Civil society initiatives on engaging peace processes


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presented by Karen Tañada, Executive Director, GZO Peace Institute

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Civil society initiatives on engaging peace processes

  1. 1. Civil Society Initiatives on Engaging Peace Processes Forum on Peace and Security –  Pursuing EDSA 's Path of Peace   March 3, 2011 Ateneo de Manila University
  2. 2. <ul><li>Categories of Civil Society Peace Efforts (Miriam Coronel- Ferrer) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace constituency building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict reduction efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict settlement efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace research and training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace building and social development </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Engaging the GPH-MILF peace negotiations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mindanao Peaceweavers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mindanao Solidarity Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mindanao Peoples’ Caucus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consortium of Bangsamoro Civil Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mindanao Peoples’ Peace Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mindanao Peace Advocates Conference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agong Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace Advocates Zamboanga -IRSMP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Mindanao Peaceweavers </li></ul></ul>15 Points Mindanao Peoples’ Peace Agenda Priorities: Right to Self- determination National Peace Policy Humanitarian Protection
  5. 5. Mindanao Solidarity Network : Mindanao Solidarity Network : Anak Mindanao, Balay Rehab Ctr , BINHI ng Kapayapaan, CPE-Miriam, GenPeace, GZOPI, IID, Pinay Kilos, Peacemakers Circle, and World Without Wars, YMPN etc. Supporting the MPPA and MPC ‘s National Solidarity Conference on Mindanao strategies
  6. 6. Other peace engagement efforts Boses Mindanao - “ Mindanao Contact Group for Peace” Mindanao MultiStakeholders’ Group- for inclusive peace , addressing horizontal as well as vertical conflict
  7. 7. Institute of Autonomy and Governance Institute of Bangsamoro Studies analyzing, discussing concrete options on the peace agenda
  8. 8. Bishops Ulama Conference National Ulama Conference Philippine Council for Islam and Democracy
  9. 9. <ul><li>Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP </li></ul><ul><li>National Council of Churches in the Philippines (NCCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches in the </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines (PCEC) </li></ul><ul><li>Ecumenical Bishops Forum (EBF) </li></ul><ul><li>Association of Major Religious Superior in the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>(AMRSP) </li></ul>Engaging the GPH- NDF peace negotiations: <ul><li>Philippine Ecumenical Peace Platform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a Faith-based National Ecumenical Peace Movement in the Philippines </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>To work for continuing peace negotiations and resumption of formal peace talks between the GRP and the NDFP towards a final peace agreement; </li></ul><ul><li>To be a Prophetic Voice for a just and enduring Peace; </li></ul><ul><li>To be a platform of the people’s articulation of their needs, hopes and aspirations within the context of the peace talks; </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage and support collaborative actions to address local causes of social conflicts. </li></ul>Philippine Ecumenical Peace Platform
  11. 11. Manindigan sa Peace Talks IP Net l Teacher's Dignity Coalition l Sulong CARHRIHL Network l IID– Manila and Davao l Protect CIAC l GZO Peace Institute l Gen Peace l CPE – Miriam l PAHRA l TFDP l Medical Action Group l CBCP – NASSA l PCICC l FIND l Balay Rehabilitation Center l NEWLAC - Nueva Ecija l NAGSIKAP – Zambalesl Kolokakoloy – Rizal l PASAKK - Agusan del Sur l KATRIBUMMU - Surigao del Sur l SAC- Camarines Norte l Mangyan Mission - Mindoro Oriental l SAC San Jose - Mindoro Occidental l SAGIBIN - Northern Quezon l Tribal Center for Development - Northern Quezon l Waging Peace Philippines l PCBL l JPICC - AMRSP l CSI-IHL l South – South Network - Davao l Sacred Heart Missionary – Davao l COMIPPA l Ecowaste Coalition – Cavite Greens l Samahan ng Magsasaka sa Kapuluan l Order of Friars Minor – JPIC l Indigenous People’s Apostolate - Aurora and North Qu ezon
  12. 12. Manindigan sa Peace Talks <ul><li>Sincere Commitment to Peace Talks </li></ul><ul><li>Full Implementation of CARHRIHL </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral Ceasefire during Peace Talks </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency in the Peace Processes </li></ul><ul><li>People’s Voice on Substantial Reform Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  13. 13. Engaging both peace Processes Waging Peace Philippines (Ph- GPPAC) GZO Peace Institute , GenPeace, CPE-Miriam, Mindanao Peaceweavers, Lupah Sug Bangsamoro Women, Pax-Christi Pilipinas, PsPN, Cordillera Peoples’ Forum, CCAGG, PILIPINA, WAND , JPIC-ASMRSP, IID, UNYPAD, Young Moro Professionals, Al Mujadillah Development Fdn, PAZ, etc. Citizens’ Peace Agenda Peace Covenant
  14. 14. Indigenous Peoples engagement IP Net - Indigenous People’s Network for Ancestral Domain and Peace IP communities and organizations in Tubo, Malibcong, Bucloc in Abra, Aurora, Pampanga, Bulacan, Zambales, Tarlac, Rizal, Camarines Norte, Mindoro Oriental, Mindoro Occidental and North Quezon. These areas and organizations were formed into 5 different clusters: Halcon, South Sierra Madre, North Sierra Madre, Pinatubo and Cordillera COMIPPA - Coalition of Mindanao Indigenous People for Peace Advocacy
  15. 15. Ofc of Rep Baguilat, Ofc of Rep Bag-ao, PAFID, Alyansa Tigil Mina, LRC-KSK, Panlipi-ALG. ECIP, KASAPI, KAMP, Tebtebba, Katribu, SIPA, OSCI, AnthroWatch, FPP, GZOPI, etc. Forging Partnerships for Peace Assisi Foundation , Anthrowatch, KASAPI, PAFID, LRC-KSK, Cartwheel Fdn, Non –Timber Forestry Products Program, IPEX, GZOPI Consultative Group on IPs (CGIP)
  16. 16. <ul><li>Independent panel that shall represent IPs in the various peace talks </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize peace pacts </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize peace zones </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusions of lumad territories from the BJE </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a ‘quick response’ intervention mechanism for internally displaced IP families. </li></ul>Some IP agenda on peace processes
  17. 17. WE Act 1325 – Women Engaging in Action on 1325 Center for Peace Education- Miriam College, Asian Circle 1325, AKKAPKA, Balay Rehabilitation Center, CCAGG, GZO Peace Institute, IID, Lupah Sug Bangsamoro Women Mindanao Commission on Women, Mindanao 1325, Paghiusa sa Paghidait Negros, Pilipina, Sulong CARHRIHL, WAGI, NIsa Ul Haqq Fi Bangsamoro, ISIS, etc. Women Peace and Security, UNSCR and National Action Plan 1325 Protection and Prevention, Participation of Women, Gender Perspectives and Mainstreaming in Peace
  18. 18. Generation Peace (youth network) AKBAYAN Youth, AYCC, BROOD . CARAGA Youth Leaders Network, CDPC DLSU-D, CPE – Miriam College, FEU Angel Palanca Peace Program FEU ACP3, FMYCPAD, KSAP NVSU, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa, Pax Christi Miriam College, Pax Christi Negros Youth Group, PAZ, PeaceTech, PNU UNESCO Club, ROTARACT Pitogo Makati, Sobusteha Youth , Sulong CARHRIHL Youth, TLYSA, UNYAP, UNYPAD, UST AB Social Science Society <ul><li>Ensuring protection of youth and children in armed conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Asserting role of youth and their agenda in peace processes </li></ul>
  19. 19. Issue advocacy related to peace processes Security Sector Reform - INCITEGOV plus Small arms and light weapons – PhilANCA - Philippine Action Network to Control Arms Landmines and cluster munitions - Philippine Campaign to Ban Landmines (PCBL) and Phil Campaign against Cluster Munitions (PCCM) Human rights and International Humanitarian Law - Civil Society Initiatives (CSI-IHL)
  20. 20. <ul><li>Some weaknesses in CSO engagement and advocacy : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack (KULANG) in projecting a strong voice or presence supporting the peace talks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack in drawing in larger, broader peace constituency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of updated, significant or strategic knowledge about developments in the peace processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack in anticipating or responding creatively to hurdles or obstacles in the peace processes, to help move them forward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack in being able to substantively contribute to the peace negotiations, and sometimes lack in coming to a consensus on positions, especially on details or nitty-gritty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack in influencing key decision makers and opinion leaders on peace and conflict, at local and national levels. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Some strengths of peace CSOs : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perseverance in the face of difficulties and persistence over the long haul </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response to some urgent protection and humanitarian issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Propagation of some key principles and awareness, e.g. human security, interfaith dialogue; Some policy level success - passage of some legislation such as on IHL, anti-torture, policies: NAP 1325 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some creative and good symbolic actions and models (Bakwit power, peace zones, Bantay ceasefire, Duyog Mindanao, MPPA, Mindanao week of Peace, all women peacekeepers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience in engaging government peace bodies, some international entities, the MILF leadership (though hardly the NDF) </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Challenges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>18 months / 3 years of peace negotiations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engaging the broad Filipino public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facing off with spoilers, those who benefit from conflict and status quo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensuring the citizens’ peace agenda in and outside peace talks; implementing social justice reforms now! </li></ul></ul>