)
  9. 9. PBT: The TOEFL paper-based Test (PBT) is available in limited remote areas, means test takers use paper to answer the questions, Needs (140 – 150 minutes)
  10. 10. Sections: Listening Comprehension: (30 – 40 minutes) Measures the ability to understand English, The Listening section consists of 3 parts. The first one contains 30 questions about short conversations. The second part has 8 questions about longer conversations. The last part asks 12 questions about lectures or talks.
  11. 11. Structure and Written Expression: (25 minutes) Measures recognition of selected structural and grammatical points in standard written English, the Structure and Written Expression section has 15 exercises of completing sentences correctly, and 25 exercises of identifying errors.
  12. 12. Reading Comprehension: (55 minutes) The Reading Comprehension section has 50 questions about reading passages.
  13. 13. CBT: In July 1998, (ETS) introduced the computerbased version of the TOEFL test (TOEFL CBT) in many areas of the world. . New types of questions were added to the listening and Reading sections; these new question types moved beyond multiple-choice questions. The CBT was discontinued in September 2006 and these scores are no longer valid.
  14. 14. IBT: Since its introduction in late 2005, the TOEFL Internet-based Test (IBT) format has progressively replaced both the (CBT) and (PBT), although (PBT) is still used in select areas. The TOEFL IBT test has been introduced in phases, with US, Canada, France, Germany and Italy in 2005 and the rest of the world in 2006. four-hour, four sections
  15. 15. Sections (skills): Reading: (60 – 80 minutes) ● consists of 4–6 passages, each approximately (700) words. ● Passages require understanding of rhetorical functions such as cause-effect, compare-contrast and argumentation. ● Students answer (36 – 56) questions about main ideas, details, essential information, sentence insertion, vocabulary, rhetorical purpose and overall ideas.
  16. 16. Listening: (60 - 90 minutes) ● consists of six passages, each 3–5 minutes ● passages include two speakers’ conversations and four academic discussions. Each conversation is heard only once. ● The questions (34 – 51 questions) are meant to measure the ability to understand main ideas, important details, implications, relationships between ideas, organization of information, speaker purpose and speaker attitude.
  17. 17. Speaking: (20 minutes) ● (6) tasks: (2) independent and (4)integrated. ● In the two independent tasks, test-takers answer opinion questions on familiar topics. ● In two of the integrated tasks, test-takers read a passage, listen to an academic conversation and answer a question by combining information from the text and the talk ● In the two remaining integrated tasks, testtakers listen to an academic course lecture or a conversation and then respond to a question about what they heard.
  18. 18. Writing: (50 minutes) ● (2) tasks: (1)integrated and (1) independent ● In the integrated task, test-takers read a passage and then listen to a speaker discuss the same topic. The test-taker will then write a summary about the important points in the listening passage and explain how these relate to the key points of the reading passage. ● In the independent task, the test-takers must write an essay by their opinion on an issue
  19. 19. Test score: The TOEFL test is scored on a scale of 0 to 120 points. Reading 30 Listening 30 Speaking 30 and Writing 30
  20. 20. Linking TOEFL scores to IELTS scores: IELTS TOEFL 9 8.5 8 7.5 7 6.5 6 5.5 5 4.5 118-120 115-117 110-114 102-109 94-101 79-93 60-78 46-59 35-45 32-34