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Schneider claude ricaud Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Electric VehiclesCharging and Energy Management Claude RICAUD Sr VP, Power Innovation2nd ANNUAL GREEN FUELS & VEHICLESBeijing, April 7-8 2011
  • 2. Schneider Electric – the global specialistin energy management Balanced geographies – FY 2010 sales Year-end 2010 employeesbillion € sales in 2010 Western North Europe America 34% 24% 41,700 Asia 26,000 Pacific% of sales in new economies Rest of 24% World 31,900 18% 19,200 Diversified end markets – FY 2010 sales 1people in 100+ countries Utilities & Infrastructure 20% Industrial & machines 24% Data centres 17% Non-residential buildings 30% Residential 9%of sales devoted to R&D Listed on the Paris 1 Proforma with Areva D integrated on 12-month basis Stock Market – CAC40 2
  • 3. The Global Specialistin Energy Management Energy production Energy Energy & transmission Management Usage ●Wind energy Making energy… ●Appliances ●Safe ●Solar energy ●Climate control ●Reliable ●Hydro ●Efficient ●Security ●Biofuels ●Productive ●Lighting ●Hydrocarbons ●Green ●Machines ●Nuclear ●IT servers…with 30-70% savings everywhere 3
  • 4. Some hard questions and a few facts …Schneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 4
  • 5. Electric Vehicle: an energy nightmare ?One can hear a lot of nightmarish predictions…● « EV charge will create black out… »● « … or force to use massively fossil electricity »● « Need to build many new power plants to charge the millions of EVs »● « massive investment is necessary to build the infrastructure »● « domestic installations will not support electric vehicle… »Schneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 5
  • 6. Could mass scale deployment of ElectricVehicles threaten the grid in term of power ? ● Power needed for E.V could add to peak, leading to more use of fossil energy at peak time. ● 2M EV charging simultaneously = 8 GW (normal charge) upto 80 GW (if all fast charge) ● Installed power ● 100 GW in France ● 1000 GW in China Massive charge at peak time is not acceptable Courtesy of ERDF Schneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 6
  • 7. However energy is not a critical problem● France annual consumption about 500 TWh● China annual consumption about 4000 TWh● 1 EV = 17000 km / year = 2 MWh● With 2 M EV ● Energy needed = 4 TWh (< 1% total in France, 1° ° for China) / °● Renewables (2020 vision) ● Wind : 25 GW, 60 TWh / y in France, 15 times total EV consumption ● Wind : 150 GW, 350 TWh / y in China ● Several TWh over capacity at some times (night production may exceed demand)Schneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 7
  • 8. What are the solutions to manage energy for Evs ?Schneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 8
  • 9. Charging mode provide the technical answer● Managed charge will limit peak demand and open new services for very efficient energy management. It is a breakthrough innovation for the grid. Standard plug Emergency only (10A) non-managed modes managed modesSchneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 9
  • 10. Charging to be managed at all levels● At Charge station level ● Local user interface ● Multi spots management● At Local level (home / building) ● Loads management ● Day/night, loadshedding systems● At Grid level ● Tariff incentives, through smart meter ● Demand / Response ● V2H, V2G in the futureSchneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 10
  • 11. Vehicle charge: adapt usage● I will not stop to charge… I charge as I stop At the station At home < 7 hours each night and WE Exchange Station A minimum < 7 hours, daytime 20 Kwh At work Local stationIn 15 minutes 5 to 7 km/ kwh Variable from 30’ to 4 hours In car parks< 7 hours up toseveral days public 1 – 2 hours During travel & curbside When shopping Courtesy of Renault ’Schneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 11
  • 12. A few examples of solutions from Schneider ElectricSchneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 12
  • 13. Residential : automatic control with usercaapbility to overrideSchneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 13
  • 14. Parking or fleets: multi spots management,central energy management.Schneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 14
  • 15. Electric Vehicle: a dream for grid management ?Schneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 15
  • 16. EV are early Smart Grids contributors ● Charge management : avoid peaks, contribute toDistributed Generation 2 Demand / Response Renewable On-site Storage Backup Power ● Smart metering and charge price management3 • Carbon trading • Energy efficiency ● Fleets and infrastructure management through smart • Micro network management grid Residential ● Use batteries to store and feed electricity back to the Commercial grid (Vehicle To Grid, V2G) Industrial ● Association of EV and renewable energies to increase Transportation Active Consumers use of carbon free generation.4IntelligentMetering& DemandResponse Schneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 16
  • 17. As a conclusion● Grid can support EVs in the initial years.● It is essential to start immediately with load management, to have the capability to avoid higher peaks in demands.● Energy management must be part of home and building energy management, for highest effectiveness● As EV number grows, grid will get a « no cost », flexible storage capacity for Demand / Response management.● Storage, and later V2G, will help Renewal energy increase on the grid.Schneider Electric -CRicaud 04.2011 17