Child Labour in Bangladesh


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Method 2 : Issue, Child Labour in Bangladesh.

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Child Labour in Bangladesh

  1. 1. Child Labour In Bangladesh
  2. 2. Human rights issues are linked to child labour. Bangladesh facts summary... • Bangladesh has a population of 153 Million, 35.5 million of those are under 15 and 7.9 million of those are working children. • 93.3 percent of those operate in the informal sector. • An estimate of 1.3 million children are working 43 hours or more per week. • The list goes on and is daunting. But, we ought to think of not only how many human rights issues are linked to child labour, but how many of these issues can be addressed by redirecting millions child labourers to school
  3. 3. Although Child Labour is Illegal in Bangladesh the Industries are too Powerful • Agriculture engages 4.5 million, Services sector engages 2 million and industry 1.4 million. • The worst forms are welding, automobiles, street children, battery- re-charging, and transport. The factors that generate child labour; • The extreme forms of poverty being a main cause and a main consequence, it is just an ongoing cycle.
  4. 4. Why children are working under exploitative and dangerous conditions. • Rapid population growth • Adult unemployment • Lack of minimum wages • Exploitation of workers • Low standard of living • Low quality of education • Lack of legal provisions • Traditional arguments in favour of child labour
  5. 5. Quality education can make an important contribution to a culture of global tolerance and world peace and security. • 50% of children drop out of school before the age of 8 and then gravitate towards work. These correlate with the low quality of education, low adult literacy, low awareness of the importance of education, teacher student ratio (often 1:100). • Adult education such as vocational skills training is limited as employment linkages are sparse, the quality of the training is low and neither the Bangladesh government or NGOs have the capacity or expertise to deliver training .effectively.
  6. 6. Why we need to tackle it • Reduction of child labour is expected to help both the child’s educational achievements including the efficiency and capacity of the education system, and help reduce poverty. This does not include the incalculable social and human benefits of eliminating the practice. Thus, tackling child labour will have positive effects beyond the individual child. • “Working children suffer significant growth deficits as compared with school children. They grow up shorter and lighter, and their body size continues to be smaller even in adulthood. Many of them work under conditions that leave them alarmingly vulnerable to chemical and biological hazards. Child workers tend to develop muscular, chest and abdominal pain, headaches, dizziness, respiratory infections, diarrhoea and worm infection.
  7. 7. Health and Developmental Consequences • Poor working conditions make them more susceptible than their adult colleagues to infectious diseases, injuries and other workplace-related ailments. Many even experience amputations or loss of body parts. Moreover, children in certain occupations experience particular types of abuse. Child domestic workers are often found to be victims of verbal and sexual abuse, beating or punishment by starvation. Children, engaged in scavenging, rag- picking or marginal economic activities in the streets, are exposed to drugs, violence, and criminal activities, physical and sexual abuse in many parts of the country.”
  8. 8. End Child Labour, end poverty-We need to stop the on going cycle once and for all! • Some NGO’s and other organisations set up to tackle the issue in the past fall by the waste side after time and is forgotten about. A lot of NGO’s come to Bangladesh on the pretense of starting up a project and spend their time wining and dining on expense account while debating whether to raise wages by 27 pence a month! Sadly we see that even now, almost 220 million members of the "next generation" are being exploited to meet the economic demands of today. The widespread practice of child labour is one of the single greatest threats to any poverty eradication program. The child labourers of today are the generation on which sustainable development depends, but they are at risk of becoming a forgotten generation.
  9. 9. End Child Labour, end poverty-We need to stop the on going cycle once and for all! ILO - IPEC was among those who urged a more comprehensive approach to the problem, to include the rehabilitation of the child workers through regular education and the provision of alternative earning opportunities for the affected families.  Sustainable development requires participation by every nation and every person for it to be successful, and successful development cannot leave anybody behind. The real test of the world's commitment to children is if it will pledge the resources needed for all children's rights.