National Perspective on Peace Process and National Security A Presentation by Secretary Teresita Quintos-Deles Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process
Two-Part Presentation Winning the Peace Ensuring National Security
Presentation Outline Policy Framework and Substantive Directions Updates Issues and Challenges
The administration will have to pick up the pieces and resume the quest for peace with vigor and clarity of purpose. Our quest must not only focus on ensuring the stability of the state and the security of our nation. Our ultimate goal must be the safety and well being of our people. We must revive the peace process on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the root causes of the conflict, under clear policies that pave and clear the way ahead, and driven by a genuine desire to attain a just and lasting peace.
We shall endeavour to restore confidence in a peace process that is transparent and participatory, and renew our faith in our shared vision of a peaceful, secure and prosperous future under one sovereign flag. - President Benigno S. Aquino III
WINNING THE PEACE Promotion of the peace process shall be the centerpiece of the internal security program as a testament to a government’s commitment to a policy of peace, reconciliation, and reunification. Peace is not just the absence of war or conflict, but it is the sum total of the conditions that ensure human and social well-being in all dimensions. This entails the winning of hearts and minds of the aggrieved and the afflicted while retaining the allegiance of the rest.
GOALS While the government’s aim is to win the peace, the goal for the medium term is to bring all armed conflict to a permanent and peaceful closure.
OBJECTIVES Negotiated political settlement of armed conflicts; and Causes of armed conflict and other issues that affect the peace process effectively addressed
SPECIFIC STRATEGIES Track 1: Negotiated political settlement of all armed conflicts Track 2: Complementary tracks
Track 1: Negotiated political settlement of all armed conflicts Resume and complete negotiations with MILF and CPP/NPA/NDF Complete implementation of signed final peace agreements with the MNLF and CPLA Closure of the peace tracks with RPMP/RPA/ABB
Track 1: Negotiated political settlement of all armed conflicts Final DDR of the abovementioned armed groups through effective and appropriate intervention programs Establishment of mechanisms towards a participatory and accountable peace process
Track 2: Complementary Track Focused development in conflict-affected areas through PAMANA Settlement of long standing disputes over land and resources IP Agenda Affirmative action agenda for Muslims Enhancement of ARMM governance Implementation of UNSC 1325 compliance
Track 2: Complementary Track Children in situations of armed conflict End impunity and extra-judicial killings Security sector reform
Updates: Track One Negotiations with MILF 20th formal exploratory meeting of the parties resumed 13 January 2011, since the impasse in 2008 Panel: Dean MarvicLeonen (Chair), Professor Miriam Coronel-Ferrer, former Secretary SenenBacani, Vice Mayor Ramon Piang
Updates: Track One Negotiations wiith CPP/NPA/NDF Formal negotiations resumed in Oslo from 15 to 21 February 2011, since the impasse in 2006 Panel: Alex Padilla (Chair), EdnarDayanghirang, JurgetteHonculada, PablitoSanidad, Ma. Lourdes Tison
Updates: Track One Completion of signed implementation with MNLF 4th Session of the Tripartite Meeting in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, on 22-23 February 2011 leading to the agreement to move BDAF forward and to initiate the agreed mechanisms and processes for resolving three remaining issues with no common ground
Updates: Track One Completion of signed implementation with CPLA and RPMP-RPA-ABB Reached agreements on principles with details on final closure plan which includes development intervention and the disposition of arms and forces
Updates: Track Two PAMANA: 2011 road mapping covering 7 conflict areas and institutional arrangements being finalized; launching on the ground by March-April IP Agenda: full IPRA implementation, starting with reconstitution of leadership/reorganization to be completed by March Affirmative action agenda for Muslims: resolution of NCMF leadership issue, initial focus on Hajj management reform Enhancement of ARMM governance: prosecution of Ampatuan massacre case; DILG measures which include: (a) team up with COA for special audit of ARMM, (b) enforcement of LGU’s full disclosure of budget and finances through website postings/print media, media, (c) enforcement of disciplinary actions on absentee local officials; postponement of elections
Updates: Track Two Implementation of UNSC 1325 compliance: strategic implementation of the National Action Plan (joined with Magna Carta on Women) Children in situations of armed conflict: setting up of desk in AFP HR office; preparation for the visit of SRSG toward removal of Philippines from the black list End impunity and extra-judicial killings: adoption/implementation of HR-based AFP intelligence handbook; DOJ case file on EJE
Some Issues and Challenges Timeframe: to reach agreements by midterm so that the remaining term can be devoted for implementation; to not turnover unfinished businesses to the next administration Accelerating processes while avoiding short-cuts: reach common understanding in less ambiguous terms; finally ask the hard questions; insulating substantive agenda Balancing transparency and confidentiality
Some Issues and Challenges Splinters and internal contestation Mechanisms for “sufficient consensus”: How participatory is participatory? What is the operational meaning of ‘consensus’? DDR: lawless elements and loose weapons Accelerating post-conflict development Citizens-based mechanisms for monitoring / constant accompaniment of unfolding processes
Ensuring National Security P.Noyclearly defined national security as not only focused on ensuring stability of the state and the security of our nation but more importantly on the ultimate goal of ensuring the safety and well-being of our people.
Policy Framework & Substantial Directions Apart from the peace process, the government shall create and sustain an enabling environment conducive to development. This will be done involving whole government, institutions, and the entire citizenry to address national integrity, public order and safety, and governance reforms. It is hoped that these mutually-enforcing strategies shall secure internal and external peace that will contribute to development efforts of the government and ensure that Filipinos will be able to take part in the process of economic growth and development.
Four Pillars of National Security Policy Good governance Delivery of basic services Economic reconstruction and sustainable development of Mindanao Security sector reform
GOAL The government shall ensure that the Filipino national community’s welfare, way of life, institutions, territorial integrity and sovereignty are protected.
OBJECTIVES Internal stability promoted and sustained. Full sovereignty and territorial integrity of the state protected. Security sector reform carried out.
Strategies to Achieve Internal Stability Reduce capabilities of armed groups not within negotiated political settlement processes Continued and intensified police operations to address criminality
Strategies to Protect National Sovereignty Sustain and cultivate international relations and external security Enhance capability to respond to either manmade or natural non-traditional security concerns
Strategies to Carry Out Security Sector Reform Pursue reforms in the security sector through
Strengthening civilian control and oversight of the security sector
Strengthening the rule of law throughout the country
Strategies to Carry Out Security Sector Reform Professionalization of security forces through adherence on the principle of Democratic Control of the AFP and the PNP
UPDATES Appointments by P.Noy underscore a commitment to SSR and Human Rights Cabinet security cluster now chaired by DILG DOJ Secretary formerly the Chair of CHR The current Chair of CHR is Etta Rosales Panel Chairs are both HR lawyers
UPDATES AFP has a peace office designated to constantly communicate and coordinate with OPAPP AFP includes desk to focus on issues on children in armed conflicts Government panels go on the ground to dialogue with our troops, and vice versa
SOME ISSUES AND CHALLENGES Investigation into corruption (pabaon system)involving the highest officials of the AFP Disentangling law enforcement and peace process; family ties and law enforcement Reality of terrorism Civilian/democratic oversight Impact of peacekeeping capacity in AFP Winning the hearts of ordinary soldiers
CONCLUSION The prospect for peace has never been this good. It is better than it has ever been. There is hope because of the political climate and the and new political leadership. But peace process still littered with land mines. Let’s not waste the moment. All hands on deck!